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Reformation Study Bible – John 20:19
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John 20:19

20:19 the doors being locked. The impression is that the risen Jesus passed through the closed doors (also v. 26), not that they were opened in some way (compare Acts 12:10). This shows the transformation involved in the resurrection of the body (1 Cor. 15:35–49).

the disciples. Probably includes more than the ten apostles (twelve minus Judas and Thomas). In Acts 1:14, the women, Jesus’ mother and brothers, and probably others (Acts 1:23) were together in the upper room after Jesus’ ascension.

Peace be with you. Everyday words but a most welcome greeting, since they might have expected a rebuke for having abandoned Jesus at the time of His arrest.