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8:1 the elders of Israel. Senior leaders who were in charge of local government and justice throughout Old Testament history (Ex. 18:13–26; Num. 11:16–30; Judg. 21:16–24; 1 Sam. 8:1–9).
the city of David, which is Zion. This oldest section of Jerusalem was south of the temple. David had earlier brought the ark from the house of Obed-edom to Zion (2 Sam. 6:1–19).