7707 apostles, designation of
An apostle is one who is “sent” by Jesus Christ. The word is used to refer especially to the inner circle of Christ’s twelve disciples, but is also used specifically to refer to Paul, who was commissioned as an apostle by the risen Christ. The term is also applied more loosely to certain other leading Christians in the NT period.
Jesus Christ as an apostle
Heb 3:1 This is the only place where the word “apostle” is used of Jesus Christ, though many passages refer to him as “sent”; Jn 20:21 Jesus Christ, as God’s “sent one”, sets the standard and pattern for all who are likewise “sent” (i.e., for all apostolic ministry). See also Mt 10:40; Mk 9:37; Jn 5:23-24; Jn 12:44-45
The twelve apostles called by Jesus Christ
Their number Jn 6:70 “the Twelve” is frequently used to designate these specially chosen disciples. The number twelve evokes the twelve tribes of Israel. See also Mt 19:28; Mt 20:17; Mk 11:11; Lk 8:1; Ac 6:2; 1Co 15:5; Rev 21:14
Their commissioning by the risen Christ Mt 28:18-20
The replacement for Judas See also Ac 1:15-26 The symbolic number (twelve) is thus preserved.
The qualifications for being an apostle Ac 1:21-22
Paul as an apostle
Paul’s apostleship and the church 1Co 9:1-2 In Paul’s case the sense of title or office and the ministry and function virtually coincide. He is an apostle both because he has seen and been commissioned by the risen Christ and because he functioned as an apostle by founding churches.
Andronicus and Junias Ro 16:7
Silas 1Th 2:6
|2327||Christ as servant|
|2339||Christ, example of|
|7160||servants of the Lord|
|7631||Twelve, calling of|