Faith Triumphs in Trouble

Therefore, (A)having been justified by faith, [a]we have (B)peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, (C)through whom also we have access by faith into this grace (D)in which we stand, and (E)rejoice in hope of the glory of God. And not only that, but (F)we also glory in tribulations, (G)knowing that tribulation produces [b]perseverance; (H)and perseverance, [c]character; and character, hope. (I)Now hope does not disappoint, (J)because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

Christ in Our Place

For when we were still without strength, [d]in due time (K)Christ died for the ungodly. For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die. But (L)God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified (M)by His blood, we shall be saved (N)from wrath through Him. 10 For (O)if when we were enemies (P)we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved (Q)by His life. 11 And not only that, but we also (R)rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.

Death in Adam, Life in Christ(S)

12 Therefore, just as (T)through one man sin entered the world, and (U)death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned— 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but (V)sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, (W)who is a type of Him who was to come. 15 But the free gift is not like the [e]offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded (X)to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many [f]offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man’s [g]offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)

18 Therefore, as through [h]one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through (Y)one[i] Man’s righteous act the free gift came (Z)to all men, resulting in justification of life. 19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by (AA)one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

20 Moreover (AB)the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace (AC)abounded much more, 21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Dead to Sin, Alive to God

What shall we say then? (AD)Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly not! How shall we who (AE)died to sin live any longer in it? Or do you not know that (AF)as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus (AG)were baptized into His death? Therefore we were (AH)buried with Him through baptism into death, that (AI)just as Christ was raised from the dead by (AJ)the glory of the Father, (AK)even so we also should walk in newness of life.

(AL)For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that (AM)our old man was crucified with Him, that (AN)the body of sin might be [j]done away with, that we should no longer be slaves of sin. For (AO)he who has died has been [k]freed from sin. Now (AP)if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, knowing that (AQ)Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him. 10 For the death that He died, (AR)He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, (AS)He lives to God. 11 Likewise you also, [l]reckon yourselves to be (AT)dead indeed to sin, but (AU)alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

12 (AV)Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. 13 And do not present your (AW)members as [m]instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but (AX)present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. 14 For (AY)sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.

From Slaves of Sin to Slaves of God

15 What then? Shall we sin (AZ)because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not! 16 Do you not know that (BA)to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness? 17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart (BB)that form of doctrine to which you were [n]delivered. 18 And (BC)having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness. 19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness [o]for holiness.

20 For when you were (BD)slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness. 21 (BE)What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For (BF)the end of those things is death. 22 But now (BG)having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit [p]to holiness, and the end, everlasting life. 23 For (BH)the wages of sin is death, but (BI)the [q]gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Freed from the Law

Or do you not know, brethren (for I speak to those who know the law), that the law [r]has dominion over a man as long as he lives? For (BJ)the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. But if the husband dies, she is released from the law of her husband. So then (BK)if, while her husband lives, she marries another man, she will be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free from that law, so that she is no adulteress, though she has married another man. Therefore, my brethren, you also have become (BL)dead to the law through the body of Christ, that you may be married to another—to Him who was raised from the dead, that we should (BM)bear fruit to God. For when we were in the flesh, the sinful passions which were aroused by the law (BN)were at work in our members (BO)to bear fruit to death. But now we have been delivered from the law, having died to what we were held by, so that we should serve (BP)in the newness of the Spirit and not in the oldness of the letter.

Sin’s Advantage in the Law

What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Certainly not! On the contrary, (BQ)I would not have known sin except through the law. For I would not have known covetousness unless the law had said, (BR)“You shall not covet.” But (BS)sin, taking opportunity by the commandment, produced in me all manner of evil desire. For (BT)apart from the law sin was dead. I was alive once without the law, but when the commandment came, sin revived and I died. 10 And the commandment, (BU)which was to bring life, I found to bring death. 11 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it killed me. 12 Therefore (BV)the law is holy, and the commandment holy and just and good.

Law Cannot Save from Sin

13 Has then what is good become death to me? Certainly not! But sin, that it might appear sin, was producing death in me through what is good, so that sin through the commandment might become exceedingly sinful. 14 For we know that the law is spiritual, but I am carnal, (BW)sold under sin. 15 For what I am doing, I do not understand. (BX)For what I will to do, that I do not practice; but what I hate, that I do. 16 If, then, I do what I will not to do, I agree with the law that it is good. 17 But now, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me. 18 For I know that (BY)in me (that is, in my flesh) nothing good dwells; for to will is present with me, but how to perform what is good I do not find. 19 For the good that I will to do, I do not do; but the evil I will not to do, that I practice. 20 Now if I do what I will not to do, it is no longer I who do it, but sin that dwells in me.

21 I find then a law, that evil is present with me, the one who wills to do good. 22 For I (BZ)delight in the law of God according to (CA)the inward man. 23 But (CB)I see another law in (CC)my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. 24 O wretched man that I am! Who will deliver me (CD)from this body of death? 25 (CE)I thank God—through Jesus Christ our Lord!

So then, with the mind I myself serve the law of God, but with the flesh the law of sin.

Free from Indwelling Sin

There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, (CF)who[s] do not walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. For (CG)the law of (CH)the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from (CI)the law of sin and death. For (CJ)what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, (CK)God did by sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, on account of sin: He condemned sin in the flesh, that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us who (CL)do not walk according to the flesh but according to the Spirit. For (CM)those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, (CN)the things of the Spirit. For (CO)to be [t]carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because (CP)the [u]carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, (CQ)nor indeed can be. So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.

But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His. 10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin, but the Spirit is life because of righteousness. 11 But if the Spirit of (CR)Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, (CS)He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies [v]through His Spirit who dwells in you.

Sonship Through the Spirit

12 (CT)Therefore, brethren, we are debtors—not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 13 For (CU)if you live according to the flesh you will die; but if by the Spirit you (CV)put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. 14 For (CW)as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For (CX)you did not receive the spirit of bondage again (CY)to fear, but you received the (CZ)Spirit of adoption by whom we cry out, (DA)“Abba,[w] Father.” 16 (DB)The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then (DC)heirs—heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, (DD)if indeed we suffer with Him, that we may also be glorified together.


  1. Romans 5:1 Some ancient mss. let us have
  2. Romans 5:3 endurance
  3. Romans 5:4 approved character
  4. Romans 5:6 at the right time
  5. Romans 5:15 trespass or false step
  6. Romans 5:16 trespasses
  7. Romans 5:17 trespass
  8. Romans 5:18 Or one trespass
  9. Romans 5:18 Or one righteous act
  10. Romans 6:6 rendered inoperative
  11. Romans 6:7 cleared
  12. Romans 6:11 consider
  13. Romans 6:13 Or weapons
  14. Romans 6:17 entrusted
  15. Romans 6:19 unto sanctification
  16. Romans 6:22 unto sanctification
  17. Romans 6:23 free gift
  18. Romans 7:1 rules
  19. Romans 8:1 NU omits the rest of v. 1.
  20. Romans 8:6 fleshly
  21. Romans 8:7 fleshly
  22. Romans 8:11 Or because of
  23. Romans 8:15 Lit., in Aram., Father

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