Preparing the Passover

22 (A)Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is called the (B)Passover, was approaching. And the chief priests and the scribes (C)were trying to find [a]a way to put Him to death, since they were afraid of the people.

(D)And (E)Satan entered Judas, the one called Iscariot, [b]who belonged to the number of the twelve. And he left and discussed with the chief priests and (F)officers how he was to betray Him to them. And they were delighted, and agreed to give him money. And so he consented, and began looking for a good opportunity to betray Him to them [c]away from the crowd.

(G)Now the first day of Unleavened Bread came, on which (H)the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed. And so Jesus sent (I)Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, so that we may eat it.” They said to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare it?” 10 And He said to them, “When you have entered the city, a man carrying a pitcher of water will meet you; follow him into the house that he enters. 11 And you shall say to the owner of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”’ 12 And he will show you a large, furnished upstairs room; prepare it there.” 13 And they left and found everything just as He had told them; and they prepared the Passover.

The Lord’s Supper

14 (J)When the hour came, He reclined at the table, and (K)the apostles with Him. 15 And He said to them, “I have eagerly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I say to you, I shall not eat it again (L)until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.” 17 (M)And when He had taken a cup and (N)given thanks, He said, “Take this and share it among yourselves; 18 for (O)I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine from now on until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And when He had taken some bread and (P)given thanks, He broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body, which is being given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.” 20 And in the same way He took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup, which is (Q)poured out for you, is the (R)new covenant in My blood. 21 (S)But behold, the hand of the one betraying Me is with [d]Mine on the table. 22 For indeed, the Son of Man is going (T)as it has been determined; but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!” 23 And they began to debate among themselves which one of them it was who was going to do this.

Who Is Greatest

24 And (U)a dispute also developed among them as to which one of them was regarded as being the greatest. 25 (V)And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles domineer over them; and those who have authority over them are called ‘Benefactors.’ 26 But it is not this way for you; (W)rather, the one who is the greatest among you must become like (X)the youngest, and the leader like the servant. 27 For (Y)who is greater, the one who reclines at the table or the one who serves? Is it not the one who reclines at the table? But (Z)I am among you as the one who serves.

28 “You are the ones who have stood by Me in My (AA)trials; 29 and just as My Father has granted Me a (AB)kingdom, I grant you 30 that you may (AC)eat and drink at My table in My (AD)kingdom, and (AE)you will sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

31 “Simon, Simon, behold, (AF)Satan has [e]demanded to (AG)sift you men like wheat; 32 but I (AH)have prayed for [f]you, that [g]your faith will not fail; and [h]you, when you have [i]turned back, (AI)strengthen your brothers.” 33 (AJ)But he said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You both to prison and to death!” 34 But He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow today until you have denied three times that you know Me.”

35 And He said to them, (AK)When I sent you out without money belt and bag and sandals, you did not lack anything, did you?” They said, “No, nothing.” 36 And He said to them, “But now, [j]whoever has a money belt is to take it along, likewise also a bag, and [k]whoever has no sword is to sell his [l]cloak and buy one. 37 For I tell you that this which is written must be fulfilled in Me: ‘(AL)And He was counted with wrongdoers’; for (AM)that which refers to Me has its [m]fulfillment.” 38 They said, “Lord, look, here are two (AN)swords.” And He said to them, “It is enough.”

The Garden of Gethsemane

39 (AO)And He came out and went, (AP)as was His habit, to (AQ)the Mount of Olives; and the disciples also followed Him. 40 (AR)Now when He arrived at the place, He said to them, (AS)Pray that you do not come into temptation.” 41 And He withdrew from them about a stone’s throw, and He (AT)knelt down and began to pray, 42 saying, “Father, if You are willing, remove this (AU)cup from Me; (AV)yet not My will, but Yours be done.” 43 [[n]Now an (AW)angel from heaven appeared to Him, strengthening Him. 44 And (AX)being in agony, He was praying very fervently; and His sweat became like drops of blood, falling down upon the ground]. 45 When He rose from prayer, He came to the disciples and found them sleeping from sorrow, 46 and He said to them, “Why are you sleeping? Get up and (AY)pray that you do not come into temptation.”

Jesus Betrayed by Judas

47 (AZ)While He was still speaking, behold, a crowd came, and the one called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading the way for them; and he approached Jesus to kiss Him. 48 But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?” 49 When those who were around Him saw what was going to happen, they said, “Lord, shall we strike with the (BA)sword?” 50 And one of them struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But Jesus responded and said, [o]Stop! No more of this.” And He touched his ear and healed him. 52 And Jesus said to the chief priests and (BB)officers of the temple and elders who had come against Him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs (BC)as you would against a man inciting a revolt? 53 While I was with you daily in the temple, you did not lay hands on Me; but [p]this hour and the power of darkness are yours.”

Jesus’ Arrest

54 (BD)Now they arrested Him and led Him away, and brought Him to the house of the high priest; but (BE)Peter was following at a distance. 55 (BF)After they kindled a fire in the middle of (BG)the courtyard and sat down together, Peter was sitting among them. 56 And a slave woman, seeing him as he sat in the firelight, and staring at him, said, “This man was with Him as well.” 57 But he denied it, saying, “I do not know Him, woman!” 58 And a little later, (BH)another person saw him and said, “You are one of them too!” But Peter said, “Man, I am not!” 59 And after about an hour had passed, some other man began to insist, saying, “Certainly this man also was with Him, (BI)for he, too, is a Galilean.” 60 But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are talking about!” And immediately, while he was still speaking, a rooster crowed. 61 And then (BJ)the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had told him, (BK)Before a rooster crows today, you will deny Me three times.” 62 And he went out and wept bitterly.

63 (BL)The men who were holding [q]Jesus in custody began mocking Him and beating Him, 64 and they blindfolded Him and repeatedly asked Him, saying, “(BM)Prophesy, who is the one who hit You?” 65 And they were saying many other things against Him, (BN)blaspheming.

Jesus before the Sanhedrin

66 (BO)When it was day, (BP)the [r]Council of elders of the people assembled, both chief priests and scribes, and they led Him away to their (BQ)council chamber, saying, 67 (BR)If You are the [s]Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will not believe; 68 and if I ask a question, you will not answer. 69 (BS)But from now on (BT)the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God.” 70 And they all said, “So You are (BU)the Son of God?” And He said to them, (BV)You say correctly that I am.” 71 And then they said, “What further need do we have of testimony? For we have heard it ourselves from His own mouth!”

Jesus before Pilate

23 Then the entire assembly of them set out and (BW)brought Him before Pilate. (BX)And they began to bring charges against Him, saying, “We found this man (BY)misleading our nation and (BZ)forbidding us to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is [t]Christ, a King.” Now Pilate asked Him, saying, “So You are the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, (CA)It is as you say.” But Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “(CB)I find no grounds for charges in the case of this man.” But they kept on insisting, saying, “He is stirring up the people, teaching all over Judea, (CC)starting from Galilee, as far as this place!”

Now when Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to (CD)Herod, [u]since he also was in Jerusalem [v]at this time.

Jesus before Herod

Now Herod was overjoyed when he saw Jesus; for (CE)he had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some [w]sign performed by Him. And he questioned Him [x]at some length; but (CF)He offered him no answer at all. 10 Now the chief priests and the scribes stood there, vehemently charging Him. 11 And Herod, together with his soldiers, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, (CG)dressing Him in a brightly shining robe, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 And so (CH)Herod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for previously, they had been enemies toward each other.

Pilate Seeks Jesus’ Release

13 Now Pilate summoned to himself the chief priests, the [y](CI)rulers, and the people, 14 and he said to them, “You brought this man to me on the ground that (CJ)he is inciting the people to revolt; and behold, after examining Him before you, I (CK)have found no basis at all in the case of this man for the charges which you are bringing against Him. 15 No, nor has (CL)Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him. 16 Therefore I will [z](CM)punish Him and release Him.” 17 [[aa]Now he was obligated to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]

18 But they cried out all together, saying, “(CN)Away with this man, and release to us Barabbas!” 19 (He was one who had been thrown into prison for a revolt that took place in the city, and for murder.) 20 But Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, 21 but they kept on crying out, saying, “Crucify, crucify Him!” 22 And he said to them a third time, “Why, what has this man done wrong? I have found [ab]in His case no grounds for a sentence of death; therefore I will [ac](CO)punish Him and release Him.” 23 But they were insistent, with loud voices, demanding that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. 24 And so Pilate decided to have their demand carried out. 25 And he released the man for whom they were asking, who had been thrown into prison for a revolt and murder; but he handed Jesus over to their will.

Simon Carries the Cross

26 (CP)And when they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of (CQ)Cyrene, as he was coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross to carry behind Jesus.

27 Now following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were [ad](CR)mourning and grieving for Him. 28 But Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For behold, days are coming when they will say, ‘(CS)Blessed are those who cannot bear, and the wombs that have not given birth, and the breasts that have not nursed.’ 30 Then they will begin to (CT)say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us.’ 31 For if they do these things [ae]when the tree is green, what will happen [af]when it is dry?”

32 (CU)Now two others, who were criminals, were also being led away to be put to death with Him.

The Crucifixion

33 (CV)And when they came to the place called [ag]The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 [[ah]But Jesus was saying, (CW)Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.”] (CX)And they cast lots, dividing His garments among themselves. 35 And the people stood by, watching. And even the (CY)rulers were sneering at Him, saying, “He saved others; (CZ)let Him save Himself if this is the [ai]Christ of God, His Chosen One.” 36 The soldiers also ridiculed Him, coming up to Him, (DA)offering Him sour wine, 37 and saying, “(DB)If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!” 38 Now there was also an inscription above Him, “(DC)THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

39 (DD)One of the criminals who were hanged there was [aj]hurling abuse at Him, saying, “Are You not the [ak]Christ? (DE)Save Yourself and us!” 40 But the other responded, and rebuking him, said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving [al]what we deserve for our crimes; but this man has done nothing wrong.” 42 And he was saying, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom!” 43 And He said to him, “Truly I say to you, today you will be with Me in (DF)Paradise.”

44 (DG)It was now about [am](DH)the sixth hour, and darkness came over the entire land until [an]the ninth hour, 45 [ao]because the sun stopped shining; and (DI)the veil of the temple was torn [ap]in two. 46 And Jesus, (DJ)crying out with a loud voice, said, “Father, (DK)into Your hands I entrust My spirit.” And having said this, He [aq]died. 47 (DL)Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he began (DM)praising God, saying, “This man was in fact [ar]innocent.” 48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, after watching what had happened, began to return home, [as](DN)beating their chests. 49 (DO)And all His acquaintances and (DP)the women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things.

Jesus Is Buried

50 (DQ)And a man named Joseph, who was a (DR)member of the Council, a good and righteous man 51 (he had not consented to their plan and action), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was (DS)waiting for the kingdom of God— 52 this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever lain. 54 It was a [at](DT)preparation day, and a Sabbath was about to [au]begin. 55 Now (DU)the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed, and they saw the tomb and how His body was laid. 56 And then they returned and (DV)prepared spices and perfumes.

And (DW)on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.


  1. Luke 22:2 Lit how they were to
  2. Luke 22:3 Or possibly since he belonged; lit being of the
  3. Luke 22:6 Or without a disturbance
  4. Luke 22:21 Lit Me
  5. Luke 22:31 Or asked for you men, to sift you
  6. Luke 22:32 Gr singular, referring only to Peter
  7. Luke 22:32 Gr singular, referring only to Peter
  8. Luke 22:32 Gr singular, referring only to Peter
  9. Luke 22:32 I.e., repented
  10. Luke 22:36 Lit he who
  11. Luke 22:36 Lit he who
  12. Luke 22:36 Or outer garment
  13. Luke 22:37 Lit end
  14. Luke 22:43 Most early mss do not contain vv 43 and 44
  15. Luke 22:51 Or “Leave him alone! No more
  16. Luke 22:53 Lit this is your hour and the power of darkness
  17. Luke 22:63 Lit Him
  18. Luke 22:66 Or Sanhedrin
  19. Luke 22:67 I.e., Messiah
  20. Luke 23:2 I.e., the Messiah
  21. Luke 23:7 Lit himself also being in
  22. Luke 23:7 Lit in these days
  23. Luke 23:8 I.e., confirming miracle
  24. Luke 23:9 Lit in considerable words
  25. Luke 23:13 I.e., other Jewish leaders
  26. Luke 23:16 I.e., by scourging
  27. Luke 23:17 Most early mss do not contain this v
  28. Luke 23:22 Lit in Him no
  29. Luke 23:22 I.e., by scourging
  30. Luke 23:27 Lit beating their breasts
  31. Luke 23:31 Lit in the green tree
  32. Luke 23:31 Lit in the dry
  33. Luke 23:33 Gr Kranion, Lat Calvaria (Calvary)
  34. Luke 23:34 Most early mss do not contain But Jesus was saying...doing
  35. Luke 23:35 I.e., Messiah
  36. Luke 23:39 Or blaspheming
  37. Luke 23:39 I.e., Messiah
  38. Luke 23:41 Lit things worthy of what we have done
  39. Luke 23:44 I.e., noon
  40. Luke 23:44 I.e., 3 p.m.
  41. Luke 23:45 Lit the sun failing
  42. Luke 23:45 Lit in the middle
  43. Luke 23:46 Lit expired
  44. Luke 23:47 Lit righteous
  45. Luke 23:48 I.e., as a traditional sign of mourning or contrition
  46. Luke 23:54 I.e., preparation for the Sabbath
  47. Luke 23:54 Lit dawn

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