Isaiah 48

48 “Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel and have come forth out of the waters of Judah, who swear by the name of the Lord and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth nor in righteousness;

for they call themselves of the holy city and stand themselves upon the God of Israel—the Lord of Hosts is His name:

I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of My mouth, and I showed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew and thy brow brass,

I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I showed it thee, lest thou shouldest say, ‘Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image hath commanded them.’

Thou hast heard; see all this, and will not ye declare it? I have shown thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

They are created now and not from the beginning, even before the day when thou heardest them not, lest thou shouldest say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’

Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not, yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened; for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously and wast called a transgressor from the womb.

“For My name’s sake will I defer Mine anger, and for My praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 For Mine own sake, even for Mine own sake, will I do it; for how should My name be polluted? And I will not give My glory unto another.

12 “Hearken unto Me, O Jacob and Israel, My called: I am He; I am the First, I also am the Last.

13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and My right hand hath spanned the heavens; when I call unto them, they stand up together.

14 “All ye, assemble yourselves and hear. Who among them hath declared these things? The Lord hath loved him; He will do His pleasure on Babylon, and His arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him; I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.

16 “Come ye near unto Me; hear ye this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I; and now the Lord God and His Spirit hath sent Me.”

17 Thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: “I am the Lord thy God who teacheth thee to profit, who leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.

18 O that thou hadst hearkened to My commandments! Then had thy peace been as a river and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea.

19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy loins like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before Me.”

20 Go ye forth from Babylon! Flee ye from the Chaldeans! With a voice of singing declare ye; tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, “The Lord hath redeemed His servant Jacob.”

21 And they thirsted not when He led them through the deserts; He caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; He cleaved the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

22 “There is no peace,” saith the Lord, “unto the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

48  Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah; who swear by the name of Jehovah, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

(for they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; Jehovah of hosts is his name):

I have declared the former things from of old; yea, they went forth out of my mouth, and I showed them: suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

therefore I have declared it to thee from of old; before it came to pass I showed it thee; lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.

Thou hast heard it; behold all this; and ye, will ye not declare it? I have showed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, which thou hast not known.

They are created now, and not from of old; and before this day thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from of old thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou didst deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.

For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not as silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 For mine own sake, for mine own sake, will I do it; for how should my name be profaned? and my glory will I not give to another.

12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob, and Israel my called: I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

13 Yea, my hand hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spread out the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

14 Assemble yourselves, all ye, and hear; who among them hath declared these things? He whom Jehovah loveth shall perform his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him; I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.

16 Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; from the beginning I have not spoken in secret; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord Jehovah hath sent me, and his Spirit.

17 Thus saith Jehovah, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: I am Jehovah thy God, who teacheth thee to profit, who leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.

18 Oh that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:

19 thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the grains thereof: his name would not be cut off nor destroyed from before me.

20 Go ye forth from Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans; with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth: say ye, Jehovah hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace, saith Jehovah, to the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel and who come forth from the seed of Judah, you who swear allegiance by the name of the Lord and make mention of the God of Israel—but not in truth and sincerity, nor in righteousness (rightness and moral and spiritual rectitude in every area and relation)—

For they call themselves [citizens] of the holy city and depend on the God of Israel—the Lord of hosts is His name.

I have declared from the beginning the former things [which happened in times past to Israel]; they went forth from My mouth and I made them known; then suddenly I did them, and they came to pass [says the Lord].

Because I knew that you were obstinate, and your neck was an iron sinew and your brow was brass,

Therefore I have declared things to come to you from of old; before they came to pass I announced them to you, so that you could not say, My idol has done them, and my graven image and my molten image have commanded them.

You have heard [these things foretold], now you see this fulfillment. And will you not bear witness to it? I show you specified new things from this time forth, even hidden things [kept in reserve] which you have not known.

They are created now [called into being by the prophetic word], and not long ago; and before today you have never heard of them, lest you should say, Behold, I knew them!

Yes, you have never heard, yes, you have never known; yes, from of old your ear has not been opened. For I, the Lord, knew that you, O house of Israel, dealt very treacherously; you were called a transgressor and a rebel [in revolt] from your birth.

For My name’s sake I defer My anger, and for the sake of My praise I restrain it for you, that I may not cut you off.

10 Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have tried and chosen you in the furnace of affliction.

11 For My own sake, for My own sake, I do it [I refrain and do not utterly destroy you]; for why should I permit My name to be polluted and profaned [which it would be if the Lord completely destroyed His chosen people]? And I will not give My glory to another [by permitting the worshipers of idols to triumph over you].

12 Listen to Me, O Jacob, and Israel, My called [ones]: I am He; I am the First, I also am the Last.

13 Yes, My hand has laid the foundation of the earth, and My right hand has spread out the heavens; when I call to them, they stand forth together [to execute My decrees].

14 Assemble yourselves, all of you, and hear! Who among them [the gods and Chaldean astrologers] has foretold these things? The Lord has loved him [Cyrus of Persia]; he will do His pleasure and purpose on Babylon, and his arm will be against the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I, have foretold it; yes, I have called him [Cyrus]; I have brought him, and [the Lord] shall make his way prosperous.

16 Come near to me and listen to this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it happened, I was there. And now the Lord God has sent His Spirit in and with me.

17 Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: I am the Lord your God, Who teaches you to profit, Who leads you in the way that you should go.

18 Oh, that you had hearkened to My commandments! Then your peace and prosperity would have been like a flowing river, and your righteousness [the holiness and purity of the nation] like the [abundant] waves of the sea.

19 Your offspring would have been like the sand, and your descendants like the offspring of the sea; their name would not be cut off or destroyed from before Me.

20 Go forth out of Babylon, flee from the Chaldeans! With a voice of singing declare, tell this, cause it to go forth even to the end of the earth; say, The Lord has redeemed His servant Jacob!

21 And they thirsted not when He led them through the deserts; He caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; He split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace, says the Lord, for the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

New things from now on

48 Listen to this, house of Jacob,
    who are known by the name of Israel,
        descendants of Judah,
    who swear by the Lord’s name
        and invoke Israel’s God dishonestly and unrighteously.

    They are known as residents of the holy city,
        those who depend upon the God of Israel—
        the Lord of heavenly forces is his name.
Past things I announced long ago;
    from my mouth I proclaimed them.
    I acted suddenly, and they came about.
Because I know that you are stubborn,
    your neck is made of iron,
    and your forehead is bronze.
I informed you long ago;
    before they came about I proclaimed them to you
    so you wouldn’t say, “My idol did them;
    my wood statue and metal god commanded them.”
You’ve heard and seen all this—
    won’t you admit it?
From now on I’ll tell you new things,
    guarded secrets that you don’t know.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you hadn’t heard of them,
    so you won’t say, “I already knew them.”
You haven’t heard, nor have you known;
    as in ages past your ears are closed,
    because I knew what a traitor you were;
    you were known as a rebel from birth.
For the sake of my reputation I control my anger;
    for your sake I restrain my powerful radiance
    so as to not destroy you.
10 See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of misery.
11 For the sake of my reputation, for my own sake, I will act,
    for why will my name be made impure?
    I won’t give my glory to another.

12 Listen to me, Jacob;
    Israel, whom I called:
        I am the one;
        I am the first and I am the last.
13 My hand founded the earth;
    my strong hand spread out the heavens.
    When I call to them, they all stand up.
14 Gather yourselves, all of you, and listen.
    Who among you announced these things?
        “The Lord loves him.
        He will do what God wants with Babylon
        and with the descendants of Chaldea.”
15 I, I have spoken and told him
    the things that will happen to him;
    I will make him succeed.
16 Come close to me; listen to this:
    Since the very beginning I haven’t spoken in secret.
    Whenever anything happens, I am there.
    (And now the Lord God has sent me with his spirit.)

17 The Lord your redeemer,
    the holy one of Israel, proclaims:
    I am the Lord your God
        who teaches you for your own good,
        who leads you in the way you should go.
18 If you would pay attention to my commands,
    your well-being would be like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 Your offspring would be like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains.
    Their name would never be eliminated,
        never wiped out from before me.

20 Go out from Babylon;
    flee from the Chaldeans!
Report this with a loud shout, proclaim it;
    broadcast it out to the end of the earth.
    Say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They weren’t thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    God made water flow from the rock for them;
    split the rock, and water flowed out.
22 There is no well-being, says the Lord, for the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

48 Listen to this, house of Ya‘akov,
called by the name of Isra’el,
who have come from the spring of Y’hudah,
who swear by the name of Adonai
and invoke the God of Isra’el! —
it is not sincerely or justifiably
that they call themselves people of the holy city
or rely on the God of Isra’el —
Adonai-Tzva’ot is his name:

“I announced things that happened at the beginning, long ago;
they issued from my mouth, I proclaimed them.
Then suddenly I acted, and they occurred.
Because I knew that you were stubborn,
your neck an iron sinew, your forehead bronze,
I announced it to you long ago;
before it occurred, I proclaimed it to you;
so that you could not say, ‘My idol did it;
my carved image, my statue, gave the order for it.’
You have heard and seen all this,
so why won’t you admit it?

“Now I am announcing new things to you,
secret things you have not known,
created now, not long ago;
before today, you did not hear them:
so you can’t say, ‘I already know about them.’
No, you haven’t heard, and you haven’t known;
these things have not reached your ears before.
For I knew how treacherous you were —
you were called a rebel from the womb.
Yet for the sake of my own reputation
I am deferring my anger;
for the sake of my praise I am patient with you,
so as not to cut you off.

10 “Look, I have refined you,
but not [as severely] as silver;
[rather] I have tested you
in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my sake I will do it,
for my own sake.
I will not let [my reputation] be tarnished;
I will not yield my glory to anyone else.
12 “Listen to me, Ya‘akov;
Isra’el, whom I have called:
I am he who is first;
I am also the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summoned them,
at once they rose into being.

14 “All of you, assemble and listen:
which of you has foretold what is coming?
Adonai’s friend will do his will against Bavel,
using his arm against the Kasdim.
15 It is I who have spoken,
I have summoned him,
I have brought him,
and he will succeed.

16 “Come close to me, and listen to this:
since the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
since the time things began to be, I have been there;
and now Adonai Elohim has sent me and his Spirit.”

17 Thus says Adonai, your Redeemer,
the Holy One of Isra’el:
“I am Adonai, your God,
who teaches you for your own good,
who guides you on the path you should take.
18 If only you would heed my mitzvot!
Then your peace would flow on like a river,
and your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 Your descendants would be numerous as the sand,
your offspring countless as its grains.
Their name would never be cut off
or destroyed from my presence.”

20 Get out of Bavel! Flee the Kasdim!
With shouts of joy announce it, proclaim it!
Send the news out to the ends of the earth!
Say, “Adonai has redeemed his servant Ya‘akov.”
21 They weren’t thirsty when he led them through the deserts,
he made water flow from the rock for them —
he split the rock, and out gushed the water.
22 But there is no peace, says Adonai, for the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

The Lord Corrects His People

48 People of Israel,
you come from Jacob’s family
    and the tribe of Judah.
You claim to worship me,
the Lord God of Israel,
    but you are lying.
You call Jerusalem your home
    and say you depend on me,
the Lord All-Powerful,
    the God of Israel.

Long ago I announced
    what was going to be,
then without warning,
    I made it happen.
I knew you were stubborn
    and hardheaded.
And I told you these things,
so that when they happened
    you would not say,
“The idols we worship did this.”

You heard what I said,
and you have seen it happen.
    Now admit that it’s true!
I will show you secrets
    you have never known.
Today I am doing something new,
something you cannot say
    you have heard before.
You have never been willing
    to listen to what I say;
from the moment of your birth,
    I knew you would rebel.

The Lord Warns Israel

I, the Lord, am true to myself;
I will be praised
for not punishing
    and destroying you.
10 I tested you in hard times
just as silver is refined
    in a heated furnace.
11 I did this because of who I am.
I refuse to be dishonored
    or share my praise
    with any other god.

12 Israel, my chosen people,
    listen to me.
I alone am the Lord,
    the first and the last.
13 With my own hand
I created the earth
    and stretched out the sky.
They obey my every command.

The Lord Speaks to the Nations

14 Gather around me, all of you!
    Listen to what I say.
Did any of your idols
    predict this would happen?
Did they say that my friend
would do
what I want done
    to Babylonia?
15 I was the one who chose him.
I have brought him this far,
    and he will be successful.
16 Come closer and listen!
I have never kept secret
    the things I have said,
and I was here
    before time began.

It Is Best To Obey the Lord

By the power of his Spirit
the Lord God has sent me
17     with this message:
People of Israel,
I am the holy Lord God,
    the one who rescues you.
For your own good,
I teach you,
and I lead you
    along the right path.
18 How I wish that you
    had obeyed my commands!
Your success and good fortune
would then have overflowed
    like a flooding river.
19 Your nation would be blessed
    with more people
than there are grains of sand
    along the seashore.
And I would never have let
    your country be destroyed.

20 Now leave Babylon!
    Celebrate as you go.
Be happy and shout
    for everyone to hear,
“The Lord has rescued
    his servant Israel!
21 He led us through the desert
and made water flow from a rock
    to satisfy our thirst.
22 But the Lord has promised
that none who are evil
    will live in peace.”

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear ye this, house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, who swear by the name of Jehovah, and make mention of the God of Israel, not in truth, nor in righteousness.

For they are named after the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel: Jehovah of hosts is his name.

I have declared the former things long ago; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I caused them to be heard: I wrought suddenly, and they came to pass.

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

so I have long ago declared [them] to thee; before they came to pass I caused thee to hear [them]; lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, or my molten image hath commanded them.

Thou heardest, see all this;—and ye, will not ye declare [it]? I have caused thee to hear new things from this time, and things hidden, and that thou knewest not:

they are created now, and not long ago; and before this day thou hast not heard them, lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

Yea, thou heardest not, yea, thou knewest not, yea, from of old thine ear was not opened; for I knew that thou wouldest ever deal treacherously, and thou wast called a transgressor from the womb.

For my name's sake I will defer mine anger, and [for] my praise will I refrain as to thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not as silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 For mine own sake, for mine own sake, will I do [it]; for how should [my name] be profaned? and I will not give my glory unto another.

12 Hearken unto me, Jacob, and [thou] Israel, my called. I [am] HE; I, the first, and I, the last.

13 Yea, my hand hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spread abroad the heavens: I call unto them, they stand up together.

14 All ye, gather yourselves together, and hear: which among them hath declared these things? He whom Jehovah hath loved shall execute his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm [shall be on] the Chaldeans.

15 I, [even] I, have spoken; yea, I have called him; I have brought him, and his way shall be prosperous.

16 Come near unto me, hear ye this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I; and now the Lord Jehovah hath sent me, and his Spirit.

17 Thus saith Jehovah, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I [am] Jehovah thy God, who teacheth thee for [thy] profit, who leadeth thee in the way that thou shouldest go.

18 Oh that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! Then would thy peace have been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea;

19 and thy seed would have been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof: their name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.

20 Go ye forth from Babylon, flee from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing; declare, cause this to be heard, utter it to the end of the earth; say ye, Jehovah hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts; he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them; yea, he clave the rock, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace, saith Jehovah, unto the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear ye these things, O house of Jacob, you that are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Juda, you who swear by the name of the Lord, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in justice.

For they are called of the holy city, and are established upon the God of Israel: the Lord of hosts is his name.

The former things of old I have declared, and they went forth out of my mouth, and I have made them to be heard: I did them suddenly and they came to pass.

For I knew that thou art stubborn, and thy neck is as an iron sinew, and thy forehead as brass.

I foretold thee of old, before they came to pass I told thee, lest thou shouldst say: My idols have done these things, and my graven and molten things have commanded them.

See now all the things which thou hast heard: but have you declared them? I have shewn thee new things from that time, and things are kept which thou knowest not:

They are created now, and not of old: and before the day, when thou heardest them not, lest thou shouldst say: Behold I knew them.

Thou hast neither heard, nor known, neither was thy ear opened of old. For I know that transgressing thou wilt transgress, and I have called thee a transgressor from the womb.

For my name's sake I will remove my wrath far off: and for my praise I will bridle thee, lest thou shouldst perish.

10 Behold I have refined thee, but not as silver, I have chosen thee in the furnace of poverty.

11 For my own sake, for my own sake will I do it, that I may not be blasphemed: and I will not give my glory to another.

12 Hearken to me, O Jacob, and thou Israel whom I call: I am he, I am the first, and I am the last.

13 My hand also hath founded the earth, and my right hand hath measured the heavens: I shall call them, and they shall stand together.

14 Assemble yourselves together, all you, and hear: who among them hath declared these things? the Lord hath loved him, he will do his pleasure in Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I have spoken and called him: I have brought him, and his way is made prosperous.

16 Come ye near unto me, and hear this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning: from the time before it was done, I was there, and now the Lord God hath sent me, and his spirit.

17 Thus saith the Lord thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel: I am the Lord thy God that teach thee profitable things, that govern thee in the way that thou walkest.

18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments: thy peace had been as a river, and thy justice as the waves of the sea,

19 And thy seed had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof: his name should not have perished, nor have been destroyed from before my face.

20 Come forth out of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, declare it with the voice of joy: make this to be heard, and speak it out even to the ends of the earth. Say: The Lord hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

21 They thirsted not in the desert, when he led them out: he brought forth water out of the rock for them, and he clove the rock, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace to the wicked, saith the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

God Rules His World

48 “Family of Jacob, listen to me!
    You people call yourself ‘Israel,’
    but you are from Judah’s family.
When you take an oath, I, the Lord, the God of Israel,
    am the one whose name you use,
    but you are not honest and sincere.

“Yes, you call yourselves citizens of the holy city,
    those who depend on the God of Israel.
The Lord All-Powerful is his name.

“Long ago I told you what would happen.
    I told you about these things.
    And suddenly I made them happen.
I did that because I knew you were stubborn.
    You were like iron that will not bend,
    with heads as hard as bronze.
So long ago I told you what would happen.
    I told you about those things long before they happened.
I did this so that you could not say,
    ‘The gods we made did this.
    Our idols, our statues, made this happen.’”

God Punishes Israel to Make Them Pure

“You heard what I said would happen.
    And you can see it has all been done.
    Shouldn’t you tell this to others?
Now I will tell you about new things,
    secrets you have not known before.
This is something that is happening now, not long ago.
    You have not heard about it before today.
    So you cannot say, ‘We already knew that.’
But even in the past you didn’t listen.
    You didn’t learn anything.
    You never listen to what I say.
I have always known that you would turn against me.
    You have rebelled against me from the time you were born.

“But I will be patient.
    I will do this for myself.
People will praise me for not becoming angry and destroying you.
    You will praise me for waiting.

10 “Look, I will make you pure,
    but not in the way you make silver pure.
    I will make you pure by giving you troubles.
11 I will do this for myself—for me!
    I will not let you treat me as if I am not important.
    I will not let some false god take my glory and praise.

12 “Jacob, listen to me!
    Israel, I called you to be my people.
    So listen to me!
I am the Beginning,
    and I am the End.
13 I made the earth with my own hands.
    My right hand made the sky.
And if I call them,
    they will come to stand before me.

14 “All of you, come here and listen to me.
    Did any of the false gods say these things would happen? No!
The Lord’s friend will do what he wants
    to Babylon and the Chaldeans.

15 “I told you that I would call him.
    I will lead him,
    and I will make him succeed.
16 Come here and listen to me!
    I was there when Babylon began as a nation.
And from the beginning, I spoke clearly
    so that people could know what I said.”

Now, the Lord God sends me and his Spirit to tell you these things. 17 The Lord, the Savior, the Holy One of Israel, says,

“I am the Lord your God.
    I teach you for your own good.
    I lead you in the way you should go.
18 If you had obeyed me,
    then peace would have come to you
    like a full flowing river.
Good things would have come to you again and again,
    like the waves of the sea.
19 If you had obeyed me,
    you would have had as many children as there are grains of sand.
And they would always have been mine
    and would never have been destroyed.”

20 My people, leave Babylon!
    My people, run from the Chaldeans!
Tell the news with joy.
    Spread the news around the world.
Tell them,
    “The Lord rescued his servant Jacob.”
21 They never got thirsty as he led them through the desert,
    because he made water flow from a rock.
He split the rock,
    and water flowed out.

22 But the Lord also said,
    “There is no peace for evil people.”

Isaiah 48 X

Israel Refined for God's Glory

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
    who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came from the waters of Judah,
who swear by the name of the Lord
    and confess the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and stay themselves on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

“The former things I declared of old;
    they went out from my mouth, and I announced them;
    then suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from of old,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
lest you should say, ‘My idol did them,
    my carved image and my metal image commanded them.’

“You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forth I announce to you new things,
    hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    lest you should say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would surely deal treacherously,
    and that from before birth you were called a rebel.

“For my name's sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    that I may not cut you off.
10 Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver;
    I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for how should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

The Lord's Call to Israel

12 “Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called!
I am he; I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I call to them,
    they stand forth together.

14 “Assemble, all of you, and listen!
    Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him;
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this:
    from the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.”
And now the Lord God has sent me, and his Spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you to profit,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 Oh that you had paid attention to my commandments!
    Then your peace would have been like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.”

20 Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it out to the end of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split the rock and the water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

Israel Refined for God's Glory

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
    who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came from the waters of Judah,
who swear by the name of the Lord
    and confess the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and stay themselves on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.
“The former things I declared of old;
    they went out from my mouth, and I announced them;
    then suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from of old,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
lest you should say, ‘My idol did them,
    my carved image and my metal image commanded them.’
“You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forth I announce to you new things,
    hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    lest you should say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would surely deal treacherously,
    and that from before birth you were called a rebel.
“For my name's sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    that I may not cut you off.
10 Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver;
    I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for how should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

The Lord's Call to Israel

12 “Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called!
I am he; I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I call to them,
    they stand forth together.
14 “Assemble, all of you, and listen!
    Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him;
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this:
    from the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.”
And now the Lord God has sent me, and his Spirit.
17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you to profit,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 Oh that you had paid attention to my commandments!
    Then your peace would have been like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.”
20 Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it out to the end of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split the rock and the water gushed out.
22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

God Controls the Future

48 The Lord says, “·Family [L House] of Jacob, listen to me.
    You are called [L by the name of] Israel,
    and you come from the ·family [L waters; wellsprings] of Judah.
You ·swear [take oaths] by the Lord’s name
    and ·praise [confess; call on] the God of Israel,
    but ·you are not honest or sincere [L not in truth or in righteousness].
You call yourselves ·people of [or by the name of; L from] the holy city,
    and you ·depend on [trust in] the God of Israel,
    who is named the Lord ·All-Powerful [Almighty; of Heaven’s Armies; T of hosts].
Long ago I told you ·what would happen [L the former things].
    ·I said these things and [L They went out from my mouth and I] made them known;
    suddenly I acted, and these things happened.
I knew you were stubborn;
    your neck was like an iron muscle,
    and your ·head [forehead; brow] was like bronze.
So a long time ago I told you about these things;
    I told you about them before they happened
so you couldn’t say, ‘My idols did this,
    and my ·wooden [carved images] and metal statues ·made these things happen [decreed/ordained/commanded them].’

“You heard and saw everything that happened,
    ·so you should [L will you not…?] tell this news to others.
·Now [From this time on] I will tell you about new things,
    hidden things that you don’t know yet.
·These things are happening [L They are created] now, not long ago;
    you have not heard about them before today.
So you cannot say, ‘[L Look; or Yes; T Behold] We already knew about that.’
But you have not heard; you have not understood.
    Even long ago ·you did not listen [L your ear has not been opened].
I knew you would surely ·turn [act treacherously] against me;
    you ·have fought against me [L were called a rebel] ·since you were born [L from the womb].
But for my ·own [L name’s] sake I will ·be patient [L hold back my anger].
    ·People will praise me because [L For the sake of my praise] I did not become angry
    and ·destroy you [cut you off].
10 I have ·made you pure [refined you], but not by fire, as silver is made pure.
    I have purified you ·by giving you troubles [L in the furnace of affliction/suffering].
11 I do this for myself, for my own sake.
    ·I will not [L How could I…?] let ·people speak evil against me [L my name be defiled/profaned],
and I will not ·let some god take my glory [L give/share my glory with another].

Israel Will Be Free

12 “·People of Jacob [L Jacob], listen to me.
    ·People of Israel [L Israel], ·I have called you to be my people [L whom I called].
I am ·God [L he; the one];
    I am the ·beginning and the end [L first and I am the last; 41:4; 44:5].
13 I ·made [L laid the foundation of] the earth with my own hands.
    With my right hand I spread out the skies.
When I call them,
    they ·come [stand] together before me.”

14 All of you, come together and listen.
    ·None of the gods [L Who among them…?] said these things would happen.
The Lord ·has chosen someone [has an ally; or loves him; C a reference to Cyrus, king of Persia; see 41:2; 44:28–45:6; 46:11; 48:14–16]
    to carry out his ·wishes [desire; purpose] against Babylon,
·to attack [L his arm will be against] the Babylonians;

15 “I have spoken; I have called him.
    I have brought him, and I will make him successful.
16 Come to me and listen to this.
    From the ·beginning [first] I have ·spoken openly [L not spoken in secret].
From the time it ·began [happened], I was there.”

Now, the Lord God
·has sent me with his Spirit [or and his Spirit have sent me; C Cyrus is probably speaking here; vv. 14–15].

17 This is what the Lord, ·who saves you [your Redeemer],
    the Holy One of Israel [1:4], says:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you ·to do what is good [what is best; or how to succeed],
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 If you had obeyed my commands,
    you would have had peace like a river [C abundant and overflowing; 66:12].
    ·Good things [Your righteousness] would have flowed to you like the waves of the sea.
19 ·Your ·children [descendants] would have been ·as numerous as [L like] ·sand in the sea [L sand]
    and your ·descendants [offspring/seed of your body] like grains of sand [10:22; Gen. 15:5; 22:17; Hos. 1:10].
·They [L Their name] would never have ·died out [been cut off]
    nor been destroyed.”

20 ·My people, leave [L Go out from] Babylon!
    Run from the ·Babylonians [L Chaldeans]!
Tell this news with shouts of joy to the people;
    spread it ·everywhere on [L to the end of] earth.
Say, “The Lord has ·saved [redeemed] his ·servants, the people of Jacob [L servant Jacob].”
21 They did not become thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    He made water flow from a rock for them.
He split the rock,
    and water flowed out [43:19; Ex. 17:6; Num. 20:11].

22 “There is no peace for ·evil people [the wicked],” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

48 1 The hypocrisy of the Jews is reproved. 12 The Lord alone will be worshipped. 20 Of their deliverance out of Babylon.

Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come out of the waters of Judah: which swear by the name of the Lord, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth nor in righteousness.

For they are called of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel, whose Name is the Lord of hosts.

I have declared the former things of old, and they went out of my mouth, and I showed them: I did them suddenly and they came to pass.

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass,

Therefore I have declared it to thee of old: before it came to pass, I showed it thee, lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my carved image, and my molten image hath commanded them.

Thou hast heard, behold all this, and will not ye declare it? I have showed thee new things, even now, and hid things, which thou knewest not.

They are created now, and not of old, and even before this thou heardest them not, lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

Yet thou heardest them not, neither didst know them, neither yet was thine ear opened of old; for I knew that thou wouldest grievously transgress: therefore have I called thee a transgressor from the womb.

For my Name’s sake will I defer my wrath, and for my praise, will I refrain it from thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Behold, I have fined thee, but not as silver: I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 For mine own sake, for mine own sake will I do it; for how should my Name be polluted? surely I will not give my glory unto another.

12 Hear me, O Jacob and Israel, my called, I am, I am the first, and I am the last.

13 Surely mine hand hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call them, they stand up together.

14 All you, assemble yourselves, and hear: which among them hath declared these things? The Lord hath loved him, he will do his will in Babel, and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I have spoken it, and I have called him, I have brought him, and his way shall prosper.

16 Come near unto me: hear ye this: I have not spoken it in secret from the beginning: from the time that the thing was, I was there, and now the Lord God and his Spirit hath sent me.

17 Thus saith the Lord thy redeemer, the Holy one of Israel, I am the Lord thy God, which teach thee to profit, and lead thee by the way that thou shouldest go.

18 Oh, that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy prosperity been as the flood, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea.

19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the fruit of thy body like the gravel thereof: his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed before me.

20 Go ye out of Babel: flee ye from the Chaldeans with a voice of joy: tell and declare this: show it forth to the end of the earth: say ye, The Lord hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

21 And they were not thirsty: he led them through the wilderness: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: for he clave the rock and the water gushed out.

22 There is no peace, saith the Lord, unto the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

The Lord Will Refine His People Before He Rescues Them from Babylon

48 Listen to this, descendants of Jacob!
    You are given the name of Israel.
    You are descended from Judah.
    You take oaths by the name of the Lord.
    You acknowledge the God of Israel,
        but you are not honest or sincere.
You call yourselves citizens of the holy city.
    You depend on the God of Israel.
        His name is the Lord of Armies.

From the beginning I revealed to you what would happen.
    These words came out of my mouth,
        and I made them known.
    Suddenly, I acted, and they happened.
I know that you are stubborn.
    Like iron, you are hardheaded.
    Like bronze, nothing gets through your thick skull.
That is why I revealed to you what would happen long ago.
    I told you about them before they happened.
    I did this so you couldn’t say,
    “My gods have done these things.
    My carved idols and my metal idols
        have commanded them to happen.”
You’ve heard these words.
    Now look at all this.
        Won’t you admit it?

From now on I will reveal to you new things,
    hidden things that you do not know.
They are created now, not in the past.
    You haven’t heard about them before today,
        so you can’t say that you already knew about them.
You have never heard about them.
    You have never known about them.
        Your ears have never been open to hear them before.
    I know that you’ve acted very treacherously
    and that you have been called a rebel since you were born.
For my name’s sake I’ll be patient.
    For my glory’s sake I’ll hold my anger back from you,
    rather than destroy you.
10 I have refined you,
    but not like silver.
    I have tested you in the furnace of suffering.
11 I am doing this for myself, only for myself.
    Why should my name be dishonored?
    I will not give my glory to anyone else.

12 Listen to me, Jacob,
    Israel, whom I have called.
        I am the one.
            I am the first and the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth.
    My right hand stretched out the heavens.
    When I call for them, they both stand.
14 Gather together, all of you, and listen.
    What idol has revealed such things?
    The Lord loves Cyrus.
    He will carry out the Lord’s plan against Babylon.
    He will use his strength against the Babylonians.
15 I alone have spoken.
    I have called him.
        I will bring him here, and he will succeed.

16 Come here. Listen to this:
    From the beginning I have spoken nothing in private.
    From the time it took place, I was there.

Now the Almighty Lord has sent me and his Spirit.

17 This is what the Lord, your Defender, the Holy One of Israel, says:

I am the Lord your God.
    I teach you what is best for you.
    I lead you where you should go.
18 If only you had listened to my commands!
    Your peace would be like a river that never runs dry.
    Your righteousness would be like waves on the sea.
19 Your descendants would be like sand.
    Your children would be like its grains.
        Their names would not be cut off or wiped out in my presence.
20 Leave Babylon; flee from the Babylonians!
    Shout for joy as you tell it and announce it.
        Shout it out to the ends of the earth.
            Say that the Lord has reclaimed his servant Jacob.
21 They weren’t thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    He made water flow from a rock for them.
    He split a rock, and water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace for the wicked,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

God Is Lord of the Future

48 Listen to this, people of Israel,
    you that are descended from Judah:
You swear by the name of the Lord
    and claim to worship the God of Israel—
    but you don't mean a word you say.
And yet you are proud to say
    that you are citizens of the holy city
    and that you depend on Israel's God,
    whose name is the Lord Almighty.

The Lord says to Israel,

“Long ago I predicted what would take place;
    then suddenly I made it happen.
I knew that you would prove to be stubborn,
    as rigid as iron and unyielding as bronze.
And so I predicted your future long ago,
    announcing events before they took place,
    to keep you from claiming
    that your idols and images made them happen.

“All I foretold has now taken place;
    you have to admit my predictions were right.
Now I will tell you of new things to come,
    events that I did not reveal before.
Only now am I making them happen;
    nothing like this took place in the past.
If it had, you would claim that you knew all about it.
I knew that you couldn't be trusted,
    that you have always been known as a rebel.
That is why you never heard of this at all,
    why no word of it ever came to your ears.

“In order that people will praise my name,
    I am holding my anger in check;
    I am keeping it back and will not destroy you.
10 I have tested you in the fire of suffering,
    as silver is refined in a furnace.
But I have found that you are worthless.
11 What I do is done for my own sake—
    I will not let my name be dishonored
    or let anyone else share the glory
    that should be mine and mine alone.”

Cyrus, the Lord's Chosen Leader

12 The Lord says,

“Listen to me, Israel, the people I have called!
I am God, the first, the last, the only God!
13 My hands made the earth's foundations
    and spread the heavens out.
When I summon earth and sky,
    they come at once and present themselves.

14 “Assemble and listen, all of you!
None of the gods could predict
    that the man I have chosen would attack Babylon;
    he will do what I want him to do.
15 I am the one who spoke and called him;
    I led him out and gave him success.

16 “Now come close to me and hear what I say.
    From the beginning I have spoken openly
    and have always made my words come true.”

(Now the Sovereign Lord has given me his power and sent me.)

The Lord's Plan for His People

17 The holy God of Israel,
    the Lord who saves you, says:
“I am the Lord your God,
    the one who wants to teach you for your own good
    and direct you in the way you should go.

18 “If only you had listened to my commands!
Then blessings would have flowed for you
    like a stream that never goes dry.
Victory would have come to you
    like the waves that roll on the shore.
19 Your descendants would be as numerous as grains of sand,
    and I would have made sure they were never destroyed.”

20 Go out from Babylon, go free!
Shout the news gladly; make it known everywhere:
    “The Lord has saved his servant Israel!”
21 When the Lord led his people through a hot, dry desert,
    they did not suffer from thirst.
He made water come from a rock for them;
    he split the rock open, and water flowed out.

22 “There is no safety for sinners,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

Israel Must Leave Babylon

48 “Listen to this, house of Jacob—
those who are called by the name Israel
and have descended from Judah,
who swear by the name of Yahweh
and declare the God of Israel,
but not in truth or righteousness.
For they are named after the Holy City,
and lean on the God of Israel;
His name is Yahweh of Hosts.
I declared the past events long ago;
they came out of My mouth; I proclaimed them.
Suddenly I acted, and they occurred.
Because I know that you are stubborn,
and your neck is iron
and your forehead bronze,
therefore I declared to you long ago.
I announced it to you before it occurred,
so you could not claim, ‘My idol caused them;
my carved image and cast idol control them.’
You have heard it. Observe it all.
Will you not acknowledge it?
From now on I will announce new things to you,
hidden things that you have not known.
They have been created now, and not long ago;
you have not heard of them before today,
so you could not claim, ‘I already knew them!’
You have never heard; you have never known;
For a long time your ears have not been open.
For I knew that you were very treacherous,
and were known as a rebel from birth.
I will delay My anger for the honor of My name,
and I will restrain Myself for your benefit and for My praise,
so that you will not be destroyed.
10 Look, I have refined you, but not as silver;
I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
11 I will act for My own sake, indeed, My own,
for how can I be defiled?
I will not give My glory to another.

12 “Listen to Me, Jacob,
and Israel, the one called by Me:
I am He; I am the first,
I am also the last.
13 My own hand founded the earth,
and My right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summoned them,
they stood up together.
14 All of you, assemble and listen!
Who among the idols has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
he will accomplish His will against Babylon,
and His arm will be against the Chaldeans.
15 I—I have spoken;
yes, I have called him;
I have brought him,
and he will succeed in his mission.
16 Approach Me and listen to this.
From the beginning I have not spoken in secret;
from the time anything existed, I was there.”
And now the Lord God
has sent me and His Spirit.

17 This is what the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel says:

I am Yahweh your God,
who teaches you for your benefit,
who leads you in the way you should go.
18 If only you had paid attention to My commands.
Then your peace would have been like a river,
and your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 Your descendants would have been as countless as the sand,
and the offspring of your body like its grains;
their name would not be cut off
or eliminated from My presence.

20 Leave Babylon,
flee from the Chaldeans!
Declare with a shout of joy,
proclaim this,
let it go out to the end of the earth;
announce,
“The Lord has redeemed His servant Jacob!”
21 They did not thirst
when He led them through the deserts;
He made water flow for them from the rock;
He split the rock, and water gushed out.
22 “There is no peace for the wicked,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

48 ¶ Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, who call yourselves by the name of Israel, those that are come forth out of the waters of Judah, those who swear by the name of the LORD and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

For they call themselves of the holy city and stay themselves upon the God of Israel. The LORD of the hosts is his name.

That which happened, I have already declared many days ago; and it went forth out of my mouth, and I published it; I did it suddenly, and it came to pass.

Because I know that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow bronze;

I have already declared it many days ago; before it came to pass I showed it to thee: lest thou should say, My idol has done it, my graven image, and my molten image, has commanded these things.

Thou hast heard it, thou hast seen it all; and will ye not declare it? I have showed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

They are created now, and not in days past; nor before this day hast thou heard them lest thou should say, Behold, I knew them.

Certainly thou hast never heard this; certainly thou hast never known this; certainly thine ear was never before opened: for I knew that being unfaithful thou would disobey; therefore, I called thee a rebel from the womb.

¶ For my name’s sake I will defer my anger, and for my praise I will wait patiently for thee that I not cut thee off.

10 Behold, I have refined thee, and not as silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, I will do it, for how should my name be profaned? and I will not give my glory unto another.

12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

13 Certainly my hand founded the earth, and my right hand measured the heavens with the palm; as I named them, they appeared together.

14 All ye, assemble yourselves and hear; who is there among them that declares these things? The LORD has loved him, the one who will execute his will on Babylon and his arm upon the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I, have spoken; I have called him: I have brought him, and therefore his way shall be prospered.

16 ¶ Come near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was done, I was there: and now the LORD God has sent me and his Spirit.

17 Thus has the LORD, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel said: I am the LORD thy God who teaches thee to profit, who causes thee to walk by the way in which thou dost walk.

18 O that thou would look unto my commandments! Then thy peace would be as a river and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:

19 Thy seed would be as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name would never be cut off nor destroyed from before me.

20 Come out of Babylon, flee from among the Chaldeans. Give news of this with a voice of joy; publish this; take this news to the end of the earth; say, The LORD has redeemed his slave Jacob.

21 And they did not thirst when he led them through the deserts; he caused water to flow out of the rock for them; he clave the rock, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace for the wicked, said the LORD.

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Judah, which swear by the name of the Lord, and make mention of the God of Israel, but not in truth, nor in righteousness.

For they call themselves of the holy city, and stay themselves upon the God of Israel; The Lord of hosts is his name.

I have declared the former things from the beginning; and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them; I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.

Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

I have even from the beginning declared it to thee; before it came to pass I shewed it thee: lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image, and my molten image, hath commanded them.

Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it? I have shewed thee new things from this time, even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.

They are created now, and not from the beginning; even before the day when thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.

Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not; yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened: for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously, and wast called a transgressor from the womb.

For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver; I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.

11 For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it: for how should my name be polluted? and I will not give my glory unto another.

12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called; I am he; I am the first, I also am the last.

13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth, and my right hand hath spanned the heavens: when I call unto them, they stand up together.

14 All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear; which among them hath declared these things? The Lord hath loved him: he will do his pleasure on Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

15 I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him: I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.

16 Come ye near unto me, hear ye this; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I: and now the Lord God, and his Spirit, hath sent me.

17 Thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; I am the Lord thy God which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.

18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:

19 Thy seed also had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof; his name should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before me.

20 Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this, utter it even to the end of the earth; say ye, The Lord hath redeemed his servant Jacob.

21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts: he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them: he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace, saith the Lord, unto the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob,
which are called by the name of Israel,
and are come forth out of the waters of Judah,
which swear by the name of the Lord,
and make mention of the God of Israel,
but not in truth, nor in righteousness.
For they call themselves of the holy city,
and stay themselves upon the God of Israel;
the Lord of hosts is his name.
I have declared the former things from the beginning;
and they went forth out of my mouth, and I shewed them;
I did them suddenly, and they came to pass.
Because I knew that thou art obstinate,
and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;
I have even from the beginning declared it to thee;
before it came to pass I shewed it thee:
lest thou shouldest say, Mine idol hath done them, and my graven image,
and my molten image, hath commanded them.
Thou hast heard, see all this; and will not ye declare it?
I have shewed thee new things from this time,
even hidden things, and thou didst not know them.
They are created now, and not from the beginning;
even before the day when thou heardest them not;
lest thou shouldest say, Behold, I knew them.
Yea, thou heardest not; yea, thou knewest not;
yea, from that time that thine ear was not opened:
for I knew that thou wouldest deal very treacherously,
and wast called a transgressor from the womb.

For my name’s sake will I defer mine anger,
and for my praise will I refrain for thee,
that I cut thee not off.
10 Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver;
I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction.
11 For mine own sake, even for mine own sake, will I do it:
for how should my name be polluted?
and I will not give my glory unto another.

12 Hearken unto me, O Jacob and Israel, my called;
I am he; I am the first,
I also am the last.
13 Mine hand also hath laid the foundation of the earth,
and my right hand hath spanned the heavens:
when I call unto them, they stand up together.
14 All ye, assemble yourselves, and hear;
which among them hath declared these things?
The Lord hath loved him:
he will do his pleasure on Babylon,
and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken; yea, I have called him:
I have brought him, and he shall make his way prosperous.

16 Come ye near unto me, hear ye this;
I have not spoken in secret from the beginning;
from the time that it was, there am I:
and now the Lord God, and his Spirit, hath sent me.
17 Thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer,
the Holy One of Israel;
I am the Lord thy God which teacheth thee to profit,
which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go.
18 O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments!
then had thy peace been as a river,
and thy righteousness as the waves of the sea:
19 thy seed also had been as the sand,
and the offspring of thy bowels like the gravel thereof;
his name should not have been cut off
nor destroyed from before me.

20 Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans,
with a voice of singing declare ye, tell this,
utter it even to the end of the earth;
say ye, The Lord hath redeemed his servant Jacob.
21 And they thirsted not when he led them through the deserts:
he caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them:
he clave the rock also, and the waters gushed out.
22 There is no peace, saith the Lord, unto the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

Yahweh Refines Stubborn Israel

48 Hear this, house of Jacob,
who are called by the name of Israel
    and came out from the waters of Judah,
who swear by the name of Yahweh,
    and invoke the God of Israel,
but not in truth
    and not in righteousness.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and they lean on the God of Israel—
        Yahweh of hosts is his name.
“I declared the former things from of old,
    and they went out from my mouth.
And I announced them suddenly;
    I acted, and they came to pass,
because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck an iron sinew,
    and your forehead bronze.
And I declared them to you from of old;
    I announced them to you before they came to pass
so that you would not say, ‘My idol did them,
    and my image and my cast image commanded them.’
You have heard; see it all.
    And will you not declare it?
I announce new things to you from this time
    and hidden things that you have not known.
Now they are created, and not from of old,
    and before today, and you have not heard them
        so that you could not say, “Look! I knew them.”
Neither have you heard, nor have you known,
    nor from of old has your ear been opened.
For I knew you would deal treacherously, very treacherously,
    and you are called a rebel from the womb.
For the sake of my name I refrain from my anger,
    and for my praise I restrain it for you
        so as not to cut you off.
10 Look! I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have chosen you in the furnace of misery.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake I do it;
    for why should it be defiled?
        And I will not give my glory to another.”

Yahweh Frees Israel

12 “Listen to me, Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called:
I am he. I am the first;
    also I am the last.
13 Indeed, my hand founded the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
        when I summon them, they stand in position together.
14 Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    Who among them declared these things?
Yahweh loves him;
    he shall perform his wish against Babylon
    and his arm against the Chaldeans.
15 I, I myself, I have spoken!
    Indeed, I have called him.
I have brought him,
    and he will be successful in his way.
16 Draw near to me; hear this! I have not spoken in secrecy from the beginning;
    from the time it came to be, there I have been;
        And now the Lord Yahweh has sent me and his Spirit.”

17 Thus says Yahweh, your redeemer, the holy one of Israel:

“I am Yahweh your God, who teaches you to profit,
    leads you in the way you should go.

18 O that you had listened attentively to my commandments!

Then your prosperity would have been like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 And your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and the descendants of your body like its grains.
It would not be cut off,
    and its name would not be destroyed from my presence.”
20 Go out from Babylon!
    Flee from Chaldea!
Proclaim it with a shout of rejoicing; proclaim this!
    Send it forth to the end of the earth;
        say, “Yahweh has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 And when he led them through the deserts, they were not thirsty;
    he made water flow from the rock for them,
and he split the rock,
    and the water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace,” says Yahweh, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

48 1-2 Hear me, my people: you swear allegiance to the Lord without meaning a word of it when you boast of living in the Holy City and brag about depending on the God of Israel. Time and again I told you what was going to happen in the future. My words were scarcely spoken when suddenly I did just what I said. I knew how hard and obstinate you are. Your necks are as unbending as iron; you are as hardheaded as brass. That is why I told you ahead of time what I was going to do, so that you could never say, “My idol did it; my carved image commanded it to happen!” You have heard my predictions and seen them fulfilled, but you refuse to agree it is so. Now I will tell you new things I haven’t mentioned before, secrets you haven’t heard.

Then you can’t say, “We knew that all the time!”

Yes, I’ll tell you things entirely new, for I know so well what traitors you are, rebels from earliest childhood, rotten through and through. Yet for my own sake and for the honor of my name I will hold back my anger and not wipe you out. 10 I refined you in the furnace of affliction, but found no silver there. You are worthless, with nothing good in you at all. 11 Yet for my own sake—yes, for my own sake—I will save you from my anger and not destroy you lest the heathen say their gods have conquered me. I will not let them have my glory.

12 Listen to me, my people, my chosen ones! I alone am God. I am the First; I am the Last. 13 It was my hand that laid the foundations of the earth; the palm of my right hand spread out the heavens above; I spoke and they came into being.

14 Come, all of you, and listen. Among all your idols, which one has ever told you this: “The Lord loves Cyrus. He will use him to put an end to the empire of Babylonia. He will utterly rout the armies of the Chaldeans”? 15 But I am saying it. I have called Cyrus; I have sent him on this errand, and I will prosper him.

16 Come closer and listen. I have always told you plainly what would happen, so that you could clearly understand. And now the Lord God and his Spirit have sent me (with this message):

17 The Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, says: I am the Lord your God, who punishes you for your own good and leads you along the paths that you should follow.

18 Oh, that you had listened to my laws! Then you would have had peace flowing like a gentle river, and great waves of righteousness. 19 Then you would have become as numerous as the sands along the seashores of the world, too many to count, and there would have been no need for your destruction.

20 Yet even now, be free from your captivity! Leave Babylon, singing as you go; shout to the ends of the earth that the Lord has redeemed his servants, the Jews. 21 They were not thirsty when he led them through the deserts; he divided the rock, and water gushed out for them to drink. 22 But there is no peace, says the Lord, for the wicked.

Isaiah 48 X

Tested in the Furnace of Affliction

48 1-11 “And now listen to this, family of Jacob,
    you who are called by the name Israel:
Who got you started in the loins of Judah,
    you who use God’s name to back up your promises
    and pray to the God of Israel?
But do you mean it?
    Do you live like it?
You claim to be citizens of the Holy City;
    you act as though you lean on the God of Israel,
    named God-of-the-Angel-Armies.
For a long time now, I’ve let you in on the way I work:
    I told you what I was going to do beforehand,
    then I did it and it was done, and that’s that.
I know you’re a bunch of hardheads,
    obstinate and flint-faced,
So I got a running start and began telling you
    what was going on before it even happened.
That is why you can’t say,
    ‘My god-idol did this.’
    ‘My favorite god-carving commanded this.’
You have all this evidence
    confirmed by your own eyes and ears.
    Shouldn’t you be talking about it?
And that was just the beginning.
    I have a lot more to tell you,
    things you never knew existed.
This isn’t a variation on the same old thing.
    This is new, brand-new,
    something you’d never guess or dream up.
When you hear this you won’t be able to say,
    ‘I knew that all along.’
You’ve never been good listeners to me.
    You have a history of ignoring me,
A sorry track record of fickle attachments—
    rebels from the womb.
But out of the sheer goodness of my heart,
    because of who I am,
I keep a tight rein on my anger and hold my temper.
    I don’t wash my hands of you.
Do you see what I’ve done?
    I’ve refined you, but not without fire.
    I’ve tested you like silver in the furnace of affliction.
Out of myself, simply because of who I am, I do what I do.
    I have my reputation to keep up.
    I’m not playing second fiddle to either gods or people.

12-13 “Listen, Jacob. Listen, Israel—
    I’m the One who named you!
I’m the One.
    I got things started and, yes, I’ll wrap them up.
Earth is my work, handmade.
    And the skies—I made them, too, horizon to horizon.
When I speak, they’re on their feet, at attention.

14-16 “Come everybody, gather around, listen:
    Who among the gods has delivered the news?
I, God, love this man Cyrus, and I’m using him
    to do what I want with Babylon.
I, yes I, have spoken. I’ve called him.
    I’ve brought him here. He’ll be successful.
Come close, listen carefully:
    I’ve never kept secrets from you.
    I’ve always been present with you.”

Your Progeny, Like Grains of Sand

16-19 And now, the Master, God, sends me and his Spirit
    with this Message from God,
    your Redeemer, The Holy of Israel:
“I am God, your God,
    who teaches you how to live right and well.
    I show you what to do, where to go.
If you had listened all along to what I told you,
    your life would have flowed full like a river,
    blessings rolling in like waves from the sea.
Children and grandchildren are like sand,
    your progeny like grains of sand.
There would be no end of them,
    no danger of losing touch with me.”

20 Get out of Babylon! Run from the Babylonians!
    Shout the news. Broadcast it.
Let the world know, the whole world.
    Tell them, “God redeemed his dear servant Jacob!”

21 They weren’t thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    He made water pour out of the rock;
    he split the rock and the water gushed.

22 “There is no peace,” says God, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

The Lord Will Refine His People Before He Rescues Them from Babylon

48 Listen to this, descendants of Jacob!
    You are given the name of Israel.
    You are descended from Judah.
    You take oaths by the name of Yahweh.
    You acknowledge the Elohim of Israel,
        but you are not honest or sincere.
You call yourselves citizens of the holy city.
    You depend on the Elohim of Israel.
        His name is Yahweh Tsebaoth.

From the beginning I revealed to you what would happen.
    These words came out of my mouth,
        and I made them known.
    Suddenly, I acted, and they happened.
I know that you are stubborn.
    Like iron, you are hardheaded.
    Like bronze, nothing gets through your thick skull.
That is why I revealed to you what would happen long ago.
    I told you about them before they happened.
    I did this so you couldn’t say,
    “My gods have done these things.
    My carved idols and my metal idols
        have commanded them to happen.”
You’ve heard these words.
    Now look at all this.
        Won’t you admit it?

From now on I will reveal to you new things,
    hidden things that you do not know.
They are created now, not in the past.
    You haven’t heard about them before today,
        so you can’t say that you already knew about them.
You have never heard about them.
    You have never known about them.
        Your ears have never been open to hear them before.
    I know that you’ve acted very treacherously
    and that you have been called a rebel since you were born.
For my name’s sake I’ll be patient.
    For my glory’s sake I’ll hold my anger back from you,
    rather than destroy you.
10 I have refined you,
    but not like silver.
    I have tested you in the furnace of suffering.
11 I am doing this for myself, only for myself.
    Why should my name be dishonored?
    I will not give my glory to anyone else.

12 Listen to me, Jacob,
    Israel, whom I have called.
        I am the one.
            I am the first and the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth.
    My right hand stretched out the heavens.
    When I call for them, they both stand.
14 Gather together, all of you, and listen.
    What idol has revealed such things?
    Yahweh loves Cyrus.
    He will carry out Yahweh’s plan against Babylon.
    He will use his strength against the Babylonians.
15 I alone have spoken.
    I have called him.
        I will bring him here, and he will succeed.

16 Come here. Listen to this:
    From the beginning I have spoken nothing in private.
    From the time it took place, I was there.

Now Adonay Yahweh has sent me and his Ruach.

17 This is what Yahweh, your Go’el, Qedosh Yisrael, says:

I am Yahweh your Elohim.
    I teach you what is best for you.
    I lead you where you should go.
18 If only you had listened to my commands!
    Your peace would be like a river that never runs dry.
    Your righteousness would be like waves on the sea.
19 Your descendants would be like sand.
    Your children would be like its grains.
        Their names would not be cut off or wiped out in my presence.
20 Leave Babylon; flee from the Babylonians!
    Shout for joy as you tell it and announce it.
        Shout it out to the ends of the earth.
            Say that Yahweh has reclaimed his servant Jacob.
21 They weren’t thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    He made water flow from a rock for them.
    He split a rock, and water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace for the wicked,” says Yahweh.

Isaiah 48 X

Israel’s Obstinacy

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob, who are named Israel
And who came forth from the loins of Judah,
Who swear by the name of the Lord
And invoke the God of Israel,
But not in truth nor in righteousness.
“For they call themselves after the holy city
And lean on the God of Israel;
The Lord of hosts is His name.
“I declared the former things long ago
And they went forth from My mouth, and I proclaimed them.
Suddenly I acted, and they came to pass.
“Because I know that you are obstinate,
And your neck is an iron sinew
And your forehead bronze,
Therefore I declared them to you long ago,
Before they took place I proclaimed them to you,
So that you would not say, ‘My idol has done them,
And my graven image and my molten image have commanded them.’
“You have heard; look at all this.
And you, will you not declare it?
I proclaim to you new things from this time,
Even hidden things which you have not known.
“They are created now and not long ago;
And before today you have not heard them,
So that you will not say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’
“You have not heard, you have not known.
Even from long ago your ear has not been open,
Because I knew that you would deal very treacherously;
And you have been called a rebel from birth.
For the sake of My name I delay My wrath,
And for My praise I restrain it for you,
In order not to cut you off.
10 “Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver;
I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For My own sake, for My own sake, I will act;
For how can My name be profaned?
And My glory I will not give to another.

Deliverance Promised

12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob, even Israel whom I called;
I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.
13 “Surely My hand founded the earth,
And My right hand spread out the heavens;
When I call to them, they stand together.
14 Assemble, all of you, and listen!
Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him; he will carry out His good pleasure on Babylon,
And His arm will be against the Chaldeans.
15 “I, even I, have spoken; indeed I have called him,
I have brought him, and He will make his ways successful.
16 Come near to Me, listen to this:
From the first I have not spoken in secret,
From the time it took place, I was there.
And now the Lord God has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

17 Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel,

“I am the Lord your God, who teaches you to profit,
Who leads you in the way you should go.
18 “If only you had paid attention to My commandments!
Then your well-being would have been like a river,
And your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 “Your descendants would have been like the sand,
And your offspring like its grains;
Their name would never be cut off or destroyed from My presence.”

20 Go forth from Babylon! Flee from the Chaldeans!
Declare with the sound of joyful shouting, proclaim this,
Send it out to the end of the earth;
Say, “The Lord has redeemed His servant Jacob.”
21 They did not thirst when He led them through the deserts.
He made the water flow out of the rock for them;
He split the rock and the water gushed forth.
22 There is no peace for the wicked,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

God Controls the Future

48 The Lord says, “Family of Jacob, listen to me.
    You are called Israel,
    and you come from the family of Judah.
You swear by the Lord’s name
    and praise the God of Israel,
    but you are not honest or sincere.
You call yourselves people of the holy city,
    and you depend on the God of Israel,
    who is named the Lord All-Powerful.
Long ago I told you what would happen.
    I said these things and made them known;
    suddenly I acted, and these things happened.
I knew you were stubborn;
    your neck was like an iron muscle,
    and your head was like bronze.
So a long time ago I told you about these things;
    I told you about them before they happened
so you couldn’t say, ‘My idols did this,
    and my wooden and metal statues made these things happen.’

“You heard and saw everything that happened,
    so you should tell this news to others.
Now I will tell you about new things,
    hidden things that you don’t know yet.
These things are happening now, not long ago;
    you have not heard about them before today.
So you cannot say, ‘We already knew about that.’
But you have not heard me; you have not understood.
    Even long ago you did not listen to me.
I knew you would surely turn against me;
    you have fought against me since you were born.
But for my own sake I will be patient.
    People will praise me for not becoming angry
    and destroying you.
10 I have made you pure, but not by fire, as silver is made pure.
    I have purified you by giving you troubles.
11 I do this for myself, for my own sake.
    I will not let people speak evil against me,
    and I will not let some god take my glory.

Israel Will Be Free

12 “People of Jacob, listen to me.
    People of Israel, I have called you to be my people.
I am God;
    I am the beginning and the end.
13 I made the earth with my own hands.
    With my right hand I spread out the skies.
When I call them,
    they come together before me.”

14 All of you, come together and listen.
    None of the gods said these things would happen.
The Lord has chosen someone
    to attack the Babylonians;
    he will carry out his wishes against Babylon.

15 “I have spoken; I have called him.
    I have brought him, and I will make him successful.
16 Come to me and listen to this.
    From the beginning I have spoken openly.
    From the time it began, I was there.”

Now, the Lord God
    has sent me with his Spirit.

17 This is what the Lord, who saves you,
    the Holy One of Israel, says:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you to do what is good,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 If you had obeyed me,
    you would have had peace like a full-flowing river.
    Good things would have flowed to you like the waves of the sea.
19 You would have had many children,
    as many as the grains of sand.
They would never have died out
    nor been destroyed.”

20 My people, leave Babylon!
    Run from the Babylonians!
Tell this news with shouts of joy to the people;
    spread it everywhere on earth.
Say, “The Lord has saved his servants, the people of Jacob.”
21 They did not become thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    He made water flow from a rock for them.
He split the rock,
    and water flowed out.

22 “There is no peace for evil people,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

The Lord Appeals to the Exiles

48 Listen to this, O family of Jacob,
you who are called by the name ‘Israel,’
and are descended from Judah,
who take oaths in the name of the Lord,
and invoke the God of Israel—
but not in an honest and just manner.
Indeed, they live in the holy city;
they trust in the God of Israel,
whose name is the Lord who commands armies.
“I announced events beforehand,
I issued the decrees and made the predictions;
suddenly I acted and they came to pass.
I did this because I know how stubborn you are.
Your neck muscles are like iron
and your forehead like bronze.
I announced them to you beforehand;
before they happened, I predicted them for you,
so you could never say,
‘My image did these things,
my idol, my cast image, decreed them.’
You have heard; now look at all the evidence!
Will you not admit that what I say is true?
From this point on I am announcing to you new events
that are previously unrevealed and you do not know about.
Now they come into being, not in the past;
before today you did not hear about them,
so you could not say,
‘Yes, I know about them.’
You did not hear,
you do not know,
you were not told beforehand.
For I know that you are very deceitful;
you were labeled a rebel from birth.
For the sake of my reputation I hold back my anger;
for the sake of my prestige I restrain myself from destroying you.
10 Look, I have refined you, but not as silver;
I have purified you in the furnace of misery.
11 For my sake alone I will act,
for how can I allow my name to be defiled?
I will not share my glory with anyone else!
12 Listen to me, O Jacob,
Israel, whom I summoned!
I am the one;
I am present at the very beginning
and at the very end.
13 Yes, my hand founded the earth;
my right hand spread out the sky.
I summon them;
they stand together.
14 All of you, gather together and listen!
Who among them announced these things?
The Lord’s ally will carry out his desire against Babylon;
he will exert his power against the Babylonians.
15 I, I have spoken—
yes, I have summoned him;
I lead him and he will succeed.
16 Approach me! Listen to this!
From the very first I have not spoken in secret;
when it happens, I am there.”
So now, the sovereign Lord has sent me, accompanied by his spirit.
17 This is what the Lord, your protector, says,
the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
who teaches you how to succeed,
who leads you in the way you should go.
18 If only you had obeyed my commandments,
prosperity would have flowed to you like a river,
deliverance would have come to you like the waves of the sea.
19 Your descendants would have been as numerous as sand,
and your children like its granules.
Their name would not have been cut off
and eliminated from my presence.
20 Leave Babylon!
Flee from the Babylonians!
Announce it with a shout of joy!
Make this known!
Proclaim it throughout the earth!
Say, ‘The Lord protects his servant Jacob.
21 They do not thirst as he leads them through dry regions;
he makes water flow out of a rock for them;
he splits open a rock and water flows out.’
22 There will be no prosperity for the wicked,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

Israel Is Stubborn

48 People of Jacob, listen to me.
    You are called by the name of Israel.
    You come from the family line of Judah.
You take oaths in the name of the Lord.
    You pray to Israel’s God.
But you aren’t honest.
    You don’t mean what you say.
You call yourselves citizens of the holy city of Jerusalem.
    You say you depend on Israel’s God.
    His name is The Lord Who Rules Over All. He says,
“Long ago I told you ahead of time what would happen.
    I announced it and made it known.
Then all of a sudden I acted.
    And those things took place.
I knew how stubborn you were.
    Your neck was as unbending as iron.
    Your forehead was as hard as bronze.
So I told you those things long ago.
    Before they happened I announced them to you.
I did it so you would not be able to say,
    ‘My statues of gods did them.
    My wooden and metal gods made them happen.’
You have heard me tell you those things.
    Think about all of them.
    Won’t you admit they have taken place?

“From now on I will tell you about new things that will happen.
    I have not made them known to you before.
Those things are taking place right now.
    They did not happen long ago.
    You have not heard of them before today.
So you can’t say,
    ‘Oh, yes. I already knew about them.’
You have not heard or understood what I said.
    Your ears have been plugged up for a long time.
I knew very well that you would turn against me.
    From the day you were born, you have refused to obey me.
For the honor of my own name I put off showing my anger.
    I hold it back from you so people will continue to praise me.
    I do not want to destroy you.
10 I have put you to the test in the furnace of suffering.
    I have tried to make you pure.
    But I did not use as much heat as it takes to make silver pure.
11 I tried to purify you for my own honor.
    I did it for the honor of my name.
How can I let myself be dishonored?
    I will not give up my glory to any other god.

Israel Is Set Free

12 “Family of Jacob, listen to me.
    People of Israel, pay attention.
    I have chosen you.
I am the First and the Last.
    I am the Lord.
13 With my own hand I laid the foundations of the earth.
    With my right hand I spread out the heavens.
When I send for them,
    they come and stand ready to obey me.

14 “People of Israel, come together and listen to me.
    What other god has said ahead of time that certain things would happen?
I have chosen Cyrus.
    He will carry out my plans against Babylon.
    He will use his powerful arm against the Babylonians.
15 I myself have spoken.
    I have chosen him to carry out my purpose.
I will bring him to Babylon.
    He will succeed in what I tell him to do.

16 “Come close and listen to me.

“From the first time I said Cyrus was coming,
    I did not do it in secret.
    When he comes, I will be there.”

The Lord and King has filled me with his Spirit.
    People of Israel, he has sent me to you.

17 The Lord is the Holy One of Israel.
    He sets his people free. He says to them,
“I am the Lord your God.
    I teach you what is best for you.
    I direct you in the way you should go.
18 I wish you would pay attention to my commands.
    If you did, peace would flow over you like a river.
    Holiness would sweep over you like the waves of the ocean.
19 Your family would be like the sand.
    Your children after you would be as many as the grains of sand by the sea.
    It would be impossible to count them.
I would always accept the members of your family line.
    They would never be cut off or destroyed.”

20 People of Israel, leave Babylon!
    Hurry up and get away from the Babylonians!
Here is what I want you to announce.
    Make it known with shouts of joy.
Send the news out from one end of the earth to the other.
    Say, “The Lord has set Jacob’s people free.
    They are his servants.”
21 They didn’t get thirsty when he led them through the deserts.
    He made water flow out of the rock for them.
He broke the rock open,
    and water came out of it.

22 “There is no peace for those who are evil,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

Stubborn Israel

48 “Listen to this, you descendants of Jacob,
    you who are called by the name of Israel
    and come from the line of Judah,
you who take oaths in the name of the Lord
    and invoke the God of Israel—
    but not in truth or righteousness—
you who call yourselves citizens of the holy city
    and claim to rely on the God of Israel—
    the Lord Almighty is his name:
I foretold the former things long ago,
    my mouth announced them and I made them known;
    then suddenly I acted, and they came to pass.
For I knew how stubborn you were;
    your neck muscles were iron,
    your forehead was bronze.
Therefore I told you these things long ago;
    before they happened I announced them to you
so that you could not say,
    ‘My images brought them about;
    my wooden image and metal god ordained them.’
You have heard these things; look at them all.
    Will you not admit them?

“From now on I will tell you of new things,
    of hidden things unknown to you.
They are created now, and not long ago;
    you have not heard of them before today.
So you cannot say,
    ‘Yes, I knew of them.’
You have neither heard nor understood;
    from of old your ears have not been open.
Well do I know how treacherous you are;
    you were called a rebel from birth.
For my own name’s sake I delay my wrath;
    for the sake of my praise I hold it back from you,
    so as not to destroy you completely.
10 See, I have refined you, though not as silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do this.
    How can I let myself be defamed?
    I will not yield my glory to another.

Israel Freed

12 “Listen to me, Jacob,
    Israel, whom I have called:
I am he;
    I am the first and I am the last.
13 My own hand laid the foundations of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they all stand up together.

14 “Come together, all of you, and listen:
    Which of the idols has foretold these things?
The Lord’s chosen ally
    will carry out his purpose against Babylon;
    his arm will be against the Babylonians.
15 I, even I, have spoken;
    yes, I have called him.
I will bring him,
    and he will succeed in his mission.

16 “Come near me and listen to this:

“From the first announcement I have not spoken in secret;
    at the time it happens, I am there.”

And now the Sovereign Lord has sent me,
    endowed with his Spirit.

17 This is what the Lord says—
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you what is best for you,
    who directs you in the way you should go.
18 If only you had paid attention to my commands,
    your peace would have been like a river,
    your well-being like the waves of the sea.
19 Your descendants would have been like the sand,
    your children like its numberless grains;
their name would never be blotted out
    nor destroyed from before me.”

20 Leave Babylon,
    flee from the Babylonians!
Announce this with shouts of joy
    and proclaim it.
Send it out to the ends of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob.”
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
he split the rock
    and water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

Stubborn Israel

48 ‘Listen to this, you descendants of Jacob,
    you who are called by the name of Israel
    and come from the line of Judah,
you who take oaths in the name of the Lord
    and invoke the God of Israel –
    but not in truth or righteousness –
you who call yourselves citizens of the holy city
    and claim to rely on the God of Israel –
    the Lord Almighty is his name:
I foretold the former things long ago,
    my mouth announced them and I made them known;
    then suddenly I acted, and they came to pass.
For I knew how stubborn you were;
    your neck muscles were iron,
    your forehead was bronze.
Therefore I told you these things long ago;
    before they happened I announced them to you
so that you could not say,
    “My images brought them about;
    my wooden image and metal god ordained them.”
You have heard these things; look at them all.
    Will you not admit them?

‘From now on I will tell you of new things,
    of hidden things unknown to you.
They are created now, and not long ago;
    you have not heard of them before today.
So you cannot say,
    “Yes, I knew of them.”
You have neither heard nor understood;
    from of old your ears have not been open.
Well do I know how treacherous you are;
    you were called a rebel from birth.
For my own name’s sake I delay my wrath;
    for the sake of my praise I hold it back from you,
    so as not to destroy you completely.
10 See, I have refined you, though not as silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do this.
    How can I let myself be defamed?
    I will not yield my glory to another.

Israel freed

12 ‘Listen to me, Jacob,
    Israel, whom I have called:
I am he;
    I am the first and I am the last.
13 My own hand laid the foundations of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they all stand up together.

14 ‘Come together, all of you, and listen:
    which of the idols has foretold these things?
The Lord’s chosen ally
    will carry out his purpose against Babylon;
    his arm will be against the Babylonians.
15 I, even I, have spoken;
    yes, I have called him.
I will bring him,
    and he will succeed in his mission.

16 ‘Come near me and listen to this:

‘From the first announcement I have not spoken in secret;
    at the time it happens, I am there.’

And now the Sovereign Lord has sent me,
    endowed with his Spirit.

17 This is what the Lord says –
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
‘I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you what is best for you,
    who directs you in the way you should go.
18 If only you had paid attention to my commands,
    your peace would have been like a river,
    your well-being like the waves of the sea.
19 Your descendants would have been like the sand,
    your children like its numberless grains;
their name would never be blotted out
    nor destroyed from before me.’

20 Leave Babylon,
    flee from the Babylonians!
Announce this with shouts of joy
    and proclaim it.
Send it out to the ends of the earth;
    say, ‘The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob.’
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
he split the rock
    and water gushed out.

22 ‘There is no peace,’ says the Lord, ‘for the wicked.’

Isaiah 48 X

Israel Refined for God’s Glory

48 “Hear this, O house of Jacob,
Who are called by the name of Israel,
And have come forth from the wellsprings of Judah;
Who swear by the name of the Lord,
And make mention of the God of Israel,
But not in truth or in righteousness;
For they call themselves after the holy city,
And lean on the God of Israel;
The Lord of hosts is His name:

“I have declared the former things from the beginning;
They went forth from My mouth, and I caused them to hear it.
Suddenly I did them, and they came to pass.
Because I knew that you were obstinate,
And your neck was an iron sinew,
And your brow bronze,
Even from the beginning I have declared it to you;
Before it came to pass I proclaimed it to you,
Lest you should say, ‘My idol has done them,
And my carved image and my molded image
Have commanded them.’

“You have heard;
See all this.
And will you not declare it?
I have made you hear new things from this time,
Even hidden things, and you did not know them.
They are created now and not from the beginning;
And before this day you have not heard them,
Lest you should say, ‘Of course I knew them.’
Surely you did not hear,
Surely you did not know;
Surely from long ago your ear was not opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
And were called a transgressor from the womb.

“For My name’s sake I will defer My anger,
And for My praise I will restrain it from you,
So that I do not cut you off.
10 Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver;
I have tested you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For My own sake, for My own sake, I will do it;
For how should My name be profaned?
And I will not give My glory to another.

God’s Ancient Plan to Redeem Israel

12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob,
And Israel, My called:
I am He, I am the First,
I am also the Last.
13 Indeed My hand has laid the foundation of the earth,
And My right hand has stretched out the heavens;
When I call to them,
They stand up together.

14 “All of you, assemble yourselves, and hear!
Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
He shall do His pleasure on Babylon,
And His arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken;
Yes, I have called him,
I have brought him, and his way will prosper.
16 “Come near to Me, hear this:
I have not spoken in secret from the beginning;
From the time that it was, I was there.
And now the Lord God and His Spirit
Have sent Me.”

17 Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer,
The Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
Who teaches you to profit,
Who leads you by the way you should go.
18 Oh, that you had heeded My commandments!
Then your peace would have been like a river,
And your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 Your descendants also would have been like the sand,
And the offspring of your body like the grains of sand;
His name would not have been cut off
Nor destroyed from before Me.”

20 Go forth from Babylon!
Flee from the Chaldeans!
With a voice of singing,
Declare, proclaim this,
Utter it to the end of the earth;
Say, “The Lord has redeemed
His servant Jacob!”
21 And they did not thirst
When He led them through the deserts;
He caused the waters to flow from the rock for them;
He also split the rock, and the waters gushed out.

22 There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

Israel Is Not Faithful in Following the Lord

48 “Hear this, O family of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel, and who come from the seed of Judah. They make promises in the name of the Lord, and call upon the God of Israel, but not in truth or by what is right and good. For they call themselves people of the holy city, and trust in the God of Israel. The Lord of All is His name. I made known the things that would happen long ago. From My mouth My words went out. Then all at once I did what I said I would, and they came to pass. I know that your heart is hard. Your neck is like iron, and your forehead is like brass. So I made them known to you long ago. I told you before they happened, or else you might say, ‘My false god has done them. My objects of worship have made them happen.’ You have heard, now look at all this. And will you say that you will not tell about it? I tell you new things from this time on, even hidden things which you have not known. They are made now, not long ago. Before today you have never heard of them, or you would say, ‘See, I knew them.’ You have not heard. You have not known. Even from long ago your ear has not been open, because I knew that you could not be trusted. You have been known to fight against the law and not obey from birth. Because of My name I hold back My anger. For My praise I keep Myself from cutting you off. 10 See, I have tested you, but not as silver. I have tested you in the fire of suffering. 11 For My own good, for My own good, I will do this. For why should I allow My name to be put to shame? I will not give My shining-greatness to another.

God Will Take Israel Out of Trouble

12 “Listen to Me, O Jacob, and Israel whom I called. I am He. I am the first, and I am the last. 13 My hand put the earth in its place. And My right hand spread out the heavens. When I call to them, they stand together. 14 Gather together, all of you, and listen! Who among them has made these things known? The Lord loves him. He will do to Babylon what pleases him, and his arm will be against the Babylonians. 15 I, even I, have spoken. Yes, I have called him, I have brought him, and he will do well. 16 Come near to Me and listen to this: From the beginning I have not spoken in secret. From the time it came to be, I was there. And now the Lord God has sent me and His Spirit.”

17 The Lord Who bought you and saves you, the Holy One of Israel, says, “I am the Lord your God, Who teaches you to do well, Who leads you in the way you should go. 18 If only you had listened to My Laws! Then your peace would have been like a river and your right-standing with God would have been like the waves of the sea. 19 Your children’s children would have been like the sand. Those born to you would have been like the sand. Their name would never be cut off or destroyed from before Me.”

20 Go out from Babylon! Run from the Babylonians! Call out for joy and let this be known to the end of the earth, saying, “The Lord has bought and set free His servant Jacob!” 21 They were not thirsty when He led them through the deserts. He made water flow out of the rock for them. He broke the rock, and the water flowed out. 22 “There is no peace for the sinful,” says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

God’s Stubborn People

48 “Listen to me, O family of Jacob,
    you who are called by the name of Israel
    and born into the family of Judah.
Listen, you who take oaths in the name of the Lord
    and call on the God of Israel.
You don’t keep your promises,
    even though you call yourself the holy city
and talk about depending on the God of Israel,
    whose name is the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.
Long ago I told you what was going to happen.
    Then suddenly I took action,
    and all my predictions came true.
For I know how stubborn and obstinate you are.
    Your necks are as unbending as iron.
    Your heads are as hard as bronze.
That is why I told you what would happen;
    I told you beforehand what I was going to do.
Then you could never say, ‘My idols did it.
    My wooden image and metal god commanded it to happen!’
You have heard my predictions and seen them fulfilled,
    but you refuse to admit it.
Now I will tell you new things,
    secrets you have not yet heard.
They are brand new, not things from the past.
    So you cannot say, ‘We knew that all the time!’

“Yes, I will tell you of things that are entirely new,
    things you never heard of before.
For I know so well what traitors you are.
    You have been rebels from birth.
Yet for my own sake and for the honor of my name,
    I will hold back my anger and not wipe you out.
10 I have refined you, but not as silver is refined.
    Rather, I have refined you in the furnace of suffering.
11 I will rescue you for my sake—
    yes, for my own sake!
I will not let my reputation be tarnished,
    and I will not share my glory with idols!

Freedom from Babylon

12 “Listen to me, O family of Jacob,
    Israel my chosen one!
I alone am God,
    the First and the Last.
13 It was my hand that laid the foundations of the earth,
    my right hand that spread out the heavens above.
When I call out the stars,
    they all appear in order.”

14 Have any of your idols ever told you this?
    Come, all of you, and listen:
The Lord has chosen Cyrus as his ally.
    He will use him to put an end to the empire of Babylon
    and to destroy the Babylonian armies.

15 “I have said it: I am calling Cyrus!
    I will send him on this errand and will help him succeed.
16 Come closer, and listen to this.
    From the beginning I have told you plainly what would happen.”

And now the Sovereign Lord and his Spirit
    have sent me with this message.
17 This is what the Lord says—
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you what is good for you
    and leads you along the paths you should follow.
18 Oh, that you had listened to my commands!
    Then you would have had peace flowing like a gentle river
    and righteousness rolling over you like waves in the sea.
19 Your descendants would have been like the sands along the seashore—
    too many to count!
There would have been no need for your destruction,
    or for cutting off your family name.”

20 Yet even now, be free from your captivity!
    Leave Babylon and the Babylonians.
Sing out this message!
    Shout it to the ends of the earth!
The Lord has redeemed his servants,
    the people of Israel.
21 They were not thirsty
    when he led them through the desert.
He divided the rock,
    and water gushed out for them to drink.
22 “But there is no peace for the wicked,”
    says the Lord.

Isaiah 48 X

God the Creator and Redeemer

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
    who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came forth from the loins of Judah;
who swear by the name of the Lord,
    and invoke the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and lean on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

The former things I declared long ago,
    they went out from my mouth and I made them known;
    then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from long ago,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
so that you would not say, “My idol did them,
    my carved image and my cast image commanded them.”

You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forward I make you hear new things,
    hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    so that you could not say, “I already knew them.”
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
    and that from birth you were called a rebel.

For my name’s sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    so that I may not cut you off.
10 See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of adversity.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for why should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

12 Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called:
I am He; I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they stand at attention.

14 Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him,
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this!
    From the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.
And now the Lord God has sent me and his spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you for your own good,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 O that you had paid attention to my commandments!
    Then your prosperity would have been like a river,
    and your success like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.

20 Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it forth to the end of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split open the rock and the water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

God the Creator and Redeemer

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
    who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came forth from the loins of Judah;
who swear by the name of the Lord,
    and invoke the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and lean on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

The former things I declared long ago,
    they went out from my mouth and I made them known;
    then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from long ago,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
so that you would not say, ‘My idol did them,
    my carved image and my cast image commanded them.’

You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forward I make you hear new things,
    hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    so that you could not say, ‘I already knew them.’
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
    and that from birth you were called a rebel.

For my name’s sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    so that I may not cut you off.
10 See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of adversity.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for why should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

12 Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called:
I am He; I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they stand at attention.

14 Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him,
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this!
    From the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.
And now the Lord God has sent me and his spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you for your own good,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 O that you had paid attention to my commandments!
    Then your prosperity would have been like a river,
    and your success like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.

20 Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it forth to the end of the earth;
    say, ‘The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!’
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split open the rock and the water gushed out.

22 ‘There is no peace’, says the Lord, ‘for the wicked.’

Isaiah 48 X

God the Creator and Redeemer

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
    who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came forth from the loins of Judah;
who swear by the name of the Lord,
    and invoke the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and lean on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

The former things I declared long ago,
    they went out from my mouth and I made them known;
    then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from long ago,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
so that you would not say, ‘My idol did them,
    my carved image and my cast image commanded them.’

You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forward I make you hear new things,
    hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    so that you could not say, ‘I already knew them.’
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
    and that from birth you were called a rebel.

For my name’s sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    so that I may not cut you off.
10 See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of adversity.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for why should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

12 Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called:
I am He; I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they stand at attention.

14 Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him,
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this!
    From the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.
And now the Lord God has sent me and his spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you for your own good,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 O that you had paid attention to my commandments!
    Then your prosperity would have been like a river,
    and your success like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.

20 Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it forth to the end of the earth;
    say, ‘The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!’
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split open the rock and the water gushed out.

22 ‘There is no peace’, says the Lord, ‘for the wicked.’

Isaiah 48 X

God the Creator and Redeemer

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
    who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came forth from the loins of Judah;
who swear by the name of the Lord,
    and invoke the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and lean on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

The former things I declared long ago,
    they went out from my mouth and I made them known;
    then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from long ago,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
so that you would not say, “My idol did them,
    my carved image and my cast image commanded them.”

You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forward I make you hear new things,
    hidden things that you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    so that you could not say, “I already knew them.”
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
    and that from birth you were called a rebel.

For my name’s sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    so that I may not cut you off.
10 See, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tested you in the furnace of adversity.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for why should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

12 Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called:
I am He; I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they stand at attention.

14 Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him,
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this!
    From the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.
And now the Lord God has sent me and his spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you for your own good,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 O that you had paid attention to my commandments!
    Then your prosperity would have been like a river,
    and your success like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.

20 Go out from Babylon, flee from Chaldea,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it forth to the end of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They did not thirst when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he split open the rock and the water gushed out.

22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear ye this, O Bais Ya’akov, which are called b’shem Yisroel, and are come forth out of the waters of Yehudah, which take oaths b’Shem Hashem, and invoke Elohei Yisroel, but not in emes, nor in tzedakah.

For they call themselves of the Ir HaKodesh, and lean themselves upon Elohei Yisroel; Hashem Tzva’os Shmo.

I have declared the rishonot (former things) from long ago; and they went forth out of My mouth, and I made them known; I acted pitom (suddenly), and they came to pass.

Because I knew that thou art kesheh (obstinate, stubborn) and thy oref (neck) is sinew of barzel (iron), and thy metzach (brow, forehead) bronze;

I have even from long ago preached it to thee; before it came to pass I caused thee to hear it; lest thou shouldest say, Mine atzav (idol) hath done them, and my pesel, and my nesech (molten idol, metal image) hath commanded them.

Thou hast heard, look at all this; and will not ye preach it? I have caused thee to hear chadashot (new things) from this time, even netzurot (hidden things) and thou didst not know them.

Now they are created, and not from long ago; before today thou heardest them not; lest thou shouldest say, Hinei, I knew them.

Thou heardest not; thou had no da’as; from of old, thine ozen (ear) was not opened; for I knew that thou wouldest deal as a boged (treacherous betrayer), and thou wast called a poshei’a (rebel, transgressor) from the beten (womb, i.e., birth; See Ps 51:5).

Lema’an Shmi (for the sake of My Name) will I defer Mine anger, and for My tehillah (praise) will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off.

10 Hinei, I have refined thee, but not as kesef; I have chosen thee in the furnace of oni (affliction).

11 For Mine own sake, even for Mine own sake will I do it; for how can I allow Chillul Hashem? And I will not give My kavod unto another.

12 Pay heed unto Me, O Ya’akov and Yisroel, My called; I am He; I am Rishon, I also am Acharon.

13 Mine Yad also hath laid the foundation of Eretz, and My yamin hath measured Shomayim; when I call them, they stand up together.

14 All ye, assemble yourselves, and listen. Which among them [the pesilim, idols] hath declared these things? Hashem hath loved him [i.e., Cyrus], he will do His chafetz (pleasure, will) on Babylon, and His zero’a shall be on the Kasdim (Chaldeans).

15 I, even I, have spoken; indeed, I have called him [i.e., Cyrus]; I have brought him, and He shall make his derech successful.

16 Come ye near unto Me, hear ye this; I have not spoken baseter (in secret) merosh (from the first); from the time that it takes place, there am I; and now Adonoi Hashem, and His Ruach [Hakodesh], hath sent Me [Moshiach, the Eved Hashem; see Isaiah 42:1; see Hashem’s Kedushah HaMeshulleshet here].

17 Thus saith Hashem, thy Go’el, the Kadosh Yisroel; I am Hashem Eloheicha thy Melamed (Teacher) of doing that which profiteth, thy Madrikh (Guide, Instructor) in the Derech that thou shouldest go.

18 O if only thou hadst paid heed to My mitzvot! Then had thy shalom been like a nahar, and thy tzedakah as the waves of the yam;

19 Thy zera also had been like the chol (sand), and those that come out of thy loins like me’otav (sands of the sea thereof); his shem should not have been cut off nor destroyed from before Me.

20 Go ye forth of Babylon, flee ye from the Kasdim (Chaldeans), with a voice of joyful singing declare ye, preach this, send it forth even to the ketzeh ha’aretz; say ye, Hashem hath redeemed His Eved Ya’akov.

21 And they thirsted not when He led them through the deserts; He caused the mayim to flow out of the Tzur for them; He split the Tzur also, and the mayim gushed out.

22 There is no shalom, saith Hashem, unto the resha’im.

Yeshayah 48 X

God the Creator and Redeemer

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came forth from the loins of Judah;
who swear by the name of the Lord,
    and confess the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and stay themselves on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

“The former things I declared of old,
    they went forth from my mouth and I made them known;
    then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from of old,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
lest you should say, ‘My idol did them,
    my graven image and my molten image commanded them.’

“You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forth I make you hear new things,
    hidden things which you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    lest you should say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
    and that from birth you were called a rebel.

“For my name’s sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    that I may not cut you off.
10 Behold, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for how should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

12 “Hearken to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called!
I am He, I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I call to them,
    they stand forth together.

14 “Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chalde′ans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him,
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this:
    from the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.”
And now the Lord God has sent me and his Spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you to profit,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 O that you had hearkened to my commandments!
    Then your peace would have been like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.”

20 Go forth from Babylon, flee from Chalde′a,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it forth to the end of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They thirsted not when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he cleft the rock and the water gushed out.
22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

God the Creator and Redeemer

48 Hear this, O house of Jacob,
who are called by the name of Israel,
    and who came forth from the loins of Judah;
who swear by the name of the Lord,
    and confess the God of Israel,
    but not in truth or right.
For they call themselves after the holy city,
    and stay themselves on the God of Israel;
    the Lord of hosts is his name.

“The former things I declared of old,
    they went forth from my mouth and I made them known;
    then suddenly I did them and they came to pass.
Because I know that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew
    and your forehead brass,
I declared them to you from of old,
    before they came to pass I announced them to you,
lest you should say, ‘My idol did them,
    my graven image and my molten image commanded them.’

“You have heard; now see all this;
    and will you not declare it?
From this time forth I make you hear new things,
    hidden things which you have not known.
They are created now, not long ago;
    before today you have never heard of them,
    lest you should say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’
You have never heard, you have never known,
    from of old your ear has not been opened.
For I knew that you would deal very treacherously,
    and that from birth you were called a rebel.

“For my name’s sake I defer my anger,
    for the sake of my praise I restrain it for you,
    that I may not cut you off.
10 Behold, I have refined you, but not like silver;
    I have tried you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake, for my own sake, I do it,
    for how should my name be profaned?
    My glory I will not give to another.

12 “Hearken to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel, whom I called!
I am He, I am the first,
    and I am the last.
13 My hand laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I call to them,
    they stand forth together.

14 “Assemble, all of you, and hear!
    who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him;
    he shall perform his purpose on Babylon,
    and his arm shall be against the Chalde′ans.
15 I, even I, have spoken and called him,
    I have brought him, and he will prosper in his way.
16 Draw near to me, hear this:
    from the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
    from the time it came to be I have been there.”
And now the Lord God has sent me and his Spirit.

17 Thus says the Lord,
    your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:
“I am the Lord your God,
    who teaches you to profit,
    who leads you in the way you should go.
18 O that you had hearkened to my commandments!
    Then your peace would have been like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea;
19 your offspring would have been like the sand,
    and your descendants like its grains;
their name would never be cut off
    or destroyed from before me.”

20 Go forth from Babylon, flee from Chalde′a,
    declare this with a shout of joy, proclaim it,
send it forth to the end of the earth;
    say, “The Lord has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They thirsted not when he led them through the deserts;
    he made water flow for them from the rock;
    he cleft the rock and the water gushed out.
22 “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

48 Listen closely, you descendants of Jacob who are called Israel!
    Hear this, you who trace your ancestors back to Judah,
Who take oaths in the name of the Eternal, and call on the God of Israel,
    but do so dishonestly and inappropriately:
Your identity is wrapped up in the holy city,
    and you claim to rely on the God of Israel,
The One who is called the Eternal, Commander of heavenly armies.

Eternal One: In times long past, I determined
        and announced the things that would come.
    Then suddenly I acted, and they indeed happened.
    Long ago, I figured that you’d resist
        (after all, you are a hard-headed and stubborn lot).
    Way back then, I told you what would happen so that you wouldn’t claim
        that some other god was responsible—that some figurine you crafted
    From wood and molded metal commanded and accomplished it.
    You’ve heard what I foretold; now you’ve seen what has happened—
        do you agree that I’m God?
    Well, from this moment, I am telling you new things,
        secrets hidden that no one has known.
    They are created now—brand new, never before announced, never before heard.
        So you can’t claim, “Look, I already knew them.”
    There’s no way you could have heard or known
        because, even from long ago, you have never listened.
    For I’ve always known that you are a conniving lot;
        you’ve been a troublesome rebel from birth.

    On account of My reputation, I hold back my anger;
        for My own weighty grandeur, I am patient with you,
    So that I don’t make an absolute break with you.
10     I have refined you, but not in the way silver is refined.
        Instead, I try you in the furnace of suffering.

For God, suffering is not an end in itself. God uses suffering and hardship to purge the bad and foster the good in His covenant people.

11     But it is all on account of Me, not of you, that I act,
        that I retain honor, that My glory is Mine alone, and not sullied.

12     Listen to Me, O Jacob, Israel whom I’ve specially named,
        specially chosen, and not without purpose.
    I Am the first of all things, and I will be the last.
13     It is by My power, My desire, My doing that the earth was anchored.
        My hand flung the skies. I established them,
    And when I call, they pay the strictest attention.

14 Come and listen, all of you! Did any of you tell in advance
    that the Eternal’s beloved would press diligently
Against Babylon’s might and overcome Chaldea as He desired?

15 Eternal One: No, only I, I the Eternal One knew this would happen.
        I was the one who summoned him, who led him,
    Who determined that he would have such victory.
16     Come even closer, and hear: from the beginning I spoke,
        not hiding away in hushed secret. I Am and will be;
    I was before anything was at all.

    The Lord, the Eternal, has sent me and His Spirit.
17         The Eternal One, who rescued you, the Holy One of Israel declares,

Eternal One: I am the Eternal One your God. I have given you My instruction
        for living well and right, leading you in how you should be and do.
18     If only you had listened to My instruction,
        then you would have been flooded with peace;
    Your righteousness would have risen and crested like waves on the sea.
19     Your people would have multiplied to become like the grains of sand,
        and your children would be like grains of wheat.
    And they would be forever in My mind and My presence.

20 Leave Babylon; run swiftly from Chaldea! And let it be known
    with a joyous shout, to the ends of the earth,
That the Eternal One has rescued Jacob, His servant!
21 And though He guided them through desert places, with no water in sight,
    they were never thirsty.
Just as in Moses’ time, God made the rocks gush water,
    split the rock and made water pour streaming out.

22 Eternal One: Ah, but the malicious and wicked will never be at peace.

Isaiah 48 X

48 “Hear this, house of Jacob,
    you who are called by the name of Israel,
    and have come out of the waters of Judah.
You swear by Yahweh’s name,
    and make mention of the God of Israel,
    but not in truth, nor in righteousness
(for they call themselves citizens of the holy city,
    and rely on the God of Israel;
    Yahweh of Armies is his name):
I have declared the former things from of old;
    yes, they went out of my mouth, and I revealed them.
    I did them suddenly, and they happened.
Because I knew that you are obstinate,
    and your neck is an iron sinew,
    and your brow brass;
therefore I have declared it to you from of old;
    before it came to pass I showed it to you;
    lest you should say, ‘My idol has done them, and my engraved image, and my molten image, has commanded them.’
You have heard it;
    see all this.
    And you, won’t you declare it?

“I have shown you new things from this time,
    even hidden things, which you have not known.
They are created now, and not from of old;
    and before today you didn’t hear them;
    lest you should say, ‘Behold, I knew them.’
Yes, you didn’t hear;
    yes, you didn’t know;
    yes, from of old your ear was not opened:
for I knew that you dealt very treacherously,
    and were called a transgressor from the womb.
For my name’s sake, I will defer my anger,
    and for my praise I hold it back for you,
    so that I don’t cut you off.
10 Behold, I have refined you,
    but not as silver.
    I have chosen you in the furnace of affliction.
11 For my own sake,
    for my own sake, I will do it;
for how would my name be profaned?
    I will not give my glory to another.

12 “Listen to me, O Jacob,
    and Israel my called:
I am he;
    I am the first,
    I am also the last.
13 Yes, my hand has laid the foundation of the earth,
    and my right hand has spread out the heavens.
    when I call to them, they stand up together.

14 “Assemble yourselves, all of you, and hear;
    who among them has declared these things?
He whom Yahweh loves will do what he likes to Babylon,
    and his arm will be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, even I, have spoken;
    yes, I have called him.
I have brought him,
    and he shall make his way prosperous.

16 “Come near to me and hear this:

“From the beginning I have not spoken in secret;
    from the time that it happened, I was there.”

Now the Lord Yahweh has sent me,
    with his Spirit.

17 Yahweh,
    your Redeemer,
    the Holy One of Israel says:
“I am Yahweh your God,
    who teaches you to profit,
    who leads you by the way that you should go.
18 Oh that you had listened to my commandments!
    Then your peace would have been like a river,
    and your righteousness like the waves of the sea.
19 Your offspring also would have been as the sand,
    and the descendants of your body like its grains.
    His name would not be cut off nor destroyed from before me.”
20 Leave Babylon!
    Flee from the Chaldeans!
With a voice of singing announce this,
    tell it even to the end of the earth:
    say, “Yahweh has redeemed his servant Jacob!”
21 They didn’t thirst when he led them through the deserts.
    He caused the waters to flow out of the rock for them.
    He split the rock also, and the waters gushed out.

22 “There is no peace”, says Yahweh, “for the wicked.”

Isaiah 48 X

48 The house of Jacob, that be called by the name of Israel, and went out of the waters of Judah, hear these things, which swear in the name of the Lord, and have mind on God of Israel, not in truth, neither in rightfulness. (Hear ye these things, the house of Jacob, who be called by the name of Israel, and who went out of the seed, or the descendants, of Judah, who swear by the name of the Lord, and who remember the God of Israel, but not in truth, or in righteousness.)

For they be called of the holy city (For they call themselves citizens of the holy city), and be stablished on the God of Israel, the Lord of hosts is his name.

From that time I told (of) the former things, and those went out of my mouth; and I made them known; (then) suddenly I wrought (them), and those things came (to be).

For I knew that thou art hard, and thy noll is (like) a sinew of iron, and thy forehead is (like) of brass.

I before-said to thee from that time; before that those things came, I showed (them) to thee; lest peradventure thou wouldest say, Mine idols did these things, and my graven images, and my molten images, sent these things, (I told thee before the time; before that those things came, I showed them to thee; lest thou wouldest say, My idols did these things, yea, my carved idols, and my cast idols, have commanded these things to be.)

which thou heardest. See thou all things, but ye told not. I made heard new things to thee from that time, and things be kept which thou knowest not; (Thou hast heard, and seen, all these things, but ye have not told them out. I made known to thee new things from that time, and hidden things which thou knewest not before;)

now those be made of nought, and not from that time, and before the day, and thou heardest not (of) those things; lest peradventure thou say, Lo! I knew those things. (and those things be made out of nothing, and were not from that time, yea, before today thou heardest not of those things; lest thou now say, Lo! I knew all these things.)

Neither thou heardest, neither thou knewest, neither thine ear was opened from that time; for I know, that thou trespassing shalt trespass, and I called thee a trespasser from the womb.

For my name I shall make far my strong vengeance, and with my praising I shall refrain (for) thee, lest thou perish. (For the sake of my name I shall make my strong vengeance to go far away, and for the sake of my praises I shall refrain from hurting thee, lest thou perish.)

10 Lo! I have sodden thee, but not as silver; I chose thee in the chimney of poverty. (Lo! I have tested thee, but not like silver; I chose thee in the furnace of affliction.)

11 I shall do for me, that I be not blasphemed (I shall do it for my own sake, so that I be not blasphemed), and I shall not give my glory to another.

12 Jacob and Israel (Jacob, yea, Israel), whom I call(ed), hear thou me; I myself, I am the first, and I am the last.

13 And mine hand founded the earth, and my right hand meted (the) heavens; I shall call them, and they shall stand (up) together (and when I call them, they stand up at once).

14 All ye be gathered together, and hear; who of them told [out] these things? The Lord loved him, he shall do his will in Babylon, and his arm in Chaldees (and his arm, or his power, shall be upon the Chaldeans).

15 I, I spake, and called him; I brought him, and his way was (ad)dressed. (I, I spoke, and called him; I brought him, and his way shall prosper.)

16 Nigh ye to me, and hear ye these things; at the beginning I spake not in huddles, either private (Come ye to me, and hear ye these things; from the beginning, I did not speak in secret, or in private); from (the) time, before that (these) things were made, I was there, and now the Lord God, and his Spirit, (have) sent me.

17 The Lord, thine again-buyer, the Holy of Israel, saith these things, I am thy Lord God, teaching thee profitable things, and I govern thee in the way, wherein thou goest. (The Lord, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, saith these things, I am the Lord thy God, teaching thee profitable things, and I govern thee on the way, on which thou goest.)

18 I would that thou haddest perceived my commandments, thy peace had been made as [a] flood, and thy rightfulness as the swells of the sea; (O that thou haddest followed my commandments! then thy peace would have flowed like a river, and thy righteousness like the swells of the sea;)

19 and thy seed had been as gravel, and the generation of thy womb, as the little stones thereof; the name of it had not perished, and had not been all-broken from my face. (and thy children would have been like the sand, and the descendants from thy womb, like its grains in number; their name would not have perished, and would not have been all-broken, or blotted out, from my sight.)

20 Go ye out of Babylon, flee ye from Chaldees; tell ye in the voice of full out joying; make ye this heard, and bear ye it unto the last parts of [the] earth; say ye, The Lord again-bought his servant Jacob. (Go ye out of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans; tell ye in the voice of rejoicing; make ye this heard, and carry ye it unto the ends of the earth; say ye, The Lord hath redeemed, or hath rescued, his servant Jacob.)

21 They thirsted not in the desert, when he led them out; he brought forth to them water of a stone, and he parted the stone, and waters flowed. (They did not thirst in the desert, when he led them out; he brought forth water out of a stone for them, yea, he parted the stone, and the waters flowed out.)

22 Peace is not to wicked men, saith the Lord. (There is no peace, or rest, for the wicked, saith the Lord.)

Isaiah 48 X

48 Hear ye this, O house of Jacob, Who are called by the name of Israel, And from the waters of Judah came out, Who are swearing by the name of Jehovah, And of the God of Israel make mention, Not in truth nor in righteousness.

For from the Holy City they have been called, And on the God of Israel been supported, Jehovah of Hosts [is] His name.

The former things from that time I declared, And from my mouth they have gone forth, And I proclaim them, Suddenly I have done, and it cometh.

From my knowing that thou art obstinate, And a sinew of iron thy neck, And thy forehead brass,

And I declare to thee from that time, Before it cometh I have caused thee to hear, Lest thou say, `Mine idol hath done them, And my graven image, And my molten image did command them.

Thou hast heard, see the whole of it, And ye, do ye not declare? I have caused thee to hear new things from this time, And things reserved that ye knew not.

Now they have been produced and not from that time, Yea, before the day, and thou hast not heard them, Lest thou say, `Lo, I have known them.'

Yea, thou hast not heard, Yea, thou hast not known, Yea, from that time not opened hath thine ear, For I have known thou dealest treacherously, And `Transgressor from the belly,' One is crying to thee.

For My name's sake I defer Mine anger, And My praise I restrain for thee, So as not to cut thee off.

10 Lo, I have refined thee, and not with silver, I have chosen thee in a furnace of affliction.

11 For My sake, for Mine own sake, I do [it], For how is it polluted? And Mine honour to another I give not.

12 Hearken to me, O Jacob, and Israel, My called one, I [am] He, I [am] first, and I [am] last;

13 Also, My hand hath founded earth, And My right hand stretched out the heavens, I am calling unto them, they stand together.

14 Be gathered all of you, and hear, Who among them did declare these things? Jehovah hath loved him, He doth His pleasure on Babylon, And His arm [is on] the Chaldeans.

15 I -- I have spoken, yea, I have called him, I have brought him in, And he hath made prosperous his way.

16 Come ye near unto me, hear this, Not from the beginning in secret spake I, From the time of its being, there [am] I, And now the Lord Jehovah hath sent me, and His Spirit.

17 Thus said Jehovah, thy redeemer, The Holy One of Israel, `I [am] Jehovah thy God, teaching thee to profit, Causing thee to tread in the way thou goest.

18 O that thou hadst attended to My commands, Then as a river is thy peace, And thy righteousness as billows of the sea,

19 And as sand is thy seed, And the offspring of thy bowels as its gravel, Not cut off nor destroyed his name before Me.

20 Go out from Babylon, flee from the Chaldeans, With a voice of singing declare, Cause ye this to be heard, Bring it forth unto the end of the earth, Say, Redeemed hath Jehovah His servant Jacob.

21 And they have not thirsted in waste places, He hath caused them to go on, Waters from a rock he hath caused to flow to them, Yea, he cleaveth a rock, and flow do waters.

22 There is no peace, said Jehovah, to the wicked!

Isaiah 48 X
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