The mid-point between sunrise and sunset when the sun is at its brightest. Noon is a time to seek shelter from the heat of the day. The darkening of the midday sun and the surprise attack of the enemy at noon are signs of God’s judgment. The brilliance of the noonday sun is likened to the glory of Jesus Christ and to the vindication of God’s people.
Noon as a time of severe heat
Shelter from the noonday heatIsa 4:5-6See alsoIsa 16:3 Moab likens asylum sought from Judah to shelter from the noonday sun; Isa 25:4
Time to rest from the sun’s heat2Sa 4:5See alsoGe 18:1 SS 1:7See alsoRu 2:7 Ruth rests from her gleaning at noon; 1Sa 11:11 Saul’s army halts its destruction of the Ammonites at midday; 1Ki 20:16 Israel’s enemies relax at midday, unaware of the imminence of battle; Mt 20:12 Workers in the vineyard might have been expected to rest during the hottest part of the day; Jn 4:6 Jesus Christ rests from his journey by the well of Sychar.
Joseph invites his brothers to eat with him at noon:Ge 43:16,26 Jos 10:12-13 The sun stops in the middle of the sky, allowing Joshua to defeat the Amorites; 2Ki 4:18-20 The Shunammite woman’s son dies at noon. Paul’s encounter with the risen Christ about noon:Ac 22:6; Ac 26:13
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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