Vigilance is not a zealous attempt to read “the signs of the times.” Rather, it is a life lived in faithfulness (see 3:13). The children of light are already children of (future) salvation and are ready for the consummation of salvation. The alert Christian will be fully armed with faith, love, and the hope of salvation.
God's purpose is salvation, not wrath. The choice of verbs in v. 9 is significant. In using “appoint,” Paul indicates that God did not intend wrath for his creation. “To receive” implies that humans must accept God's salvation. His purpose will be fulfilled, but humans have the choice to accept the free and undeserved gift or to maintain their arrogant independence from God.
There is a paradox between God's purposes and human choice. But two things are clear. First, God does not force persons to follow him. Second, “a predestination to wrath that operated independently of the responsible action of mankind in sinning and rejecting the gospel is as unthinkable as a predestination to salvation that overrules human responsibility or makes it ultimately of no account by operating through it” (Marshall, 140).
Paul notes that Jesus died for us so that we might live together with him (5:10). Salvation is wholly based on the death of Jesus Christ. It is his death for our life.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
Upgrade to the best Bible Gateway experience! With Bible Gateway Plus, you gain instant access to a digital Bible study library, including complete notes from the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible and the New Bible Commentary. Try it free for 30 days!