VI. Death And Eulogy of Moses; Joshua's Success (34:1–12)
Moses finally climbs the mountain and views the land from a strategic point. Jericho, which lay opposite him, would become a witness to Israel and all Canaan to what Yahweh could do for his people if they wholly followed Joshua and the Torah of Moses. So Moses not only saw the land, he saw the city that would soon be given to Israel by Yahweh, opening up the potential subjugation of all the land at one stroke. Not even a mighty fortified city could stop them if they followed Yahweh (Jos 5:13-6:27). V. 4 is the only direct speech in ch. 34. It records the fulfillment of a major theme in the book: the faithfulness of Yahweh to keep his promises to the fathers and to his servant Moses.
Moses, the heir, died, and Israel wept. A magnificent eulogy of Moses closes the book, for Moses was the prototype of all prophets. No one like him appeared again—not until the One greater than Moses came (Heb 3:1ff.). Jesus, because of his perfect obedience to the Father in love, entered the inheritance promised to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Moses (Heb. vv. 3-10).
Clarke, Adam. Commentary on the Holy Bible. Kansas City: Beacon Hill, 1972.
Clements, R. E. God's Chosen People. London: SCM Press, 1968.
Craigie, Peter. The Book of Deuteronomy. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976.
Fretheim, Terence E. Deuteronomic History. Nashville: Abingdon, 1983.
Goldingay, John. Theological Diversity and the Authority of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987.
Kline, Meredith. The Structure of Biblical Authority. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972.
Lind, Millard C. Yahweh Is a Warrior. Scottdale: Herald, 1981.
McConville, J. G. Law and Theology in Deuteronomy. Sheffield, England: JSOT Press, 1984.
Nicholson, E. W. God and His People. Oxford: Clarendon, 1986.
Sternberg, Meir. The Poetics of Biblical Narrative. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1985.
von Rad, Gerhard. Deuteronomy. OTL. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1966.
______ . Studies in Deuteronomy. Chicago: Henry Regnery, 1953.
Thompson, J. A. Deuteronomy. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity Press, 1974.
Wesley, John. Explanatory Notes Upon the Old Testament. 3 vols. 1765. Reprint. Salem, Oh.: Schmul, 1975.
Welch, Adam C. The Code of Deuteronomy. New York: George H. Doran, 1924. Articles
Fretheim, T. E. “The Ark in Deuteronomy,” CBQ 30, (1968): 1-14.
McCarthy, D. J. “Notes on the Love of God in Deuteronomy and the Father-Son Relationship Between Yahweh and Israel.” CBQ 27, 1965.
Wenham, G. J. “Deuteronomy and the Central Sanctuary,” TB 22, n.d.: 103-18.
______ . “The Date of Deuteronomy: Linch-Pin of Old Testament Criticism,” Them 10, no. 3 (1985): 15-20.