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41:2 one from the east. Namely, Cyrus the Great of Persia (reigned 550–530 b.c.; v. 25; 44:28; 45:1 and notes).
victory. Cyrus was victorious in establishing a new order (1:21 note; 44:24–45:5, 13; 46:11).
gives . . . makes. The victories of Cyrus were the Lord’s doing on behalf of Israel (43:3).
nations . . . kings. The nations are under the Lord’s authority and they must acknowledge His name to participate in His plan of redemption (45:1; 49:22, 23; 60:3, 16).