6:4, 5 These verses are framed by references to Egypt (from which Israel was delivered) and Gilgal (where Israel entered the Promised Land, Josh. 4:19). All God’s saving acts during Israel’s formative period are included: the Passover and Exodus, guidance by the pillar of fire and cloud, miraculous provision of food and water, the provision of able leaders (“Moses, Aaron, and Miriam”), and victory over enemies. God’s wonderful provision for His people during this period foreshadowed the church’s experience with Christ (John 6:33; 1 Cor. 5:7; 10:1–4).