5366 king

5366 king

The ruler or monarch of a country or realm. God is king of all the earth and human kings are called to rule in accordance with his will. The failure of kings in Israel and Judah after David led to the expectation of a coming king like David. This was fulfilled in Jesus Christ: the true King of Israel and all the world.

God is king of his people and of all the earth

Ps 47:8 The Hebrew refers to the rule of a king; 1Ti 6:15-16 See also Ex 15:18; 1Sa 12:12; 2Ch 20:6; Ps 24:10; Ps 47:2,6-7; Ps 93:1; Ps 96:10; Ps 97:1; Ps 99:1; Isa 6:5; Isa 44:6; 1Ti 1:17; Rev 15:3; Rev 19:6

Significant kings

Melchizedek, king of Salem Ge 14:18; Heb 5:6,10; Heb 6:20-7:17; Ps 110:4

The Pharaohs, the kings of Egypt Ge 12:14-20; Ge 41:39-40; Ex 12:30-32; Ex 14:4; 1Ki 3:1; 2Ki 23:29,33-34; Eze 32:1-10; Ro 9:17

Saul Israel’s demand for a king is seen as a rejection of God’s rule: 1Sa 8:4-9,19-22; 1Sa 10:17-19; 1Sa 12:12-15 The king is seen as a gracious gift from God: 1Sa 9:1-2; 1Sa 10:1,24; 1Sa 11:14-15; 1Sa 13:1,11-14; 1Sa 15:17,26 Saul’s death: 1Sa 31:1-4 pp 1Ch 10:1-4; 1Ch 10:13-14

David 1Ch 29:26-28 pp 1Ki 2:10-12 See also 1Sa 16:13; 2Sa 5:3-5 pp 1Ch 11:3; 2Sa 8:1-14 pp 1Ch 18:1-13; 1Ki 11:38; Ps 18:50; Ps 78:70-72 God’s covenant with David: 2Sa 7:8-16 pp 1Ch 17:7-14; 1Ki 9:4-5; 2Ch 7:17-18; Ps 132:11-12

Solomon 2Sa 12:24-25; 1Ki 2:12 pp 2Ch 1:1; 1Ki 4:29-34; 1Ki 6:1 pp 2Ch 3:1 Solomon began to build the temple; 1Ki 10:23-25 pp 2Ch 9:22-24; 1Ki 11:1,4,42-43 pp 2Ch 9:30-31 Solomon’s death

Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon 2Ki 24:1 pp 2Ch 36:6-7 Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem in 588 B.C.: 2Ki 25:1 pp 2Ch 36:17 pp Jer 39:1 pp Jer 52:4; Da 1:1
Jer 21:7; Jer 27:6,8; Eze 29:18-19 Nebuchadnezzar besieged Tyre for 15 years; Da 2:1,46-47; Da 3:1 the image of gold; Da 3:28-29; Da 4:28-37

Cyrus, king of Persia 2Ch 36:22-23 pp Ezr 1:1-4; Ezr 5:13-6:5; Isa 44:28-45:1,13; Da 6:28

The Herods, rulers in Palestine Herod the Great: Mt 2:1-3,16 Herod Antipas: Mt 14:1-2 pp Mk 6:14-16 pp Lk 9:7-9; Mk 8:15; Lk 3:19-20; Lk 13:31; Lk 23:7-12; Ac 4:27 Herod Agrippa I: Ac 12:1-4,19-23

The kings of the united kingdom

Saul 1Sa 10:20-24; 1Sa 11:12-15

David 1Sa 16:13; 2Sa 2:1-4; 2Sa 5:1-5; 1Ki 2:11; 1Ch 11:1-29:30

Solomon 1Ki 1:39; 2Ch 1:1-9:31

The kings of Israel, the northern kingdom

Jeroboam I 1Ki 12:20,25-14:20

Nadab 1Ki 15:25-31

Baasha 1Ki 15:32-16:7

Elah 1Ki 16:8-14

Zimri 1Ki 16:15-20

Tibni 1Ki 16:21-22

Omri 1Ki 16:23-28

Ahab 1Ki 16:29-22:40

Ahaziah 1Ki 22:51-53; 2Ki 1:1-18

Joram (Jehoram) 2Ki 3:1-8:15

Jehu 2Ki 9:3-10:36

Jehoahaz 2Ki 13:1-9

Jehoash (Joash) 2Ki 13:10-25; 2Ki 14:8-16

Jeroboam II 2Ki 14:23-29

Zechariah 2Ki 15:8-12

Shallum 2Ki 15:13-15

Menahem 2Ki 15:16-22

Pekahiah 2Ki 15:23-26

Pekah 2Ki 15:27-31

Hoshea 2Ki 17:1-6

The kings and queen of Judah, the southern kingdom

Rehoboam 1Ki 12:1-24 pp 2Ch 10:1-11:4; 2Ch 11:5-12:8; 1Ki 14:21-31 pp 2Ch 12:9-16

Abijah 1Ki 15:1-8 pp 2Ch 13:1-14:1

Asa 1Ki 15:9-24 pp 2Ch 14:2-16:14

Jehoshaphat 1Ki 22:41-50 pp 2Ch 20:31-21:1; 2Ch 17:1-21:3

Jehoram (Joram) 2Ki 8:16-24 pp 2Ch 21:4-20

Ahaziah 2Ki 8:25-29 pp 2Ch 22:1-6; 2Ki 9:21-29 pp 2Ch 22:7-9

Queen Athaliah 2Ki 11:1-21 pp 2Ch 22:10-23:21

Joash (Jehoash) 2Ki 11:2-12:21 pp 2Ch 22:10-24:27

Amaziah 2Ki 14:1-22 pp 2Ch 25:1-28

Azariah (= Uzziah) 2Ki 14:21-22; 2Ki 15:1-7 pp 2Ch 26:1-23

Jotham 2Ki 15:32-38 pp 2Ch 27:1-9

Ahaz 2Ki 16:1-20 pp 2Ch 28:1-27

Hezekiah 2Ki 18:1-20:21 pp 2Ch 29:1-32:33 pp Isa 36:1-39:8

Manasseh 2Ki 21:1-18 pp 2Ch 33:1-20

Amon 2Ki 21:19-26 pp 2Ch 33:21-25

Josiah 2Ki 22:1-23:30 pp 2Ch 34:1-35:27

Jehoahaz 2Ki 23:31-34 pp 2Ch 36:2-4

Jehoiakim 2Ki 23:36-24:6 pp 2Ch 36:5-8

Jehoiachin 2Ki 24:8-17 pp 2Ch 36:9-10

Zedekiah (= Mattaniah) 2Ki 24:18-25:7 pp 2Ch 36:11-21 pp Jer 52:1-11

The expectation of a future king like David

Jer 23:5-6 See also Isa 9:6-7; Isa 11:1-5; Isa 16:5; Jer 30:8-9; Jer 33:15; Eze 34:23-24; Eze 37:24-25; Am 9:11; Mic 5:2-5; Hag 2:20-23

The duties of the king

To fear God 2Sa 23:3-4; Pr 20:28 See also Dt 17:14-20; 1Sa 10:25; Ps 2:10-11

To maintain righteousness and administer justice Pr 29:4,14 See also 1Ki 3:28; Ps 72:1-4; Pr 16:12-13; Pr 20:8,26; Pr 31:4-5,8-9; Isa 11:4; Jer 33:15; Ro 13:4

To read the law of God and ensure it was obeyed Dt 17:18-20 See also 1Ki 2:1-4; 1Ki 9:4-5; 2Ki 11:12

The coronation of the king

His anointing by the prophet of God 1Sa 10:1; 1Sa 16:1-13

His proclamation as king before the people 2Ki 11:12 pp 2Ch 23:11 See also 1Sa 10:17-25; 1Sa 11:15; 2Sa 2:4; 2Sa 5:1-3 pp 1Ch 11:1-3; 2Sa 15:10; 1Ki 1:28-40; 1Ki 12:1 pp 2Ch 10:1; 1Ki 12:20

Royal Psalms These Psalms, although used in honour of the king of the day, possibly at his coronation, share the expectation of a greater king. The NT regards them as fulfilled in Jesus Christ: Ps 2:6-9; Ps 45:1; Ps 72:1; Ps 110:1; Ps 132:10

Jesus Christ is the true King of Israel and of the world

Mt 27:37 pp Mk 15:26 pp Lk 23:38 Jn 1:49 See also Mt 21:5; Mk 15:2 pp Mt 27:11 pp Lk 23:3; Jn 18:36-37; Ac 17:7; 1Co 15:25; Heb 1:8; Ps 45:6; Rev 17:14; Rev 19:16

Jesus Christ fulfils the expectation of a son of David who will be a king like David

Lk 1:32-33 See also Lk 1:69; Ac 13:22-23; Ro 1:3; 2Ti 2:8; Rev 5:5; Rev 22:16

See also

1130God, sovereignty
2215Christ, Son of David
2230Messiah, coming of
2312Christ as king
2375kingdom of God
5085David
5118Solomon
5367kingdoms
5368kingship
5487queen
5581throne