5:1–12 A significant moment (v. 9), with the wilderness behind them and the new life in the Land of Promise before them (vv. 11, 12), is marked by two symbolic actions: circumcision (vv. 2–8) and the Passover (v. 10). Circumcision was the sign of the covenant with Abraham (Gen. 17:9–14 notes), and was required for participation in the Passover (Ex. 12:48). Circumcision marked the people of the promise; the Passover celebrated their redemption from Egypt. Both the promise to Abraham and the redemption from Egypt looked forward to this day (Gen. 17:8; Ex. 3:8).