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3:13 Like grain ready to be cut down with the sickle (Is. 17:5) and like grapes waiting to be pressed (Is. 63:3), the wicked nations are ripe for a harvest of judgment (cf. Rev. 14:15, 18, 20).
winepress is full . . . vats overflow. The full winepress and overflowing vats emphasize the enormous wickedness of the nations massed in the valley for judgment.