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Job 32-34 (American Standard Version)

Job 32-34

32 So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes. Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the family of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God. Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job. Now Elihu had [a]waited to speak unto Job, because they were elder than he. And when Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, his wrath was kindled.

And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said,

I am young, and ye are very old;
Wherefore I held back, and durst not show you mine opinion.
I said, Days should speak,
And multitude of years should teach wisdom.
But there is a spirit in man,
And the breath of the Almighty giveth them understanding.
It is not the great that are wise,
Nor the aged that understand justice.
10 Therefore I [b]said, Hearken to me;
I also will show mine opinion.

11 Behold, I waited for your words,
I listened for your reasonings,
Whilst ye searched out what to say.
12 Yea, I attended unto you,
And, behold, there was none that convinced Job,
Or that answered his words, among you.
13 [c]Beware lest ye say, We have found wisdom;
God may vanquish him, not man:
14 For he hath not directed his words against me;
Neither will I answer him with your speeches.

15 They are amazed, they answer no more:
They have not a word to say.
16 And shall I wait, because they speak not,
Because they stand still, and answer no more?
17 I also will answer my part,
I also will show mine opinion.
18 For I am full of words;
The spirit within me constraineth me.
19 Behold, my breast is as wine which hath no vent;
Like new wine-skins [d]it is ready to burst.
20 I will speak, that I may [e]be refreshed;
I will open my lips and answer.
21 Let me not, I pray you, respect any man’s person;
Neither will I give flattering titles unto any man.
22 For I know not to give flattering titles;
Else would my Maker soon take me away.

33 Howbeit, Job, I pray thee, hear my speech,
And hearken to all my words.
Behold now, I have opened my mouth;
My tongue hath spoken in my [f]mouth.
My words shall utter the uprightness of my heart;
And that which my lips know they shall speak sincerely.
The Spirit of God hath made me,
And the breath of the Almighty giveth me life.
If thou canst, answer thou me;
Set thy words in order before me, stand forth.
Behold, [g]I am toward God even as thou art:
I also am formed out of the clay.
Behold, my terror shall not make thee afraid,
Neither shall my pressure be heavy upon thee.

Surely thou hast spoken in my hearing,
And I have heard the voice of thy words, saying,
I am clean, without transgression;
I am innocent, neither is there iniquity in me:
10 Behold, he findeth [h]occasions against me,
He counteth me for his enemy;
11 He putteth my feet in the stocks,
He marketh all my paths.
12 Behold, [i]I will answer thee, in this thou art not just;
For God is greater than man.

13 Why dost thou strive against him,
For that he giveth not account of any of his matters?
14 For God speaketh [j]once,
Yea twice, though man regardeth it not.
15 In a dream, in a vision of the night,
When deep sleep falleth upon men,
In slumberings upon the bed;
16 Then he [k]openeth the ears of men,
And sealeth their instruction,
17 [l]That he may withdraw man from his purpose,
And hide pride from man;
18 [m]He keepeth back his soul from the pit,
And his life from perishing by the [n]sword.

19 He is chastened also with pain upon his bed,
[o]And with continual strife in his bones;
20 So that his life abhorreth bread,
And his soul dainty food.
21 His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen;
And his bones that were not seen stick out.
22 Yea, his soul draweth near unto the pit,
And his life to the destroyers.

23 If there be with him [p]an angel,
An interpreter, one [q]among a thousand,
To show unto man [r]what is right for him;
24 [s]Then God is gracious unto him, and saith,
Deliver him from going down to the pit,
I have found a ransom.
25 His flesh shall be fresher than a child’s;
He returneth to the days of his youth.
26 He prayeth unto God, and he is favorable unto him,
So that he seeth his face with joy:
And he restoreth unto man his righteousness.
27 He [t]singeth before men, and saith,
I have sinned, and perverted that which was right,
And [u]it profited me not:
28 He hath redeemed my soul from going into the pit,
And my life shall behold the light.

29 Lo, all these things doth God work,
Twice, yea thrice, with a man,
30 To bring back his soul from the pit,
That he may be enlightened with the light of [v]the living.
31 Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me:
Hold thy peace, and I will speak.
32 If thou hast anything to say, answer me:
Speak, for I desire to justify thee.
33 If not, hearken thou unto me:
Hold thy peace, and I will teach thee wisdom.

34 Moreover Elihu answered and said,

Hear my words, ye wise men;
And give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge.
For the ear trieth words,
As the palate tasteth food.
Let us choose for us that which is right:
Let us know among ourselves what is good.
For Job hath said, I am righteous,
And God hath taken away my right:
[w]Notwithstanding my right I am accounted a liar;
[x]My wound is incurable, though I am without transgression.
What man is like Job,
Who drinketh up scoffing like water,
Who goeth in company with the workers of iniquity,
And walketh with wicked men?
For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing
That he should [y]delight himself with God.

10 Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding:
Far be it from God, that he should do wickedness,
And from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.
11 For the work of a man will he render unto him,
And cause every man to find according to his ways.
12 Yea, of a surety, God will not do wickedly,
Neither will the Almighty pervert justice.
13 Who gave him a charge over the earth?
Or who hath [z]disposed the whole world?
14 [aa]If he set his heart upon [ab]himself,
If he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
15 All flesh shall perish together,
And man shall turn again unto dust.

16 [ac]If now thou hast understanding, hear this:
Hearken to the voice of my words.
17 Shall even one that hateth justice govern?
And wilt thou condemn him that is righteous and mighty?—
18 [ad]Him that saith to a king, Thou art vile,
Or to nobles, Ye are wicked;
19 That respecteth not the persons of princes,
Nor regardeth the rich more than the poor;
For they all are the work of his hands.
20 In a moment they die, [ae]even at midnight;
The people are shaken and pass away,
And the mighty are taken away without hand.

21 For his eyes are upon the ways of a man,
And he seeth all his goings.

22 There is no darkness, nor thick gloom,
Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
23 For he needeth not further to consider a man,
That he should go before God in judgment.
24 He breaketh in pieces mighty men [af]in ways past finding out,
And setteth others in their stead.
25 Therefore he taketh knowledge of their works;
And he overturneth them in the night, so that they are [ag]destroyed.
26 He striketh them as wicked men
[ah]In the open sight of others;
27 Because they turned aside from following him,
And would not have regard in any of his ways:
28 [ai]So that they caused the cry of the poor to come unto him,
And he heard the cry of the afflicted.
29 When he giveth quietness, who then can condemn?
And when he hideth his face, who then can behold him?
Alike whether it be done unto a nation, or unto a man:
30 That the godless man reign not,
That there be none to ensnare the people.

31 For hath any said unto God,
I have borne chastisement, [aj]I will not offend any more:
32 That which I see not teach thou me:
If I have done iniquity, I will do it no more?
33 Shall his recompense be as thou wilt, that thou refusest it?
For thou must choose, and not I:
Therefore speak what thou knowest.
34 Men of understanding will say unto me,
Yea, every wise man that heareth me:
35 Job speaketh without knowledge,
And his words are without wisdom.
36 Would that Job were tried unto the end,
Because of his answering like wicked men.
37 For he addeth rebellion unto his sin;
He clappeth his hands among us,
And multiplieth his words against God.

Footnotes:

  1. Job 32:4 Hebrew waited for Job with words.
  2. Job 32:10 Or, say
  3. Job 32:13 Or, Lest ye should say, We have found out wisdom; God thrusteth him down, not man: Now he etc.
  4. Job 32:19 Or, which are ready
  5. Job 32:20 Or, find relief
  6. Job 33:2 Hebrew palate.
  7. Job 33:6 Or, I am according to thy wish in God’s stead
  8. Job 33:10 Or, causes of alienation
  9. Job 33:12 Or, in this thou art not just: I will answer thee; For etc.
  10. Job 33:14 Or, in one way, yea, in two
  11. Job 33:16 Hebrew uncovereth.
  12. Job 33:17 Or, That man may put away his purpose, And that he may hide
  13. Job 33:18 Or, That he may keep back
  14. Job 33:18 Or, weapons
  15. Job 33:19 Another reading is, While all his bones are firm.
  16. Job 33:23 Or, a messenger
  17. Job 33:23 Or, of the thousand
  18. Job 33:23 Or, his uprightness
  19. Job 33:24 Or, And he be gracious . . . and say . . . ransom: his flesh etc.
  20. Job 33:27 Or, looketh upon men
  21. Job 33:27 Or, it was not requited unto me. Or, it was not meet for me
  22. Job 33:30 Or, life
  23. Job 34:6 Or, Should I lie against my right?
  24. Job 34:6 Hebrew Mine arrow.
  25. Job 34:9 Or, consent with. See Ps. 50:18.
  26. Job 34:13 Or, laid upon him
  27. Job 34:14 According to another reading, If he cause his heart to return unto himself.
  28. Job 34:14 Or, man. Hebrew him.
  29. Job 34:16 Or, Only understand
  30. Job 34:18 The Hebrew as pointed reads Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art vile? Or, to nobles, Ye are wicked?
  31. Job 34:20 Or, and at midnight the people etc.
  32. Job 34:24 Or, without inquisition
  33. Job 34:25 Hebrew crushed.
  34. Job 34:26 Hebrew In the place of beholders.
  35. Job 34:28 Or, That they might cause . . . And that he might hear
  36. Job 34:31 Or, though I offend not
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