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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 1513 Trinity, mission of the persons
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1513 Trinity, mission of the persons

1513 Trinity, mission of the persons

All three persons of the Trinity co-operate in God’s work of salvation. For this purpose, the Father sends the Son and the Holy Spirit to redeem his people on earth and to live in and among them.

The Son and the Holy Spirit do God’s work on earth

In the OT, the Lord alone is Saviour Isa 43:11 See also Ps 19:14; Ps 78:35; Isa 43:3; Isa 49:26; Isa 60:16; Jer 14:8; Hos 13:4

In the NT, the Son is the Saviour Mt 1:21 See also Lk 2:11; Jn 4:42; Gal 3:13; Gal 4:5; Tit 2:13; Tit 3:6

In the OT, the Lord lives among his people Ex 29:45 See also Ps 135:21; Isa 57:15; Eze 43:7; Joel 3:17; Zec 2:10-11

In the NT, the Spirit lives in the church 1Co 3:16 See also Jn 14:17; Ro 8:9,11; 2Ti 1:14

Father and Son in the mission of Jesus Christ

The Father sends the Son Gal 4:4 See also Mt 10:40; Mk 12:6; Jn 3:16-17; Jn 7:28; Jn 8:42; 1Jn 4:9

The Son reveals the Father Jn 8:38 See also Jn 1:18; Jn 15:15; Jn 17:6,26; Col 1:15; Heb 1:3

The Son does the Father’s work Jn 5:19 See also Jn 4:34; Jn 5:17; Jn 9:3-4; Jn 10:37; Jn 14:10

The Son speaks the Father’s words Jn 12:49-50 See also Jn 3:34; Jn 8:28; Jn 14:24; Jn 17:8

The Father testifies to the Son Jn 5:37 This refers to God’s testimony to his Son in the OT Scriptures. See also Jn 5:32; Jn 8:18; 1Jn 5:9

The sending of the Holy Spirit

The Father gives the Spirit Lk 11:13 See also Ac 5:32; 2Co 5:5; Gal 3:5; Eph 1:17; 1Jn 4:13

The Son gives the Spirit Jn 16:7 See also Mt 3:11 pp Mk 1:8 pp Lk 3:16; Jn 1:33; Jn 20:22

The Father sends the Spirit through Jesus Christ Jn 14:16-17 The varied terminology about who sends the Spirit reflects the close co-operation between and the shared activity of the three persons. See also Jn 14:26; Jn 15:26; Ac 2:33

The three persons share the work of salvation

The incarnation Lk 1:35

Jesus Christ’s baptism Mt 3:16-17 pp Mk 1:10-11 pp Lk 3:21-22

Jesus Christ’s ministry Ac 10:38 See also Lk 10:21; Jn 3:34

The work of redemption 1Pe 1:2 See also 2Co 1:21-22; Gal 4:4-6; Eph 1:3-14; Eph 2:18; 2Th 2:13-14; Tit 3:4-6

Commissioning the disciples Jn 20:21-22 See also Ac 1:7-8

Jesus Christ’s exaltation Ac 7:55 See also Ac 5:31-32

Proclaiming the gospel Ac 2:38-39

Building the church Eph 2:22 See also 1Co 12:4-6

See also

2318Christ as prophet
2351Christ, miracles
2354Christ, mission
2363Christ, preaching & teaching
3130Holy Spirit, Counsellor
3242Holy Spirit, baptism with
3257Holy Spirit, gift of
3296Holy Spirit in the world

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