41:22 what is to happen . . . outcome. The Lord alone plans, declares, and executes. See note at 11:2.
former things. See 42:9; 43:9; 46:9; 48:3. These include past prophecies of events, especially God’s abandonment of Israel and Judah as recorded in chs. 1–35.
things to come. See 42:23; 44:7; 45:11; 46:10. These are prophecies of the Lord’s favor and the full establishment of His kingdom, as in chs. 40–66.