The trial is now concluded. Job's sufferings have served their purpose, and there is no reason to continue them. Job's wealth and health are restored, not because of his personal merit, but to acknowledge that the trial is ended and to discredit Satan.
As the divine adjudicator, the Lord now indicates that Job's position is right while that of the comforters is wrong (42:7). This statement should not be read as a blanket endorsement of all that Job said or a blanket condemnation of all that the comforters said. Job acknowledges that he has said things that were wrong (v. 3), but his claim to innocence is sustained by the Lord. Ironically Job serves as priest and intercessor for the comforters (vv. 8-9).
It was after Job prayed for others that his situation changed (42:10). Throughout the exchanges Job had been understandably preoccupied with himself. Now freed of that self-engrossment, he returns to serving as a priest for others as he had done in the prologue. This undoubtedly contributed to his healing.
Andersen, Francis I. Job. TOTC. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1975.
Baker, Wesley C. More Than a Man Can Take. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966.
Bergant, Dianne. Job, Ecclesiastes. OTMS. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1982.
Davidson, A. B. The Book of Job. The Cambridge Bible. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1918.
Delitzsch, Fran. The Book of Job. Biblical Commentary on Old Testament. 2 vols. Translated by F. Bolton. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1956.
Dhorme, Edouard. The Book of Job. Translated by H. Knight. Camden, N.J.: Thomas Nelson, 1967.
Eaton, John. Job. Old Testament Guides. Sheffield: JSOT Press, 1985.
Glatzer, Nahum. The Dimensions of Job. New York: Schocken, 1969.
Gordis, Robert. The Book of God And Man. New York: The Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1978.
Morgan, G. Campbell. The Answers of Jesus To Job. New York: Revell, 1935.
Neiman, David. The Book of Job. Jerusalem: Massada, 1972.
Peake, Arthur S. Job. London: Caxton, n.d.
Pope, Martin H. Job. AB. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1973.
Rowley, H. H. The Book of Job. NCBC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1980.
Bowes, Paula J. “The Structure of Job.” The Bible Today 20 (1982): 329-33.
Freedman, D. H. “Elihu's Speeches in the Book of Job.” Harvard Theological Review 61 (1968): 51-59.
Gordis, Robert. “The Lord Out of the Whirlwind: The Climax and Meaning of Job.” Judaism 13 (1964): 48-63.
Sarna, Nahum M. “Epic Substratum in the Prose of Job.” Journal of Biblical Literature 76 (1957): 13-25.
Thompson, K. T., Jr. “Out of the Whirlwind: The Sense of Alienation in the Book of Job.” Interpretation 14 (1960): 51-53.
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