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6027 sin, God’s remedy for

6027 sin, God’s remedy for

Under the old covenant, sin was forgiven through sacrifice, prefiguring the atoning death of Jesus Christ, which brings forgiveness of sins under the new covenant.

Atonement for sins in the OT was through the shedding of blood

Lev 17:11

Kinds of sin offering in the OT

The sin offering was for unintentional sins Lev 4:1-5:13 See also Nu 15:22-31

The guilt offering was for unintentional sins, where restitution was required Lev 5:14-6:7 See also Nu 5:5-10

The annual Day of Atonement cleansed the nation of sin Lev 16:1-34 See also Ex 30:11-16; Lev 23:26-32; Heb 9:7

The priests made atonement on occasions of deliberate national sin Nu 16:46-48 Aaron stops the plague after Korah’s sin; Nu 25:13 Phinehas stops the plague after Moab caused Israel to sin.

Sacrifices of atonement needed to be accompanied by repentance and a willingness to obey

Worshippers recognised the need for repentance and obedience Pr 21:3 See also Ps 40:6-8; Ps 51:16-17

The prophets declared the need for obedience 1Sa 15:22 See also Isa 1:11-17; Jer 7:21-23; Hos 6:6; Mic 6:6-8

The prophets warned of judgment to bring people to repentance 2Ki 17:13 See also Isa 31:6-7; Jer 4:1-4; Jer 35:15; Eze 3:16-19; Jnh 3:4-10

The death of Jesus Christ brings forgiveness for sin

Jesus Christ died on behalf of sinful humanity Ro 5:6 See also Mt 26:26-28; Jn 10:11; Jn 15:13; Gal 2:20

The early church proclaimed that Christ died for the sins of others 1Co 15:3 See also Ro 4:25; Gal 1:4; 1Pe 3:18

Jesus Christ bore sin on the cross 2Co 5:21 See also Isa 53:10-12; Heb 9:28; 1Pe 2:24

Jesus Christ has redeemed people by taking their place Mt 20:28 pp Mk 10:45 See also Gal 3:13; 1Ti 2:6; Tit 2:14

Jesus Christ’s death is sacrificial Ro 3:25 See also Ro 8:3; 1Co 5:7; Eph 5:2; Heb 7:27; Heb 10:5-13; 1Jn 2:2; 1Jn 4:10

The shedding of Jesus Christ’s blood brings forgiveness 1Jn 1:7 See also Jn 1:29; Eph 1:7; Heb 9:12-22; Heb 13:12; 1Pe 1:18-19; Rev 7:14

See also

2315Christ as Lamb
2321Christ as redeemer
2324Christ as Saviour
2525Christ, cross of
2560Christ, resurrection
6614atonement
6648expiation
6652forgiveness
6712propitiation
7314blood
7402offerings
7435sacrifice, in OT

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