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Bible News Roundup – Week of April 17, 2016

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Diboll, Texas Police Patch with Bible Reference Nixed
News West 9
Read Matthew 5:9 on Bible Gateway

Tennessee House Fails to Override Governor’s Veto of Bill Declaring Bible State Book
Knoxville News Sentinel

Parents Push Back After Texas School District Removes Bible Verse From Website
CBN News

Bono Makes ‘Psalms’ Film with The Message Bible Translator Eugene Peterson
Read Psalms in The Message on Bible Gateway

Trauma Healing with the Bible: A New Missions Focus
Mission Network News

Bible Found Unscathed After Fire Burns Through Retirement Community
PIX 11 News

Woman Wants Deceased Husband’s Bible Returned

New Report Weighs Impact of Christian Exodus on Middle East
Christian Headlines

73% US Catholics Rely Heavily on Their Conscience, Not the Bible, For Moral Guidance
Fact Tank
Blog post: CNN: A Catholic Reads the Bible

Why Were Some Books Left Out of the Bible?
The Good Book Blog

Purls of Wisdom in Newport, Wales as Knitted Bible Goes on Show
South Wales Argus

See other Bible News Roundup weekly posts

Holy Land Moments Devotional: Exploring the Jewish Roots of Christianity

The season of Passover is April 22-30, 2016.
Browse resources for Passover in the Bible Gateway Store.

holylandmomentsDo you wish you knew more about the Jewish background of Scripture? Are you curious about the ways that the Christian faith connects to its roots in Jewish history and culture? This April, Bible Gateway invites you to join us for a free two-week devotional experience that explores the Jewish roots of Christianity: Holy Land Moments.

Holy Land Moments is a brief daily devotional that offers a short reflection on Scripture with additional insight from Jewish teachers and thinkers. It’s written by Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein of the International Fellowship of Christians and Jews. Each reading also includes a Hebrew Word of the Day (with an audio pronunciation). It’s written to bring a new historical and cultural perspective to familiar Bible texts. Sign up by clicking here to visit our Newsletters page.

We’re timing the Holy Land Moments devotional to take place during the Jewish festival period of Passover (known as pesach in Hebrew). Passover is a commemoration of one of the key events in the history of Israel: the rescue of God’s people from slavery in Egypt. Passover is an important historical and theological moment for both Jews and Christians, and we thought it appropriate to observe it with a devotional that explores the connecting points between Jewish history and Christianity.

Click here to sign up for Holy Land Moments—just check the box next to Holy Land Moments and then provide your email address to the right. Holy Land Moments starts April 24 near the beginning of Passover (April 22) and continues for two weeks. If you’re interested in the Jewish roots of Christianity, or are just looking for something slightly different in your devotional reading, this is a perfect chance to try something new! Sign up today, and share it with your interested friends!

Unlocking the Secrets of the Old Testament Feasts: An Interview with Michael Norten

The season of Easter began March 27, 2016 and ends May 15, 2016 (Pentecost).
Passover is April 22-30, 2016.
Browse resources for Easter and Passover in the Bible Gateway Store.

Click to email Michael NortenAmazing prophecies of God’s plans for the world can be found embedded in the customs of the feasts of Israel. The intricate detail of the prophecies illustrated in the observances of these feasts provide insight into God’s plan for the ages.

In time for the feast of Passover, Bible Gateway interviewed Michael Norten about his book, Unlocking the Secrets of the Feasts: The Prophecies in the Feasts of Leviticus (Thomas Nelson, 2015).

Click to buy your copy of Unlocking the Secrets of the Feasts in the Bible Gateway Store

[Sign up to explore the Jewish roots of Scripture with the new “Holy Land Moments” limited-time email devotional]

Why are feasts in the Bible considered important?

Michael Norten: Many Christians are not aware of how really important these biblical feasts are to our understanding of our salvation and the plans God has for mankind. When I discovered their importance, I was overwhelmed. They’re God’s game plan or playbill for his total redemptive plan performed by Jesus Christ, presented in seven festivals. This way we can learn through activity and fellowship. God wants us to learn about him through all five of our senses. I found that I can teach the whole council of God or all of systematic theology by using the feasts as the outline or headings.

What feasts are described in the Bible?

Michael Norten: The Bible describes the Spring feasts: Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of First Fruits, and Pentecost. It also describes the Fall feasts: Rosh Hashanah (feast of trumpets or blowing), Yom Kippur (day of atonement), and the Feast of Tabernacles. The feasts are mentioned in several places in the Scriptures, but are expounded upon in Exodus 12 and Leviticus 23.

What is the significance that these feasts are observed in Spring and Fall?

Michael Norten: The Spring feasts are observed in the harvest season, because the harvests picture so much in Christ’s redemptive plan. Primarily, though, the Spring feasts picture the major events of Christ’s first coming to this earth. Then the Fall feasts picture the major events of Christ’s second coming. It’s quite interesting that there are several months between the Spring and Fall feasts, because that break seems to picture the many years between the two comings in which we call the age of grace or the church age.

How do the feasts work together as a message from God?

Michael Norten: First of all, God said in Leviticus 23:1-2 that these times are his appointed times. They are not Israel’s or the church’s appointed times. Secondly, Christ fulfilled the feasts on the very day of each feast, by his appointed actions. He was crucified on Passover, buried on the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, rose on the Feast of First Fruits, and brought the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. I believe that Christ will fulfill the Fall feasts just as explicitly in his second coming.

What is the origin of the Passover feast?

Michael Norten: In Exodus 12:2-3 God told the people the instructions for the Passover feast. It was to be a way to teach the children and further generations about how God rescued His people out of Egypt. Now it’s also a teaching method to illustrate how Christ provided salvation.

What elements comprise the Passover feast?

Michael Norten: Last year I performed three Seder or Passover dinners. The dinner and program is done according to a program outline called the Haggadah. The presentation plate or Seder plate has several elements: bitter herbs, shank bone, vegetable, horseradish, roasted egg, and charoset. They all have a story behind them, but two of the most interesting elements are the cups of wine and the matzah bread (unleavened bread).

The matzah bread is interesting because it appears to be pierced, bruised, and striped, making a picture similar to Isaiah 53:5-6. Also, the four cups represent the four promises that God gave in Exodus 6:6-7. The names given to the cups are: 1) cup of sanctification, 2) cup of praise, 3) cup of redemption, and 4) cup of the kingdom. The third cup is the one that Jesus held up to announce his shedding of blood and the covenant (Matt. 26:28). This is the cup that we drink at the observance of communion. It’s interesting that Jesus didn’t drink of the fourth cup, because he will have us all drink of that cup together when we’re in the kingdom.

A rabbi explained to me that the third cup is also the cup of betrothal and the fourth is the cup of consummation. When a man proposes to a prospective bride, he offers her a cup of wine. If she accepts and drinks the cup, he tells her that he will go to his father’s house to prepare a place for her. When we drink of the communion cup, we’re relaying to Christ that we accept our betrothal to him as the bride and will live a holy life waiting for his return. When the wedding of the bride and groom has been consummated, they drink the cup of consummation together at the marriage feast. We’ll drink that cup when we’re all together with Jesus at the marriage supper of the Lamb in the kingdom.

How does Passover reflect the gospel?

Michael Norten: It reflects the gospel much like the communion service does, but with more detail. It’s fascinating that when the families took their lamb to be sacrificed, they wanted to make sure that they got their personal lamb back for the family meal. They would get a bronze plate with their family name on it and put it around the lamb’s neck with a red lanyard. When Pilot placed the sign above Jesus on the cross that read, “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews,” he had it written in three languages: Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. When artists painted Christ on the cross, they took the first letters of the title in Latin spelling INRI to depict the sign for sake of room. It is astounding that when you do the same thing in the Hebrew, it spells YHVH, the Tetragrammaton form of Yahweh! God wanted his Lamb back, which he did at the resurrection. He put his name on his Lamb for his family, which consist of those of us who have accepted Christ as our savior.

What other secrets of feasts does your book unlock?

Michael Norten: There are so many prophecies and teachings that are unlocked, but here’s one that I’d like to mention. I was always puzzled about Jesus not wanting Mary at the tomb to touch him, because he hadn’t been glorified, yet. I was reading Josephus’ work to find out his take on the Feast of First Fruits. He mentioned that they were not allowed to touch the barley until the first fruits were presented to God at the temple. Jesus was described as the first fruits of those who were asleep in 1 Corinthians 15:20. He told Mary that he was going to the Father. That made all the sense in the world. He was the First Fruits. After he had apparently made a quick trip to the Father and back, he allowed Thomas to touch him.

Is there anything else you’d like to say?

Michael Norten: One of the most meaningful discoveries that I found is about the care of the lambs. Micah 4:8 says that the Messiah would be announced at the tower of the flock. That’s significant, because the shepherds that were in the field when the angel announced Christ’s birth used the tower of the flock to aid in the birthing of the lambs, because they were shepherding priests that provided the lambs for sacrifices at the temple. They would wrap the newborn lambs with strips of cloths made from recycled priestly undergarments to protect them from blemish. Then they gently place them on the manger to keep them from being trampled. When the shepherding priests saw baby Jesus prepared just like their lambs, they were so excited, beyond description. It was a personal sign to them that only they would have understood. We need to be just as excited about the coming of our Savior. He has given us many more signs of His soon return.

What are your thoughts about Bible Gateway and the Bible Gateway App?

Michael Norten: I use Bible Gateway all the time. It is a Godsend for so many. I used it profusely while writing my book. The search engine and study tools are so handy no matter where you are. I don’t remember when I first discovered Bible Gateway, but I have used it ever since and many of my friends depend on it.

Bio: Michael Norten received a ThM from Dallas Theological Seminary in 1974. He has served on staff of a number of ministries such as Campus Crusade for Christ and Search Ministries, and served as a Bible instructor in Bible conferences and institutes. He was an associate pastor of Lewisville Bible Church in Lewisville, Texas, and served as interim pastor and pulpit supply for some churches in North Texas. He has been teaching the Bible for over 40 years. After authoring the book, Unlocking the Secrets of the Feasts, published in 2012 and 2015, Michael has been teaching and speaking at churches about Bible prophecy as well as the prophecies imbedded in the seven feasts of Leviticus 23.

Perspective: Bible Still Most Accepted Despite Being Included on ALA List of Top 10 Most Challenged Books

According to a new report, the Bible is among the most criticized books at public schools and libraries across the country. Out of 275 challenges in 2015 recorded by the American Library Association (ALA) Office for Intellectual Freedom, the Bible ranks in the top ten at number six.

The ALA says people complaining think putting the Bible on library shelves violates the separation of church and state, but that’s really not the case. James LaRue, director of the ALA Office for Intellectual Freedom, says the library association does not oppose having Bibles in public schools. He says the Bible does not violate the separation of church and state as long as the library does not endorse or promote the views included in the Bible.

“The Bible has been criticized, challenged, and banned by individuals, groups, and governments through centuries of persecution yet it remains the singular, most popular, life-changing literary work in the world because of its unique inspiration (2 Tim. 3:16-17), and Bible Gateway is committed to making it accessible wherever people are,” says Rachel Barach, general manager, Bible Gateway.

Barach says it’s important to keep in mind that the ALA list is based on a relatively small number of challenges, and that the Bible continues to be overwhelmingly accepted by people around the world. For example, “the Bible is read on Bible Gateway by people from more than 240 countries or territories, including China, Vietnam, Cuba, and North Korea,” says Barach.

The ALA report goes on to quote The Harris Poll of 2244 Americans, saying a third of the respondents (33%) don’t think children should be able to get the Koran from their school library and 29% say the same of the Torah or Talmud. And 26% don’t think children should be able to get books that question the existence of a divine being or beings from school libraries. But Americans are least opposed to restricting children’s school library access to the Bible (only 13%).

The Bible is currently crowned “America’s favorite” in another recent Harris Poll. In 2014, the same as in 2008 when The Harris Poll last asked the question “What is your favorite book of all time?,” the number one answer was the Bible.

According to a report by United Bible Societies, the full Bible is now available in 563 languages spoken by nearly 5.1 billion people and a further 1,334 languages spoken by 658 million people have a New Testament. This leaves 281 million people with only some portions of the Bible and a further 497 million people with no Scripture translated in their language at all.

The above numbers indicate much work remains to be done to bring the Bible to languages where it does not yet exist, and to make the Bible available to those who want to read it but are prevented from doing so by the censorship of an anti-Christian government. But the Bible’s broad availability—online and in print—and its acceptance and prominence in American public life should be a source of encouragement for both Christians and advocates for intellectual freedom.

Zondervan Releases NIV Zondervan Study Bible iOS App

Click to browse the many available editions of the NIV Zondervan Study Bible in the Bible Gateway StoreThe acclaimed NIV Zondervan Study Bible (website) is now available in a convenient and elegant mobile app.

Just eight months ago, Zondervan added a vital new member to its study Bible family, the NIV Zondervan Study Bible, spearheaded by general editor and The Gospel Coalition co-founder, D.A. Carson. Now Zondervan’s new, dedicated iOS app brings the best of evangelical biblical scholarship to an even broader spectrum of Bible readers.

[See our blogpost: Accolades for the New NIV Zondervan Study Bible.]

An added bonus when you purchase the NIV Zondervan Study Bible print edition: you’ll get a code to gain free digital access (a $19.99 value) to its comprehensive study notes, maps, charts, articles and more from your computer or mobile device through Bible Gateway and Olive Tree.

The full text of the New International Version of the Bible, the world’s most read and most trusted modern-English Bible translation, grounds the distinctive features and functions of the NIV Zondervan Study Bible app. The applicable, hands-on study tools provided in the print version are now available in an intuitive and searchable format through the new app.

Click to enlarge this image of the NIV Zondervan Study Bible iOS App

Supporting the project’s unique goal of “unpacking God’s story,” the new app’s features include nearly 20,000 new, comprehensive verse-by-verse study notes and hundreds of four-color images, including over 70 informative charts, more than 90 maps, and hundreds of photos. The NIV Zondervan Study Bible app will help Bible students from every walk of life grow deeper in their understanding of Scripture as God’s story.

The NIV Zondervan Study Bible app also houses a library of 28 relevant and theologically rich articles that track the development of the Bible’s themes, such as covenant, the Bible and theology, and love and grace, written by award-winning authors like D.A. Carson, Tim Keller, Kevin DeYoung, Philip Johnston, and many other trusted evangelical pastors and biblical scholars.

The NIV Zondervan Bible Study app provides numerous digital-only benefits to Bible students in its searchable index of topics, charts, maps, images, study notes, and complete Old and New Testaments. An adjustable split screen displays the Bible text and main study notes together, and a resources button gives options for images and study aids related to the text being read. Users can also add personal notes, highlights, and bookmarks for future reference or to make their own personal studies. Through select-and-share options, readers can share text and notes on Twitter, Facebook, text, email and others. The app’s font size is adjustable for comfortable reading, with the option to display the Words of Christ in red. The NIV Zondervan Study Bible app has been optimized for iPad and iPhone and allows readers to buy the app once and use it on both devices. An Android app will be coming soon.

Under the guidance of Carson, the text of the NIV Zondervan Study Bible represents the work of associate editors Richard S. Hess, T.D. Alexander, Douglas J. Moo, and assistant editor Andrew David Naselli, as well as 60 additional contributors. Says Tim Keller, pastor of Redeemer Presbyterian Church in New York City, “This NIV Zondervan Study Bible is a tremendous tool for informed Bible reading and study. The notes are written by the best assembly I’ve seen of faithful, international scholars.” More information is available at

About Zondervan
Zondervan is a world-leading Bible publisher and provider of Christian communications. Zondervan, as part of HarperCollins Christian Publishing, Inc., delivers transformational Christian experiences through its bestselling Bibles, books, curriculum, academic resources and digital products. The Company’s products are sold worldwide and translated into nearly 200 languages. Zondervan offices are located in Grand Rapids, MI. For additional information, please visit

The NIV Zondervan Study Bible, featuring Dr. D.A. Carson as general editor, is built on the truth of Scripture and centered on the gospel message. It’s a comprehensive undertaking of crafted study notes and tools to present a biblical theology of God’s special revelation in the Scripture.

How Is a Bible Made?

Have you ever wondered how your Bible was made? I’m not referring to the long history of inspiration, preservation, and translation that brought God’s Word through the ages of history to our bookshelves today—I’m talking about the physical process of creating a printed Bible. Our friends at Crossway have published an interesting video tour of a Bible bindery in the Netherlands:

[Browse the Bible section in the Bible Gateway Store]

Crossway’s blog has a detailed write-up about the process of printing and binding a high-quality Bible, as well as related posts about the Bible covers and Bible paper. (The specific Bible in question here is the English Standard Version, which you can read online here at Bible Gateway, or purchase in print at the Bible Gateway Store.)

Letters to the Church: Paul’s Letter to the Galatians

Did you know that most of the books that comprise the New Testament are actually letters? These letters (also known as “epistles”) contain both general Christian teaching and specific instructions for the congregation to which they were addressed. As part of our Letters to the Church series, we’re taking a brief look at each epistle in the New Testament. This week, we look at one of Paul’s shorter and most focused letters: his epistle to the Galatians.

[See commentaries on Galatians in the Bible Gateway Store]

[See other Blog posts in the Letters to the Church series]

Paul’s Letter to the Galatians

Start Reading it Here: Galatians 1

When was it written? Uncertain, but likely around A.D. 50. It might be one of Paul’s earliest known letters.

To whom was it written? “Galatians” could refer to people living in at least two different parts of the Roman empire, so we don’t know for certain—but this letter was probably written to the network of early Christian churches in the Roman province of Galatia (modern-day central Turkey).

Why was it written? As is often the case with Paul’s letters, the epistle to the Galatians was written to address a specific problem in the recipients’ communities. In this case, the problem was caused by “Judaizers:” Jewish Christians who insisted that Gentile (non-Jewish) converts to Christianity must abide by Jewish traditions (notably circumcision). In the early years of the Christian church, as the Gospel message spread far beyond its geographic roots in Palestine and out into the wide Gentile world, the question “What must I do to be saved?” needed a clear and decisive answer. Paul composed this letter to settle the matter once and for all.

What does it say? Unlike some of Paul’s other letters, which cover a wide range of themes and topics, the epistle to the Galatians is short and focused. Threats to the early church’s spiritual health usually came from the hostile pagan world, in the form of sinful vice, un-Christian philosophies, or the temptation to backslide. But the threat facing the Galatian churches came from within, and it probably had good intentions: it came from Christians who couldn’t accept that the Gospel of Jesus Christ was truly free.

Today, Christians are quite familiar with the idea of salvation as a free gift of God—no strings attached. But many early Christians, particularly those from Jewish backgrounds, struggled to believe that something as momentous as salvation didn’t come with a few rules and requirements. If the Gospel of Jesus Christ was the culmination of God’s covenant with Israel, it made sense to them that the behavioral rules of that old covenant still applied.

But a Gospel that came with rules wasn’t truly free. Paul insists that any gospel which requires humans to jump through behavioral hoops is no longer the gospel of Jesus Christ; it’s an entirely different, false gospel; a “gospel contrary to the one you received.” The price of redemption was paid by Jesus Christ alone; it can’t be earned by observing rituals or carrying out the “right” behaviors.

Noteworthy passages:

  • Galatians 3:1-14: Belief in Jesus Christ, not adherence to laws and rituals, is the core of the Gospel.
  • Galatians 4:8-11: Paul is exasperated that the Galatians, having found freedom, are lapsing back into spiritual slavery.
  • Galatians 5:1: The Gospel offers freedom, not slavery to a new set of rules and laws.

What can we learn from Galatians? The book of Galatians outlines the important concept of Christian liberty—the idea that belief in Christ frees people from the impossible burden of being perfect and following all the rules. This is a more difficult concept to accept than you might initially assume: although few Christians today insist on adherence to Jewish traditions, a look at church history through the centuries (and today!) makes it clear that humans just can’t resist adding rules and restrictions to the simple message of Jesus Christ. Those rules might be well-intentioned, and it might be wise to follow them… but the instant we imagine that following those rules is necessary for salvation, we’ve bought into the false gospel about which Paul warned the Galatians.

Consider these questions as you read Galatians today:

  • Does your experience with Christianity cause you to associate it with freedom, or with a list of rules to follow? What has shaped your perspective?
  • If extra rules encourage good behavior and don’t hurt anyone, why do you think Paul saw them as such a threat?
  • Throughout his letters, Paul urges Christians to behave righteously and in a God-honoring fashion. Does that contradict his message here about freedom from rules?
  • Imagine that you’ve received this letter from Paul. What might you write back to him in response?

Bible News Roundup – Week of April 10, 2016

Read this week’s Bible Gateway Weekly Brief newsletter
Bible Gateway Weekly Brief
Newsletter signup

Support Bible Gateway—Browse the Bible Gateway Store

Zondervan Releases NIV Zondervan Study Bible iOS App
Bible Gateway Blog post
Learn more about the free award-winning Bible Gateway App

New Evidence on When Bible Was Written: Ancient Shopping Lists
The New York Times
TIME: Why the Bible May Have Been Written Earlier Than We Thought
See the Archaeology section in the Bible Gateway Store

Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam Vetoes Bible Bill
The Tennessean

Adventist Scholars Organize Key Conference on Origins of Bible’s First 5 Books
Adventist Review
Read about the Pentateuch from Smith’s Bible Names Dictionary on Bible Gateway
Read the book of Genesis on Bible Gateway

Religion in Everyday Life: 42% of Christians Believe Reading the Bible is Essential to Faith
Pew Research Center

Video: Church Ushers Create the Mood for Worship
Religion & Ethics Newsweekly
See resources for ushers in the Bible Gateway Store

Inscribed 1755 King James Pocket Bible Carried into the Battle of Bunker Hill by a Massachusetts Soldier Auctioned for $161,000
ABC News

Christian Resources International To Send $3 Million Worth of Bibles to Hong Kong, Ghana, and Kenya
Mission Network News

Troup, TX Independent School District Removes Bible Reference from Website after Complaint by Anti-Religion Group
Tyler Morning Telegraph
Read 1 Samuel 17:48 on Bible Gateway

Bible Removed from POW Display at Dayton, Ohio Medical Center
Dayton Daily News

Risk of Collapse at Jesus’ Tomb Unites Rival Christians
The New York Times

See other Bible News Roundup weekly posts

The Unexpected Christian Century: An Interview with Scott Sunquist

Scott W. SunquistIn 1900 Western “Christian empires” were ruling most of the world, leading many to assume Western Christianity would dominate the 20th century. What happened instead is that Christianity in the West declined dramatically, the empires collapsed, and Christianity’s center moved to Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Pacific. How did epochal changes in global Christianity happen so quickly?

Bible Gateway interviewed Scott W. Sunquist about his book, The Unexpected Christian Century: The Reversal and Transformation of Global Christianity, 1900-2000 (Baker Academic, 2015).

Click to buy your copy of The Unexpected Christian Century in the Bible Gateway Store

What do you mean when you write, “The 20th century surprised the religionists, the historians, and the politicians”?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: In 1900 religionists—people following and studying religions—assumed Islam would become the religion of Africa. They were wrong. They thought Christianity would remain strong in the West. They were wrong. They assumed Christianity would continue to look Mainline, Catholic, and Orthodox. They were wrong: Pentecostalism was not even a concept at the time.

Historians were wrong because they and politicians were progressive; they thought everything would get better and better. The Russian Revolution, Armenian genocide, and the Great War put all those ideas to bed.

Explain the three great transformation time periods in Christianity you identify and briefly explain them.

Dr. Scott Sunquist: The three great transformations were the 4th century, 16th century, and 20th century. In the first, Christianity went from a persecution religion of the marginalized to the royal religion of the Roman Empire. Its survival was assured, but it also was transformed by being part of an imperial culture. It was no longer the religion of the humble savior born in a manger.

The 16th century transformation was two-fold. Christianity went from two major “families” (Orthodox and Roman) to four families: Protestant and Spiritual were added. These four families continue to this day. The other transformation was even more important. Christianity had been trapped in the small peninsula called Western Europe. It broke out and in less than a century, Christianity was developing along the coasts of Africa and Asia, and throughout all of Latin America.

The final transformation was the 20th century, and that’s what The Unexpected Christian Century is about.

Why did Christianity, an originally Asian religion, become a predominantly Euro-American religion?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: It’s all about politics and culture. Christianity never found a benevolent emperor in Asia except for Armenia (Tiradates III) and a small client kingdom of Osrhoene (King Abgar V). When emperor after emperor in Europe supported the church, it flourished. The idea of pluralism or multiple faiths was not really an option. For most all of human history, people assume that the ruler determines the religion. Thus, until the modern age of pluralism, Christianity had a difficult time in Asia.

What are the five lenses you use to observe Christianity in the 20th century?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: History can be told as a single story, but in doing so we usually tell it with one lens or, at most, two (politics, economics, or ideas are the major contenders). In this volume the third great transformation is illumined by looking at:

  1. politics and persecution
  2. migration
  3. four confessional families
  4. relationship to other faiths, and finally
  5. major biographies.

My personal favorite is looking at the 25 most influential Christians of the 20th century. They may not be the most influential, but they all were very influential in shaping this world religion as it became truly global in expression.

Who do you see as a few of the powerful personalities shaping Christianity?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: In the 20th century those great leaders of the church were less and less from the West. A fairly educated guess would posit that C.S. Lewis had greater impact than the great theologians. Karl Barth influenced the world of ideas and some of those ideas had an impact on global Christianity, but Lewis sold a lot more books and they’re translated in many more languages.

But someone like Oscar Romaro, the martyred archbishop of San Salvador has had an influence on all of Latin America and on much of North America.

The great Chinese evangelist John Sung probably had more influence on Christianity in Asia than Billy Graham did in the West (both of them made my list). He was a man of one book having read the Bible 40 times while he was in a mental hospital.

For length of ministry and breadth of influence, we would have to vote for Simon Kimbangu. He only had a five-month public ministry before being imprisoned for 30 years. He founded one of the largest African Initiated Churches; the first to join the World Council of Churches.

How did the flu have an impact on Christianity?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: The great flu pandemic of 1918-19 killed 50 million people globally in the first year. It came on the heals of the “Great War” and aided in a global financial collapse. On the heals of this, churches declined in Europe and Germany rearmed, already preparing for the next war. People were displaced globally which caused the spread of Christian faith. Thus, without drilling down too far we can say it aided in the spread and development of Christianity in some regions and aided the decline in other regions (mostly the West).

How did the global strategy and work of translating the Bible effect Christianity’s 20th century profile?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: Recently I wrote a blog post on A Historians Hunches about Future Trends in Mission. In this post, it’s the simple availability of the Scripture in the local language that’s the most important single factor in the development of Christianity. Even in the end of the 20th century, the Bible was critical for Roman Catholics in Africa, Latin America, and Asia. Latin American “base ecclesial communities” were reading the Bible in local communities.

What Bible passages played key roles in the transformation of Christianity through the centuries?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: The Bible passages that have been “critical” through the centuries have changed through the centuries. I would say in the late 20th century, where the major transformation took place, the verses that were most important were from the Gospels; for the Reformation it was the letters of Paul (Romans). Late 20th century Christians in Asia, Africa, and Latin America were (and are) driven by the example of Jesus (John 20:21, “As the Father sent me, so send I you” and the “Sermon on the Mount“) and the trajectory of Jesus (“Go”). I do not find that it’s only one passage (“Great Commission“), but it’s the gospel story of Jesus gathering and sending that has brought about the transformation. The Gospels are not delivered through the filter of the Enlightenment, but directly; unmediated. That’s where the power has been found that has brought about the great 20th century transformation.

What will Christianity in the 21st century be like?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: I’m a historian, not a prophet. The greatest minds of the Christian world got it wrong in 1900. I’m not as smart as they were, so I’ll have to pass on this. However, I’ve read the Bible and I’m pretty sure it has a wonderful and glorious ending.

What are your thoughts about Bible Gateway and the Bible Gateway App?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: I teach at the School of Intercultural Studies as Fuller which was formally called the School of World Mission. We’re always looking at innovations for the sake of God’s mission. Bible Gateway, making Scripture available in creative ways using newer technology is exactly what the church needs to do and what the world needs. Fuller was started by a radio evangelist. When Charles E. Fuller used radio, he was using the latest technology to get the Good News to all people. I think this is pleasing to God.

Is there anything else you’d like to say?

Dr. Scott Sunquist: Thank you for the opportunity to talk about some of these important themes. Thank you even more for the good work of Bible Gateway in “getting the Word out.”

Bio: Scott W. Sunquist is the Dean and Professor of World Christianity in the School of Intercultural Studies (@fuller_sis) at Fuller Theological Seminary (since 2012). Previously he taught missiology, Asian and western Christian history at Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, and before that he taught eight years at Trinity Theological College in Singapore (1987-1995).

Most of Dr. Sunquist’s writing is in the areas of Asian Christianity, global Christianity, and missiology. He’s the editor of A Dictionary of Asian Christianity (Eerdmans 2001) and co-author of A History of the World Christian Movement, Volume 1 (Orbis Books, 2001) and Volume 2 (2012), as well as Understanding Christian Mission: Participation in Suffering and Glory (Baker Academic, 2013). He also co-edited a volume with his daughter (Caroline N. Becker) of A History of Presbyterian Missions, 1944-2007 (WJK, 2008). Dr. Sunquist has a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of North Carolina, an MDiv from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, and a PhD from Princeton Theological Seminary. He and his wife Nancy have four grown children and six grandchildren.

A Coloring Page for You to Enjoy

If you happen to be “stuck” indoors on a cool and rainy Spring day, here’s a sample page from Bible Blessings & Promises Coloring Book for Adults (Product Concept Manufacturing, 2015) for you to print and enjoy. It illustrates Psalm 33:5.

Browse the Adult Coloring Book section of the Bible Gateway Store.



Click to buy your copy of Bible Blessings & Promises Coloring Book for Adults in the Bible Gateway Store