In this chapter the prophet goes on to show, I. What great things God would do for his church and people, which should now shortly be accomplished in the deliverance of Jerusalem from Sennacherib and the destruction of the Assyrian army; but it is expressed generally, for the encouragement of the church in after ages, with reference to the power and prevalency of her enemies. 1. That proud oppressors should be reckoned with, Isa. 27:1. 2. That care should be taken of the church, as of God’s vineyard, Isa. 27:2, 3. 3. That God would let fall his controversy with the people, upon their return to him, Isa. 27:4, 5. 4. That he would greatly multiply and increase them, Isa. 27:6. 5. That, as to their afflictions, the property of them should be altered (Isa. 27:7), they should be mitigated and moderated (Isa. 27:8), and sanctified, Isa. 27:9. 6. That though the church might be laid waste, and made desolate, for a time (Isa. 27:10, 11), yet it should be restored, and the scattered members should be gathered together again, Isa. 27:12, 13. All this is applicable to the grace of the gospel, and God’s promises to, and providences concerning, the Christian church, and such as belong to it.