Looking for holiday inspiration? Our Advent and Christmas devotionals are here.
13:15 Though he may flourish. This is Ephraim, whose name is from the same Hebrew root as “fruitful” (9:16 note).
east . . . wind of the Lord. See 12:1 and note. Here this destructive force is a symbol for Assyria as God’s weapon of judgment against Israel (Introduction: Date and Occasion; Is. 10:5, 6).