The return of something lost or stolen so that the original situation is restored. This central theme of the OT law is supremely fulfilled through Jesus Christ making restitution for Adam’s sin, thus restoring fellowship with God and hope of eternal life.
Reasons for restitution
For unintentional sin Lev 5:14-16
As part of confession Nu 5:5-7
In cases of misplaced accusation Ps 69:4
The basis of decisions regarding restitution
Arbitration Ex 22:8-9
Land should belong to its rightful owners 2Sa 9:7
Examples of restitution
1Sa 6:17 The Philistines make restitution for desecrating the ark of God; 1Ki 20:34 Ben-Hadad makes restitution for the cities his father had taken from Israel; 2Ki 8:1-6 The king makes restitution to the Shunammite by returning her house and land; Ne 5:10-12 Nehemiah orders restitution to be made to the poor; Lk 19:8-9 Zacchaeus makes restitution to those he had cheated.
The act of restitution is to be motivated by love
God promises physical restitution
Jesus Christ makes restitution for sin
Restitution is made to Jesus Christ
Restitution is made to those who make sacrifices for the gospel
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