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32:30 Peniel. See text note. Peniel was located on the River Jabbok near the modern Tulul edh-Dhahab. The town was destroyed by Gideon (Judg. 8:8) and later fortified by Jeroboam I (1 Kin. 12:25).
delivered. Jacob’s preservation during his “face-to-face” meeting with the almighty God confirmed his preservation during his imminent encounter with Esau, a mere human being (cf. v. 11).