The Reformation Study Bible (2015) notes are now available on Bible Gateway! Click to learn more.
1:3 Why. The question continues the complaint (cf. Lam. 5:20).
iniquity. Lit. “labor” or “toil” that leads to distress, exhaustion, and despondency.
strife and contention. Unchecked wickedness results in a divided community riddled with suspicions, accusations, and personal attacks.