A state of complete disorder or confusion. The first stage of creation where, having brought something out of nothing, God had not yet brought order to the universe. This primeval chaos, often symbolised by surging waters, threatens to disrupt God’s order at any time. God sometimes allows a return to chaos as judgment.
God creates order out of chaos
Chaos threatens God’s order
The raging sea as a symbol of chaos Ps 46:2-3 The raging sea is a frequent symbol of the chaos from which the world was created and to which it could return. Yet those whose confidence is in the God who brought order out of chaos have nothing to fear; Ps 104:7-9 See also Ex 15:8; Ps 69:2,15; Ps 77:16; Pr 8:29; Zec 10:11; Mt 8:23-27 pp Mk 4:36-41 pp Lk 8:22-25
God uses chaos as a judgment
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