By Faith We Understand

11 Now faith is the [a]substance of things hoped for, the [b]evidence (A)of things not seen. For by it the elders obtained a good testimony.

By faith we understand that (B)the [c]worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible.

Faith at the Dawn of History(C)

By faith (D)Abel offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts; and through it he being dead still (E)speaks.

By faith Enoch was taken away so that he did not see death, (F)“and was not found, because God had taken him”; for before he was taken he had this testimony, that he pleased God. But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him.

By faith (G)Noah, being divinely warned of things not yet seen, moved with godly fear, (H)prepared an ark for the saving of his household, by which he condemned the world and became heir of (I)the righteousness which is according to faith.

Faithful Abraham(J)

By faith (K)Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as in a foreign country, (L)dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, (M)the heirs with him of the same promise; 10 for he waited for (N)the city which has foundations, (O)whose builder and maker is God.

11 By faith (P)Sarah herself also received strength to conceive seed, and (Q)she[d] bore a child when she was past the age, because she judged Him (R)faithful who had promised. 12 Therefore from one man, and him as good as (S)dead, were born as many as the (T)stars of the sky in multitude—innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore.

The Heavenly Hope

13 These all died in faith, (U)not having received the (V)promises, but (W)having seen them afar off [e]were assured of them, embraced them and (X)confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. 14 For those who say such things (Y)declare plainly that they seek a homeland. 15 And truly if they had called to mind (Z)that country from which they had come out, they would have had opportunity to return. 16 But now they desire a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed (AA)to be called their God, for He has (AB)prepared a city for them.

The Faith of the Patriarchs(AC)

17 By faith Abraham, (AD)when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, 18 [f]of whom it was said, (AE)“In Isaac your seed shall be called,” 19 concluding that God (AF)was able to raise him up, even from the dead, from which he also received him in a figurative sense.

20 By faith (AG)Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.

21 By faith Jacob, when he was dying, (AH)blessed each of the sons of Joseph, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff.

22 By faith (AI)Joseph, when he was dying, made mention of the departure of the children of Israel, and gave instructions concerning his bones.

The Faith of Moses(AJ)

23 By faith (AK)Moses, when he was born, was hidden three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king’s (AL)command.

24 By faith (AM)Moses, when he became of age, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25 choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God than to enjoy the [g]passing pleasures of sin, 26 esteeming (AN)the [h]reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures [i]in Egypt; for he looked to the (AO)reward.

27 By faith (AP)he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured as seeing Him who is invisible. 28 By faith (AQ)he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, lest he who destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

29 By faith (AR)they passed through the Red Sea as by dry land, whereas the Egyptians, attempting to do so, were drowned.

By Faith They Overcame

30 By faith (AS)the walls of Jericho fell down after they were encircled for seven days. 31 By faith (AT)the harlot Rahab did not perish with those who [j]did not believe, when (AU)she had received the spies with peace.

32 And what more shall I say? For the time would fail me to tell of (AV)Gideon and (AW)Barak and (AX)Samson and (AY)Jephthah, also of (AZ)David and (BA)Samuel and the prophets: 33 who through faith subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises, (BB)stopped the mouths of lions, 34 (BC)quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned to flight the armies of the aliens. 35 (BD)Women received their dead raised to life again.

Others were (BE)tortured, not accepting deliverance, that they might obtain a better resurrection. 36 Still others had trial of mockings and scourgings, yes, and (BF)of chains and imprisonment. 37 (BG)They were stoned, they were sawn in two, [k]were tempted, were slain with the sword. (BH)They wandered about (BI)in sheepskins and goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, tormented— 38 of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, (BJ)in dens and caves of the earth.

39 And all these, (BK)having obtained a good testimony through faith, did not receive the promise, 40 God having provided something better for us, that they should not be (BL)made perfect apart from us.

The Race of Faith

12 Therefore we also, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, (BM)let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which so easily ensnares us, and (BN)let us run (BO)with endurance the race that is set before us, looking unto Jesus, the [l]author and [m]finisher of our faith, (BP)who for the joy that was set before Him (BQ)endured the cross, despising the shame, and (BR)has sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

The Discipline of God(BS)

(BT)For consider Him who endured such hostility from sinners against Himself, (BU)lest you become weary and discouraged in your souls. (BV)You have not yet resisted to bloodshed, striving against sin. And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to sons:

(BW)“My son, do not despise the [n]chastening of the Lord,
Nor be discouraged when you are rebuked by Him;
For (BX)whom the Lord loves He chastens,
And scourges every son whom He receives.”

(BY)If[o] you endure chastening, God deals with you as with sons; for what (BZ)son is there whom a father does not chasten? But if you are without chastening, (CA)of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate and not sons. Furthermore, we have had human fathers who corrected us, and we paid them respect. Shall we not much more readily be in subjection to (CB)the Father of spirits and live? 10 For they indeed for a few days chastened us as seemed best to them, but He for our profit, (CC)that we may be partakers of His holiness. 11 Now no [p]chastening seems to be joyful for the present, but painful; nevertheless, afterward it yields (CD)the peaceable fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.

Renew Your Spiritual Vitality(CE)

12 Therefore (CF)strengthen the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees, 13 and make straight paths for your feet, so that what is lame may not be dislocated, but rather be healed.

14 (CG)Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, (CH)without which no one will see the Lord: 15 looking carefully lest anyone (CI)fall short of the grace of God; lest any (CJ)root of bitterness springing up cause trouble, and by this many become defiled; 16 lest there be any (CK)fornicator or [q]profane person like Esau, (CL)who for one morsel of food sold his birthright. 17 For you know that afterward, when he wanted to inherit the blessing, he was (CM)rejected, for he found no place for repentance, though he sought it diligently with tears.

The Glorious Company

18 For you have not come [r]to (CN)the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and [s]darkness and tempest, 19 and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it (CO)begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore. 20 (For they could not endure what was commanded: (CP)“And if so much as a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned [t]or shot with an arrow.” 21 And so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, (CQ)“I am exceedingly afraid and trembling.”)

22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, 23 to the [u]general assembly and church of (CR)the firstborn (CS)who are registered in heaven, to God (CT)the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men (CU)made perfect, 24 to Jesus (CV)the Mediator of the new covenant, and to (CW)the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things (CX)than that of Abel.

Hear the Heavenly Voice

25 See that you do not refuse Him who speaks. For (CY)if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven, 26 whose voice then shook the earth; but now He has promised, saying, (CZ)“Yet once more I [v]shake not only the earth, but also heaven.” 27 Now this, “Yet once more,” indicates the (DA)removal of those things that are being shaken, as of things that are made, that the things which cannot be shaken may remain.

28 Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have grace, by which we [w]may (DB)serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. 29 For (DC)our God is a consuming fire.

Concluding Moral Directions

13 Let (DD)brotherly love continue. (DE)Do not forget to entertain strangers, for by so doing (DF)some have unwittingly entertained angels. (DG)Remember the prisoners as if chained with them—those who are mistreated—since you yourselves are in the body also.

(DH)Marriage is honorable among all, and the bed undefiled; (DI)but fornicators and adulterers God will judge.

Let your conduct be without covetousness; be content with such things as you have. For He Himself has said, (DJ)“I will never leave you nor forsake you.” So we may boldly say:

(DK)“The Lord is my helper;
I will not fear.
What can man do to me?”

Concluding Religious Directions

Remember those who [x]rule over you, who have spoken the word of God to you, whose faith follow, considering the outcome of their conduct. Jesus Christ is (DL)the same yesterday, today, and forever. Do not be carried [y]about with various and strange doctrines. For it is good that the heart be established by grace, not with foods which have not profited those who have been occupied with them.

10 We have an altar from which those who serve the tabernacle have no right to eat. 11 For the bodies of those animals, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned outside the camp. 12 Therefore Jesus also, that He might [z]sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered outside the gate. 13 Therefore let us go forth to Him, outside the camp, bearing (DM)His reproach. 14 For here we have no continuing city, but we seek the one to come. 15 (DN)Therefore by Him let us continually offer (DO)the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, (DP)the fruit of our lips, [aa]giving thanks to His name. 16 (DQ)But do not forget to do good and to share, for (DR)with such sacrifices God is well pleased.

17 (DS)Obey those who [ab]rule over you, and be submissive, for (DT)they watch out for your souls, as those who must give account. Let them do so with joy and not with grief, for that would be unprofitable for you.

Prayer Requested

18 (DU)Pray for us; for we are confident that we have (DV)a good conscience, in all things desiring to live honorably. 19 But I especially urge you to do this, that I may be restored to you the sooner.

Benediction, Final Exhortation, Farewell

20 Now may (DW)the God of peace (DX)who brought up our Lord Jesus from the dead, (DY)that great Shepherd of the sheep, (DZ)through the blood of the everlasting covenant, 21 make you [ac]complete in every good work to do His will, (EA)working in [ad]you what is well pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen.

22 And I appeal to you, brethren, bear with the word of exhortation, for I have written to you in few words. 23 Know that our brother Timothy has been set free, with whom I shall see you if he comes shortly.

24 Greet all those who [ae]rule over you, and all the saints. Those from Italy greet you.

25 Grace be with you all. Amen.


  1. Hebrews 11:1 realization
  2. Hebrews 11:1 Or confidence
  3. Hebrews 11:3 Or ages, Gr. aiones, aeons
  4. Hebrews 11:11 NU omits she bore a child
  5. Hebrews 11:13 NU, M omit were assured of them
  6. Hebrews 11:18 to
  7. Hebrews 11:25 temporary
  8. Hebrews 11:26 reviling because of
  9. Hebrews 11:26 NU, M of
  10. Hebrews 11:31 were disobedient
  11. Hebrews 11:37 NU omits were tempted
  12. Hebrews 12:2 originator
  13. Hebrews 12:2 perfecter
  14. Hebrews 12:5 discipline
  15. Hebrews 12:7 NU, M It is for discipline that you endure; God
  16. Hebrews 12:11 discipline
  17. Hebrews 12:16 godless
  18. Hebrews 12:18 NU to that which
  19. Hebrews 12:18 NU gloom
  20. Hebrews 12:20 NU, M omit the rest of v. 20.
  21. Hebrews 12:23 festal gathering
  22. Hebrews 12:26 NU will shake
  23. Hebrews 12:28 M omits may
  24. Hebrews 13:7 lead
  25. Hebrews 13:9 NU, M away
  26. Hebrews 13:12 set apart
  27. Hebrews 13:15 Lit. confessing
  28. Hebrews 13:17 lead
  29. Hebrews 13:21 perfect
  30. Hebrews 13:21 NU, M us
  31. Hebrews 13:24 lead

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