1:9 to a holy calling. The goal of God’s election and calling is the sanctification of His people (Eph. 1:4).
not . . . grace. This is a marvelous affirmation that salvation is by grace, not by human merit (Eph. 2:8, 9).
because of his own purpose. God’s decree of redemption is based solely on His own purpose and good pleasure. Elsewhere, this divine purpose is identified as mercy (Titus 3:5) and love (Eph. 1:4, 5).
before the ages began. An affirmation that the divine decree of redemption through Christ is from eternity (Eph. 1:4; Titus 1:2; 1 Pet. 1:20; Rev. 13:8).