The revised Reformation Study Bible notes are now available on Bible Gateway! Click to learn more.
24:12 hornet. This is possibly a metaphor for sudden panic (2:9; 5:1; Ex. 23:28; Deut. 7:20).
not by your sword. The Israelites received the land as a gift that must not be understood as based on their own achievement (1:2 note; cf. Eph. 2:8).