Paul brings this lengthy letter to a conclusion in his typical fashion. He repeats crucial concerns of the letter and bids his hearers farewell. The letter concludes with two groups of exhortations. Paul's five closing moral exhortations (vv. 13-14) recapitulate concerns expressed earlier in the letter. His second group of exhortations urges the Corinthians to recognize and submit to the leadership of Stephanas (cf. 1Th 5:12-14). Paul greets the Corinthians in behalf of Ephesian believers (v. 20a), particularly Aquila and Priscilla (v. 19), important early, Jewish-Christian leaders in Corinth, currently residing in Ephesus (Ac 18:1-3, 18, 24-26). Paul's compact parting personal remarks (vv. 20b-24) succinctly convey several significant messages.
Barrett, C. K. A Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians. HNTC. New York: Harper & Row, 1968.
Carter, Charles W. “First Corinthians.” WBC. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965.
Clarke, Adam. Romans to the Revelation, The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ With a Commentary and Critical Notes. Vol. 6. New ed. New York: Abingdon, n.d.
Conzelmann, Hans. 1 Corinthians: A Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians. Trans. by James W. Leitch. Bibliography and references by James W. Dunkly. Ed. George W. MacRae. Hermenia. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1975.
Fee, Gordon D. The First Epistle to the Corinthians. NICNT. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1987.
Héring, Jean. The First Epistle of Saint Paul to the Corinthians. Trans. A. W. Heathcote and P. J. Allcock from 2d ed. in the Commentaire du Nouveau Testament. London: Epworth, 1962.
Wesley, John. Explanatory Notes Upon the New Testament. Naperville, Ill.: Allenson, 1950 (reprint of 1754 ed.).
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