2:9 James and Cephas and John. See notes on v. 7; 1:18, 19. These three men had special authority in the early Jerusalem church. Peter and John are frequently seen together (Acts 3; 4), and James was prominent in the Jerusalem church (Acts 12:17; 15:13; 21:18). “Pillars” was used as a metaphor in Greek as in English for persons in important leadership positions.