3:27 what becomes of our boasting. The point made in 2:17, 23 resurfaces. Since Jew and Gentile alike are under wrath for their sin, and since the law does not protect Jews, but rather reveals their condemnation, and since the gospel exposes a person’s unrighteousness while revealing God’s righteousness, no one, not even a Jew, has grounds for boasting (4:2, 3). Indeed, boasting “is excluded,” since faith alone (vv. 27, 28, 30), not human achievement, brings salvation.