Then the second angel followed the first angel and said, “·Ruined, ruined [L Fallen, fallen] is ·the great city of Babylon [L Babylon the Great; C the capital of the empire that destroyed Jerusalem in 586 bc, a symbol for the evil world system opposing God; 2 Kin. 24—25; Is. 21:9; Dan. 4:30]! She made all the nations drink the wine of the ·anger [or passion; C the Greek word thymos can mean either anger or passion; see v. 10 for a possible play on words] of her ·adultery [or sexual immorality].”
Then another angel followed him through the skies, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen—that great city—because she seduced the nations of the world and made them share the wine of her intense impurity and sin.”
He was followed by another angel, and this is what he said: ‘Babylon the great has fallen! She has fallen! She is the one who made all the nations drink the wine of the anger that comes upon her fornication.’
And another malach (angel), sheyni (a second one), followed, saying, NAFLAH, NAFLAH BABEL ("Fallen, fallen is Babylon the Great", YESHAYAH 21:9), who of the yayin of the ta’avah (lust) of her zenunim (fornications) has made all the Nations to drink. [YIRMEYAH 51:8]
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