Zophar Speaks: You Deserve Worse

11 Then (A)Zophar the Naamathite answered and said:

“Should (B)a multitude of words go unanswered,
    and a man full of talk be judged right?
Should your babble silence men,
    and when you mock, shall no one shame you?
For (C)you say, ‘My (D)doctrine is pure,
    and I am clean in God's[a] eyes.’
But oh, that God would speak
    and open his lips to you,
and that he would tell you the secrets of wisdom!
    For he is manifold in (E)understanding.[b]
Know then that God (F)exacts of you less than your guilt deserves.

(G)“Can you find out the deep things of God?
    Can you find out the limit of the Almighty?
It is (H)higher than heaven[c]—what can you do?
    Deeper than Sheol—what can you know?
Its measure is longer than the earth
    and broader than the sea.
10 If he (I)passes through and (J)imprisons
    and summons the court, who can (K)turn him back?
11 For he knows (L)worthless men;
    when he sees iniquity, will he not consider it?
12 But a stupid man will get understanding
    when (M)a wild donkey's colt is (N)born a man!

13 “If you (O)prepare your heart,
    you will (P)stretch out your hands toward him.
14 If iniquity is in your hand, put it far away,
    and let not injustice dwell in your tents.
15 Surely then you will (Q)lift up your face without (R)blemish;
    you will be secure and will not fear.
16 You will (S)forget your misery;
    you will remember it as waters that have passed away.
17 And your life will be (T)brighter than the noonday;
    its darkness will be like the morning.
18 And you will feel secure, because there is hope;
    you will look around and (U)take your rest in security.
19 You will (V)lie down, and none will make you afraid;
    many will (W)court your favor.
20 But (X)the eyes of the wicked will fail;
    all way of escape will be lost to them,
    and their hope is (Y)to breathe their last.”

Job Replies: The Lord Has Done This

12 Then Job answered and said:

“No doubt you are the people,
    and wisdom will die with you.
But I have (Z)understanding as well as you;
    I am not inferior to you.
    Who does not know (AA)such things as these?
I am (AB)a laughingstock to my friends;
    I, who (AC)called to God and he answered me,
    a just and blameless man, am a laughingstock.
In the thought of one who is (AD)at ease there is contempt for misfortune;
    it is ready for those whose feet slip.
(AE)The tents of robbers are at peace,
    and those who provoke God are secure,
    who bring their god in their hand.[d]

“But ask the beasts, and they will teach you;
    the birds of the heavens, and they will tell you;
or the bushes of the earth, and they will teach you;[e]
    and the fish of the sea will declare to you.
Who among all these does not know
    that (AF)the hand of the Lord has done this?
10 In (AG)his hand is the life of every living thing
    and the breath of all mankind.
11 Does not (AH)the ear test words
    as the palate tastes food?
12 Wisdom is with (AI)the aged,
    and understanding in length of days.

13 (AJ)“With God[f] are wisdom and might;
    he has counsel and understanding.
14 If he tears down, none can rebuild;
    if he (AK)shuts a man in, none can open.
15 If he (AL)withholds the waters, they dry up;
    if he (AM)sends them out, they overwhelm the land.
16 With him are strength and (AN)sound wisdom;
    the deceived and the deceiver are his.
17 He leads (AO)counselors away stripped,
    and (AP)judges he makes fools.
18 He (AQ)looses the bonds of kings
    and binds a waistcloth on their hips.
19 He leads priests away stripped
    and overthrows the mighty.
20 He deprives of speech those who are trusted
    (AR)and takes away the discernment of the elders.
21 He (AS)pours contempt on princes
    and loosens the belt of the strong.
22 He (AT)uncovers the deeps out of darkness
    and brings (AU)deep darkness to light.
23 He (AV)makes nations great, and he destroys them;
    he enlarges nations, and (AW)leads them away.
24 He takes away understanding from the chiefs of the people of the earth
    and (AX)makes them wander in a trackless waste.
25 They (AY)grope in the dark without light,
    and he makes them (AZ)stagger like a drunken man.

Job Continues: Still I Will Hope in God

13 “Behold, my eye has seen all this,
    my ear has heard and understood it.
(BA)What you know, I also know;
    I am not inferior to you.
(BB)But I would speak to the Almighty,
    and I desire to (BC)argue my case with God.
As for you, (BD)you whitewash with lies;
    (BE)worthless physicians are you all.
Oh that you would (BF)keep silent,
    and it would be your wisdom!
Hear now my argument
    and listen to the pleadings of my lips.
Will you (BG)speak falsely for God
    and speak (BH)deceitfully for him?
Will you show partiality toward him?
    Will you (BI)plead the case for God?
Will it be well with you when he (BJ)searches you out?
    Or (BK)can you deceive him, as one deceives a man?
10 He will surely rebuke you
    if in secret you show partiality.
11 Will not his (BL)majesty terrify you,
    and the dread of him fall upon you?
12 Your maxims are proverbs of (BM)ashes;
    your defenses are defenses of clay.

13 “Let me have silence, and I will speak,
    and let come on me what may.
14 Why should I take my flesh in my teeth
    and (BN)put my life in my hand?
15 (BO)Though he slay me, I will (BP)hope in him;[g]
    yet I will (BQ)argue my ways to his face.
16 This will be my salvation,
    that the godless shall not come before him.
17 (BR)Keep listening to my words,
    and let my declaration be in your ears.
18 Behold, I have (BS)prepared my case;
    I know that I shall be in the right.
19 (BT)Who is there who will contend with me?
    For then I would be silent and die.
20 Only grant me two things,
    then I will not (BU)hide myself from your face:
21 (BV)withdraw your hand far from me,
    and let not (BW)dread of you terrify me.
22 (BX)Then call, and I will answer;
    or let me speak, and you reply to me.
23 How many are my iniquities and my sins?
    (BY)Make me know my transgression and my sin.
24 Why (BZ)do you hide your face
    and (CA)count me as your enemy?
25 Will you frighten (CB)a driven leaf
    and pursue dry (CC)chaff?
26 For you (CD)write bitter things against me
    and make me inherit (CE)the iniquities of my youth.
27 You put my feet in (CF)the stocks
    and (CG)watch all my paths;
    you set a limit for[h] the soles of my feet.
28 Man[i] wastes away like (CH)a rotten thing,
    like a garment that is (CI)moth-eaten.

Job Continues: Death Comes Soon to All

14 “Man who is (CJ)born of a woman
    is (CK)few of days and (CL)full of trouble.
He comes out like (CM)a flower and (CN)withers;
    he flees like (CO)a shadow and continues not.
And do you (CP)open your eyes on such a one
    and (CQ)bring me into judgment with you?
Who can bring (CR)a clean thing out of an unclean?
    There is not one.
Since his (CS)days are determined,
    and (CT)the number of his months is with you,
    and you have appointed his limits that he cannot pass,
(CU)look away from him and leave him alone,[j]
    that he may enjoy, like (CV)a hired hand, his day.

“For there is hope for a tree,
    if it be cut down, that it will sprout again,
    and that its shoots will not cease.
Though its root grow old in the earth,
    and (CW)its stump die in the soil,
yet at the scent of water it will bud
    and put out (CX)branches like a young plant.
10 But a man dies and is laid low;
    man breathes his last, and (CY)where is he?
11 (CZ)As waters fail from a lake
    and a river wastes away and dries up,
12 so a man lies down and rises not again;
    till (DA)the heavens are no more he will not awake
    or be (DB)roused out of his sleep.
13 Oh that you would (DC)hide me in (DD)Sheol,
    that you would (DE)conceal me (DF)until your wrath be past,
    that you would appoint me a set time, and remember me!
14 If a man dies, shall he live again?
    All the days of my (DG)service I would (DH)wait,
    till my renewal[k] should come.
15 You would (DI)call, and I would answer you;
    you would long for the (DJ)work of your hands.
16 For then you would (DK)number my steps;
    you would not keep (DL)watch over my sin;
17 my transgression would be (DM)sealed up in a bag,
    and you would cover over my iniquity.

18 “But the mountain falls and (DN)crumbles away,
    and (DO)the rock is removed from its place;
19 the waters wear away the stones;
    the torrents wash away the soil of the earth;
    so you destroy the hope of man.
20 You prevail forever against him, and he passes;
    you change his countenance, and send him away.
21 His sons come to honor, and he (DP)does not know it;
    they are brought low, and he perceives it not.
22 He feels only the pain of his own body,
    and he mourns only for himself.”

Eliphaz Accuses: Job Does Not Fear God

15 Then (DQ)Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said:

“Should (DR)a wise man answer with (DS)windy knowledge,
    and fill his (DT)belly with (DU)the east wind?
Should he argue in unprofitable talk,
    or in words with which he can do no good?
But you are doing away with the fear of God[l]
    and hindering meditation before God.
For your iniquity teaches your mouth,
    and you choose the tongue of the crafty.
Your (DV)own mouth condemns you, and not I;
    (DW)your own lips testify against you.

(DX)“Are you the first man who was born?
    Or (DY)were you brought forth (DZ)before the hills?
Have you listened in (EA)the council of God?
    And do you limit wisdom to yourself?
(EB)What do you know that we do not know?
    What do you understand that is not clear to us?
10 (EC)Both the gray-haired and the aged are among us,
    older than your father.
11 Are the comforts of God too small for you,
    or the word that deals gently with you?
12 Why does your heart carry you away,
    and why do your eyes flash,
13 that you turn your (ED)spirit against God
    and bring such words out of your mouth?
14 (EE)What is man, (EF)that he can be pure?
    Or he who is (EG)born of a woman, that he can be righteous?
15 Behold, God[m] (EH)puts no trust in his (EI)holy ones,
    and the heavens are not pure in his sight;
16 (EJ)how much less one who is abominable and (EK)corrupt,
    a man who (EL)drinks injustice like water!

17 “I will show you; hear me,
    and what I have seen I will declare
18 (what wise men have told,
    without hiding it (EM)from their fathers,
19 to whom alone the land was given,
    and no (EN)stranger passed among them).
20 The wicked man writhes in pain all his days,
    through all the (EO)years that are laid up for (EP)the ruthless.
21 (EQ)Dreadful sounds are in his ears;
    in (ER)prosperity the destroyer will come upon him.
22 He does not believe that he will return out of darkness,
    and he is marked for the sword.
23 He (ES)wanders abroad for bread, saying, ‘Where is it?’
    He knows that a day of darkness is ready at his hand;
24 distress and anguish terrify him;
    they (ET)prevail against him, like a king ready for battle.
25 Because he has stretched out his hand against God
    and defies the Almighty,
26 (EU)running (EV)stubbornly against him
    with a thickly bossed shield;
27 because he has (EW)covered his face with his fat
    and gathered fat upon his waist
28 and has lived in desolate cities,
    in houses that none should inhabit,
    which were ready to become heaps of ruins;
29 he will not be rich, and his wealth will not endure,
    nor will his possessions spread over the earth;[n]
30 he will not depart from darkness;
    the flame will dry up his shoots,
    and by (EX)the breath of his mouth he will depart.
31 Let him not (EY)trust in emptiness, deceiving himself,
    for emptiness will be his payment.
32 It will be paid in full (EZ)before his time,
    and his branch will not be green.
33 He will shake off his unripe grape like the vine,
    and cast off his blossom like the olive tree.
34 For (FA)the company of the godless is barren,
    and (FB)fire consumes the tents of bribery.
35 They (FC)conceive trouble and give birth to evil,
    and their (FD)womb prepares deceit.”

Job Replies: Miserable Comforters Are You

16 Then Job answered and said:

“I have heard (FE)many such things;
    (FF)miserable comforters are you all.
Shall (FG)windy words have an end?
    Or what provokes you that you answer?
I also could speak as you do,
    if you were in my place;
I could join words together against you
    and (FH)shake my head at you.
I could strengthen you with my mouth,
    and the solace of my lips would assuage your pain.

“If I speak, my pain is not assuaged,
    and if I forbear, how much of it leaves me?
Surely now God has worn me out;
    (FI)he has[o] made desolate all my company.
And he has shriveled me up,
    which is (FJ)a witness against me,
and my (FK)leanness has risen up against me;
    it testifies to my face.
He has (FL)torn me in his wrath (FM)and hated me;
    he has (FN)gnashed his teeth at me;
    my adversary sharpens his eyes against me.
10 Men have (FO)gaped at me with their mouth;
    they have (FP)struck me insolently on the cheek;
    they (FQ)mass themselves together against me.
11 God gives me up to the ungodly
    and casts me into the hands of the wicked.
12 I was at ease, and he broke me apart;
    he seized me by the neck and dashed me to pieces;
he set me up as his (FR)target;
13     his (FS)archers surround me.
He slashes open my kidneys (FT)and does not spare;
    he (FU)pours out my gall on the ground.
14 He breaks me with (FV)breach upon breach;
    he (FW)runs upon me like a warrior.
15 I have sewed (FX)sackcloth upon my skin
    and have laid (FY)my strength (FZ)in the dust.
16 My face is red with weeping,
    and on my eyelids is (GA)deep darkness,
17 although there is no (GB)violence in my hands,
    and my prayer is pure.

18 “O earth, (GC)cover not my blood,
    and let my (GD)cry find no resting place.
19 Even now, behold, my (GE)witness is in heaven,
    and he who testifies for me is (GF)on high.
20 My friends (GG)scorn me;
    my eye pours out tears to God,
21 that he would (GH)argue the case of a man with God,
    as[p] a son of man does with his neighbor.
22 For when a few years have come
    I shall go the way (GI)from which I shall not return.

Job Continues: Where Then Is My Hope?

17 “My spirit is broken; my days are (GJ)extinct;
    (GK)the graveyard is ready for me.
Surely there are mockers about me,
    and my eye dwells on their (GL)provocation.

“Lay down a pledge for me with you;
    who is there who will put up (GM)security for me?
Since you have closed their hearts to understanding,
    therefore you will not let them triumph.
He who informs against his friends to get a share of their property—
    the (GN)eyes of his children will fail.

“He has made me (GO)a byword of the peoples,
    and I am one before whom men spit.
My (GP)eye has grown dim from vexation,
    and all my members are like (GQ)a shadow.
The upright are (GR)appalled at this,
    and the innocent stirs himself up against the godless.
Yet the righteous holds to his way,
    and he who has (GS)clean hands grows stronger and stronger.
10 But you, (GT)come on again, all of you,
    and I shall not find a wise man among you.
11 My (GU)days are past; my plans are broken off,
    the desires of my heart.
12 They (GV)make night into day:
    ‘The light,’ they say, ‘is near to the darkness.’[q]
13 If I hope for (GW)Sheol as (GX)my house,
    if I make my bed in darkness,
14 if I say to the pit, ‘You are my father,’
    and to the worm, ‘My mother,’ or ‘My sister,’
15 where then is my hope?
    Who will see my hope?
16 Will it go down to the bars of (GY)Sheol?
    Shall we (GZ)descend together (HA)into the dust?”[r]


  1. Job 11:4 Hebrew your
  2. Job 11:6 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  3. Job 11:8 Hebrew The heights of heaven
  4. Job 12:6 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  5. Job 12:8 Or or speak to the earth, and it will teach you
  6. Job 12:13 Hebrew him
  7. Job 13:15 Or Behold, he will slay me; I have no hope
  8. Job 13:27 Or you marked
  9. Job 13:28 Hebrew He
  10. Job 14:6 Probable reading; Hebrew look away from him, that he may cease
  11. Job 14:14 Or relief
  12. Job 15:4 Hebrew lacks of God
  13. Job 15:15 Hebrew he
  14. Job 15:29 Or nor will his produce bend down to the earth
  15. Job 16:7 Hebrew you have; also verse 8
  16. Job 16:21 Hebrew and
  17. Job 17:12 The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
  18. Job 17:16 Or Will they go down to the bars of Sheol? Is rest to be found together in the dust?

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