Isa 45:1

45:1 his anointed. This title is not used elsewhere of anyone outside Israel, and its application to Cyrus would have shocked Isaiah’s audience.

right hand I have grasped. He rules by Yahweh’s authority (41:2; 48:14; cf. Ps. 2:8, 9; 110:1).

nations . . . kings. See note 41:2.