The Message audio Bible is now available on Bible Gateway! Click to learn more.
19:12 east wind. This is just as in 17:9, 10. The east wind is an instrument of Yahweh’s will (Ex. 10:13; 14:21; Ps. 78:26; Hos. 13:15; Jon. 4:8). The east wind brought the desert heat and would wither the vine.