The book's name derives from the title given to the heroes dominating its central section. In Israel “judging” denoted both rendering verdicts and directly effecting justice. Ideally, Israelite judges personified God's government by embodying his salvation and government in military deliverance and administration.
The author remains unknown. The latest event to which Judges alludes (18:31) is a deportation, either of northern Galilee in 734-732 b.c. or of the whole northern kingdom in 721 b.c. The book's confidence in the superiority of the southern kingdom and in the spiritual effectiveness of the monarchy suggests composition under one of Judah's righteous kings, Hezekiah (716-687 b.c.) or Josiah (640-609 b.c.).
While English Bibles, following the Septuagint and Vulgate, place Judges among the historical books, the Hebrew Bible numbers it among the former prophets with Joshua, Samuel, and Kings. These books constitute a unified historical narrative striving not simply to inform, but to confront the reader with a proclamation of the ways, truth, and judgment of God.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
Upgrade to remove banner ads and unlock new features!
You've successfully created your account! For the ultimate Bible Gateway experience, consider upgrading Bible Gateway Plus to get the most out of your new account. For just a few dollars each month, a Bible Gateway Plus upgrade gives you:
• A complete digital Bible study library integrated with your Bible Gateway account, with no expensive software to install.
• Access to 40+ study & reference books including the NIV Study Bible, the Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary, and the MacArthur Study Bible.
• Special during April only: full access to the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible
• An ad-free Bible Gateway experience.
• A risk-free, 30-day trial—you can cancel any time.