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2:8 risen from the dead. The resurrection of Christ is at the center of Paul’s theology (Rom. 6:4–10; 1 Cor. 15:12–22). It is the basis for the hope expressed in vv. 11, 12.
the offspring of David. Jesus fulfills God’s promise to grant to one of David’s descendants an eternal kingship (2 Sam. 7:12–16; Matt. 1:1; Mark 12:35; Luke 1:32, 33; John 7:42; Acts 2:30–36; Rev. 5:5). For the association of Christ’s resurrection and His descent from David, see Rom. 1:3, 4.