Derived from “Judah” (the southern kingdom of the divided monarchy) the term refers to the religion and culture of the Jews from the time of the exile (586
The exile and the beginnings of Judaism
New forms of religion after the exile, probably beginning in Babylon
Emphasis on the Scriptures Ne 7:73-8:3
Synagogue worship Lk 4:16-17 Unable to sacrifice in the temple, the exiles would have focused their worship on the Scriptures, a practice which developed into synagogue worship.
The temple and sacrifice
The returning exiles recommence the sacrifices Ezr 3:1-6
Studying and obeying the law
Studying Scripture Jn 5:39
Groups within NT Judaism
Sadducees Ac 5:17 A powerful minority group, politically astute whilst theologically conservative, they saw temple worship as the chief purpose of the law. See also Mt 3:7; Mk 12:18 pp Mt 22:23 pp Lk 20:27
Zealots Lk 6:15 They favoured a “holy war” to drive out the Romans.
Judaism and Christianity
Conflict produced by Jewish influence among the first Christians Ac 15:5 See also Ac 15:1-2; Gal 2:11-16 Judaism gave birth to Christianity. After an initial uneasy co-existence a total break finally ensued.
|7245||Judah, kingdom of|
|7464||teachers of the law|
|7610||Council of Jerusalem|