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Commentaries for Matthew Chapter 13

PARABLES OF THE SECRET KINGDOM

Matthew's central discourse section (13:1-52) contains seven or eight parables depicting the present character of the kingdom until the end; his final discourse section contains a roughly equal number of end-time kingdom parables (24:32-25:46)...
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Setting

In view of the heavy crowds, Jesus entered into a boat and pushed out slightly from the shore, a technique that had enabled him to speak to large crowds at other times (Lk 5:3)...
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The Sower and the Soils

Jesus tells the "parable of the sower" (v...
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Various Soils Respond to the Seed

Jesus draws from commonplace agricultural conventions to illustrate his kingdom principles, as one might expect from a teacher sensitive to rural Galilean hearers...
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Secrets for Disciples Only

Jesus reveals special truth to his disciples through parables...
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Only Disciples Who Understand Persevere

The only conversions that count in the kingdom are those confirmed by a life of discipleship...
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The Future Revelation of Kingdom People

Just as Matthew presents the purpose for Jesus' opaque teachings (vv...
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The Enemy's Weeds

As in verses 3-9, Jesus tells an agricultural story that is relatively realistic...
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The Hidden Kingdom of the Present

Jesus insists that the glorious anticipated kingdom of God is also present in a hidden way in his ministry and that of his followers...
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The Coming Separation

Jesus explains that God tolerates the wicked in the present for the sake of his elect, but will publicly distinguish between the two in the day when the secrets of the kingdom are revealed...
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Those Who Know the Kingdom's Value

The kingdom might be hidden to the world (vv...
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The Kingdom Costs True Disciples Everything

True, the kingdom is available to us only by grace through faith; but genuine faith means genuinely embracing and yielding to God's reign, not simply acknowledging it and then passing it by as if it did not exist...
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The Coming Separation

Jesus closed the last parable section (vv...
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Revealing the Kingdom's Treasures

True teachers of the kingdom display the kingdom's treasure for all to see...
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THE REJECTED PROPHET

The theme of this section is not hard to discern: even more than in previous sections, it alternates between opposition and miracles, thus showing the spiritual blindness of those who oppose Jesus...
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The Threatened Prophet

Like Moses, Elijah and Jeremiah, Jesus was rejected among his own people (13:53-58); the prophet John's execution thus prefigures his own (14:1-12)...
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A Prophet Visits Home

Himself greater than a prophet (5:12; 11:11-14), Jesus would face rejection greater than the prophets had (23:29-36)...
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