Justification by Faith

21 But now apart [a]from the Law (A)the righteousness of God has been revealed, being (B)witnessed by the [b]Law and the Prophets, 22 but it is the (C)righteousness of God through (D)faith (E)in Jesus Christ for (F)all those [c]who believe; for (G)there is no distinction, 23 for all [d](H)have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift (I)by His grace through (J)the redemption which is in Christ Jesus, 25 whom God displayed publicly as (K)a [e]propitiation [f](L)in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, [g]because in God’s merciful (M)restraint He (N)let the sins previously committed go unpunished; 26 for the demonstration, that is, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who [h]has faith in Jesus.

27 Where then is (O)boasting? It has been excluded. By (P)what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28 [i]For (Q)we maintain that a person is justified by faith apart from works [j]of the Law. 29 Or (R)is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed (S)God (T)who will justify the [k]circumcised [l]by faith and the [m]uncircumcised through faith (U)is one.

31 Do we then nullify [n]the Law through faith? (V)Far from it! On the contrary, we (W)establish the Law.

Abraham’s Justification by Faith

What then shall we say that Abraham, [o]our forefather (X)according to the flesh, has found? For if Abraham was justified [p]by works, he has something to boast about; but (Y)not [q]before God. For what does the Scripture say? “(Z)Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness.” Now to the one who (AA)works, the wages are not credited as a favor, but as what is due. But to the one who does not work, but (AB)believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing of the person to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:

(AC)Blessed are those whose lawless deeds have been forgiven,
And whose sins have been covered.
(AD)Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will not (AE)take into account.”

Is this blessing then on [r](AF)the circumcised, or on [s]the uncircumcised also? For (AG)we say, “(AH)Faith was credited to Abraham as righteousness.” 10 How then was it credited? While he was [t]circumcised, or [u]uncircumcised? Not while [v]circumcised, but while [w]uncircumcised; 11 and he (AI)received the sign of circumcision, (AJ)a seal of the righteousness of the faith which [x]he had while uncircumcised, so that he might be (AK)the father of (AL)all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be credited to them, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which [y]he had while uncircumcised.

13 For (AM)the promise to Abraham or to his [z]descendants (AN)that he would be heir of the world was not [aa]through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith. 14 For (AO)if those who are [ab]of the Law are heirs, then faith is made void and the promise is nullified; 15 for (AP)the Law brings about wrath, but (AQ)where there is no law, there also is no violation.

16 For this reason it is [ac]by faith, in order that it may be in accordance with (AR)grace, so that the promise will be guaranteed to (AS)all the [ad]descendants, not only to [ae]those who are of the Law, but also to [af](AT)those who are of the faith of Abraham, who is (AU)the father of us all, 17 (as it is written: “I have made you (AV)a father of many nations”) in the presence of Him whom he believed, that is, God, (AW)who gives life to the dead and (AX)calls into being (AY)things that do not exist. 18 In hope against hope he believed, so that he might become (AZ)a father of many nations according to that which had been spoken, “(BA)So shall your [ag]descendants be.” 19 Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body, now (BB)as good as dead since (BC)he was about a hundred years old, and (BD)the deadness of Sarah’s womb; 20 yet, with respect to the promise of God, he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith, (BE)giving glory to God, 21 and (BF)being fully assured that (BG)what God had promised, He was able also to perform. 22 Therefore (BH)it was also credited to him as righteousness. 23 Now (BI)not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24 but for our sake also, to whom it will be credited, to us (BJ)who believe in Him who (BK)raised Jesus our Lord from the dead, 25 He who was (BL)delivered over because of our wrongdoings, and was (BM)raised because of our justification.


  1. Romans 3:21 Or from law
  2. Romans 3:21 I.e., the Old Testament
  3. Romans 3:22 Or who believe. For there is
  4. Romans 3:23 Or sinned
  5. Romans 3:25 I.e., a means of reconciliation between God and mankind by paying the penalty for sin
  6. Romans 3:25 Or by
  7. Romans 3:25 Lit because of the passing over of the sins previously committed, in the restraint of God
  8. Romans 3:26 Lit is of the faith of Jesus
  9. Romans 3:28 One early ms Therefore
  10. Romans 3:28 Or of law
  11. Romans 3:30 Lit circumcision
  12. Romans 3:30 Lit out of
  13. Romans 3:30 Lit uncircumcision
  14. Romans 3:31 Or law
  15. Romans 4:1 Or our forefather, has found according to the flesh
  16. Romans 4:2 Lit out of
  17. Romans 4:2 Lit toward
  18. Romans 4:9 Lit circumcision
  19. Romans 4:9 Lit uncircumcision
  20. Romans 4:10 Lit in circumcision
  21. Romans 4:10 Lit in uncircumcision
  22. Romans 4:10 Lit in circumcision
  23. Romans 4:10 Lit in uncircumcision
  24. Romans 4:11 Lit was in uncircumcision
  25. Romans 4:12 Lit was in uncircumcision
  26. Romans 4:13 Lit seed
  27. Romans 4:13 Or through law
  28. Romans 4:14 Or of law
  29. Romans 4:16 Or out of
  30. Romans 4:16 Lit seed
  31. Romans 4:16 Lit that which is
  32. Romans 4:16 Lit that which is
  33. Romans 4:18 Lit seed

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