The counting of individuals, usually for the purpose of war or taxation.
Motivations for a census
To count the number of fighting men available Nu 1:1-4; Nu 26:1-4 See also Nu 1:5-49; Nu 26:5-65
For ascertaining those qualified to be included in the Jewish community Ezr 2:1-65 pp Ne 7:6-67
For purposes of taxation Lk 2:2; Ac 5:37 See also Ex 30:12
God’s anger at David’s unauthorised census
2Sa 24:1-9 pp 1Ch 21:1-6 David’s sin in taking this census was probably that he did so from a motive of self-sufficiency rather than trusting in God.
Dictionary of Bible Themes
Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible
, on which this work is based.