Letter openings in the Hellenistic world followed the formula: “A to B, greeting.” Paul often elaborates on this form. Here “A” is more than one person: Paul, Silas, and Timothy. Any contribution of Silas (“Silvanus,” see Ac 17:1-9; 18:5) and Timothy, one of Paul's co-workers (see 1Co 4:17; Php 2:19-20), cannot be identified.
The epistle is addressed to the church (Gk. ecclesia, “assembly”), the people called into being by God in Christ. The linking of God and Christ shows Paul's high Christology (see 3:11-13).
Into the words grace and peace Paul packs a wealth of theology. Grace is God's love, active in redeeming an undeserved humanity. Peace (Heb. shalom) describes the condition of wholeness that comes from being reconciled to God and therefore with oneself and one's fellows.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
Try Bible Gateway Plus, a brand-new service that lets you experience Bible Gateway free of banner ads! It also gives you instant access to over 40 Bible study and inspirational devotional books, including the NIV Study Bible. With Bible Gateway Plus, you can experience and understand God's Word in life-changing new ways, without the distraction of ads. Try it free for 30 days—you can cancel at any time. Following your 30-day free trial, Bible Gateway Plus is only $3.99/month.