A thirty-day period of the year measured from one new moon to the next. There were twelve months in the year, with a thirteenth inserted periodically to bring the lunar calendar into line with the solar year. Early month names may have been linked with the seasons. After the exile, Babylonian names were adopted.
1Ki 6:1Ziv was the pre-exilic name; the post-exilic name, Iyyar, does not appear in the Bible. Modern equivalent: April-May. See also1Ki 6:37; Nu 9:11 A late Passover might be held on 14th Ziv; 2Ch 30:13-15 Hezekiah’s celebration of the Passover was in the second month.
1Ki 8:2Ethanim is the pre-exilic name; its Babylonian equivalent, Tishri, does not appear in the Bible. Modern equivalent: September-October.
Feasts and sacred days in the month of EthanimSee alsoLev 23:23-24 pp Nu 29:1 The Feast of Trumpets (1st). This is celebrated today as the Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah); Lev 23:27 pp Nu 29:7 the Day of Atonement (10th); Lev 23:34 pp Nu 29:12 the Feast of Tabernacles (15th-21st); Lev 23:36 Solemn Assembly (22nd)
The eighth month: Bul
1Ki 6:38Bul’s post-exilic equivalent, Marcheshvan, is not mentioned in the Bible. Modern equivalent: October-November. See also1Ki 12:32-33 Jereboam offset Israel’s religious calendar by one month. This is the alternative Feast of Tabernacles (15th); Zec 1:1
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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