The Reformation Study Bible (2015) notes are now available on Bible Gateway! Click to learn more.
12:43 God had made them rejoice. The people rejoiced, because God had given them cause to do so by His sovereign work through human agents (Introduction to Ezra: Characteristics and Themes).
the women and children. Including women and children underlines the great size of the celebration (3:12 note; 5:1 note).