Romans 1 Mounce Reverse-Interlinear New Testament (MOUNCE)
1 Paul Paulos, a servant of Christ Christos Jesus Iēsous, called klētos to be an apostle apostolos, set aphorizō apart for eis the gospel euangelion of God theos, 2 which hos he promised beforehand through dia · ho his autos prophets prophētēs in en the holy hagios scriptures graphē, 3 the gospel concerning peri · ho his autos Son hyios, who ho was descended ginomai from ek David Dauid according kata to the flesh sarx, 4 and · ho was designated horizō Son hyios of God theos with en power dynamis according kata to the spirit pneuma of holiness hagiōsynē by ek the resurrection anastasis from the dead nekros, Jesus Iēsous Christ Christos · ho our hēmeis Lord kyrios. 5 Through dia him hos we have received lambanō grace charis and kai apostleship apostolē to eis bring about the obedience hypakoē of faith pistis among en all pas the ho nations ethnos on hyper behalf of · ho his autos name onoma, 6 among en whom hos are eimi you hymeis also kai, called klētos to belong to Jesus Iēsous Christ Christos. 7 To all pas who ho are eimi in en Rome Rhōmē, loved agapētos by God theos and called klētos to be saints hagios: Grace charis to you hymeis and kai peace eirēnē from apo God theos our hēmeis Father patēr and kai the Lord kyrios Jesus Iēsous Christ Christos.
8 First prōton of all , I thank eucharisteō · ho my egō God theos through dia Jesus Iēsous Christ Christos for peri all pas of you hymeis, because hoti · ho your hymeis faith pistis is being proclaimed katangellō throughout en the ho whole holos world kosmos. 9 For gar God theos is eimi my egō witness martys, · ho whom hos I serve latreuō with en · ho my egō spirit pneuma in en the ho gospel euangelion of ho his autos Son hyios, how hōs unceasingly adialeiptōs I make poieō mention mneia of you hymeis 10 always pantote in epi · ho my egō prayers proseuchē, asking deomai if ei perhaps pōs now ēdē at last pote I may be able euodoō, by en the ho will thelēma of ho God theos, to visit erchomai you hymeis. 11 For gar I long epipotheō to see you hymeis so hina that I may share metadidōmi with you hymeis some tis spiritual pneumatikos gift charisma to eis · ho strengthen stērizō you hymeis— 12 that houtos · de is eimi, that we may be mutually encouraged symparakaleō by dia · ho each allēlōn other’ s faith pistis, I by yours hymeis and kai you by mine egō. 13 I do not ou want thelō · de you hymeis to be unaware agnoeō, brethren adelphos, that hoti I often pollakis intended protithēmi to come erchomai to pros you hymeis ( but kai have been prevented kōlyō until achri · ho now deuro) so hina that I might have echō some tis fruit karpos · kai among en you hymeis, just kathōs as · kai among en the ho rest loipos of the Gentiles ethnos. 14 I am eimi a debtor opheiletēs both te to the Greeks Hellēn and kai to the barbarians barbaros, to the wise sophos as well as kai to the foolish anoētos. 15 So houtōs for kata my egō part ho I am eager prothumos to preach the gospel euangelizō to you hymeis also kai who ho are in en Rome Rhōmē.
16 For gar I am not ou ashamed epaischunomai of the ho gospel euangelion; it is eimi the power dynamis of God theos for eis salvation sōtēria to everyone pas who ho believes pisteuō, to the Jew Ioudaios first prōton and kai also to the Greek Hellēn. 17 For gar in en it autos the righteousness dikaiosynē of God theos is revealed apokalyptō from ek faith pistis to eis faith pistis; as kathōs it is written graphō, “ The ho · de righteous dikaios by ek faith pistis will live zaō.”
18 For gar the wrath orgē of God theos is being revealed apokalyptō from apo heaven ouranos against epi all pas ungodliness asebeia and kai the unrighteousness adikia of those anthrōpos who ho suppress katechō the ho truth alētheia by en their unrighteousness adikia, 19 because dioti what ho can be known gnōstos about · ho God theos is eimi plain phaneros to en them autos, for gar · ho God theos has revealed phaneroō it to them autos. 20 Ever since apo the creation ktisis of the world kosmos, · ho his autos invisible aoratos attributes , · ho that te is , his autos eternal aidios power dynamis and kai divine theiotēs nature , have been clearly seen kathoraō, being understood noeō through what ho has been made poiēma. So eis they autos are eimi without excuse anapologētos. 21 Even dioti though they knew ginōskō · ho God theos, they did doxazō not ou honor doxazō him as hōs God theos or ē give eucharisteō him thanks , but alla they became futile mataioō in en · ho their autos speculations dialogismos and kai · ho their autos foolish asynetos hearts kardia were darkened. 22 Professing phaskō to be eimi wise sophos, they became fools mōrainō, 23 and kai exchanged allassō the ho glory doxa of the ho incorruptible aphthartos God theos for en images eikōn resembling homoiōma corruptible phthartos man anthrōpos and kai birds peteinon and kai four-footed tetrapous animals and kai crawling herpeton creatures . 24 Therefore dio God theos gave paradidōmi them autos over · ho in en the ho lusts epithumia of ho their autos hearts kardia to eis impurity akatharsia, so that ho they dishonored atimazō · ho their autos bodies sōma among en themselves autos. 25 They hostis exchanged metallassō the ho truth alētheia of ho God theos for en a ho lie pseudos and kai worshiped sebazomai and kai served latreuō the ho creature ktisis rather para than the ho Creator ktizō, who hos is eimi blessed eulogētos for eis all ho time aiōn. Amen amēn. 26 For dia this houtos reason God theos gave paradidōmi them autos over · ho to eis degrading atimia passions pathos. · ho Their autos women thēlys exchanged metallassō the ho natural physikos sexual function chrēsis for eis one ho that is unnatural para physis, 27 and te likewise homoiōs the ho men arsēn also kai abandoned aphiēmi the ho natural physikos sexual relation chrēsis with ho women thēlys and burned ekkaiō in en · ho their autos passion orexis for eis one allēlōn another — men arsēn with en men arsēn committing katergazomai · ho shameless aschēmosynē acts and kai receiving apolambanō in en themselves heautou the ho due dei penalty antimisthia for ho their autos error planē. 28 And kai as kathōs they did not ou see dokimazō fit to acknowledge echō · ho God theos, God theos gave paradidōmi them autos over · ho to eis a debased adokimos mind nous, to do poieō things ho that ought not mē to be done kathēkō. 29 They are filled plēroō with every pas kind of unrighteousness adikia, wickedness ponēria, covetousness pleonexia, malice kakia. They are full mestos of envy phthonos, murder phonos, strife eris, deceit dolos, meanness kakoētheia. They are gossips psithuristēs, 30 slanderers katalalos, haters theostygēs of God , insolent hybristēs, arrogant hyperēphanos, boastful alazōn, inventors epheuretēs of evil kakos, disobedient apeithēs to parents goneus, 31 foolish asynetos, covenant-breakers asynthetos, unloving astorgos, ruthless aneleēmōn. 32 Though epiginōskō they hostis understand epiginōskō the ho righteous dikaiōma requirement of ho God theos, that hoti those ho who practice prassō · ho such toioutos things are eimi worthy axios of death thanatos, they poieō not ou only monon continue to do poieō them autos but alla also kai to heartily syneudokeō approve of others ho who practice prassō them.
Romans 1 Expanded Bible (EXB)
1 From Paul, a ·servant [slave; bondservant] of Christ Jesus. ·God called me [L …called] to be an ·apostle [messenger] and ·chose me [set me apart; appointed me] to tell the ·Good News [Gospel].
2 God promised this ·Good News [Gospel] ·long ago [beforehand; previously] through his prophets, as it is written in the Holy Scriptures. 3 The Good News is about God’s Son. ·As a man [or With reference to his earthly life; L According to the flesh], he was born ·from the family [a descendant; L of the seed] of David [2 Sam. 7:11–14]. 4 But through the Spirit of holiness [C a Jewish way of referring to the Holy Spirit] he was ·declared [or designated; appointed] to be God’s Son with great power by rising from the dead [C though eternally the Son of God, Jesus was appointed such “with power” at his resurrection; see Ps. 2:7; 110:1–2]. He is Jesus Christ our Lord. 5 Through ·Christ [L whom], ·God gave me the special work of an apostle [L we have received apostleship; C “we” could be a formal way of saying “I,” or could refer to Paul and the other apostles], which was to lead ·people of all nations [the Gentiles] to ·believe and obey [or the obedience that comes from faith; or the obedience that is faith]. I do this work for ·him [L his name]. 6 And you who are in Rome are also among those [C Gentiles] called to belong to Jesus Christ.
7 To all of you in Rome whom God loves and has called to be ·his holy people [T saints]:
Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
A Prayer of Thanks
8 First I want to say that I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, because people everywhere in the world are talking about your faith. 9 God, whom I serve ·with my whole heart [in/with my spirit] ·by telling [or for the sake of; L in] the ·Good News [Gospel] about his Son, ·knows [L is my witness] that I ·always [continually; never cease to] mention you 10 every time I pray. I pray that now at last ·if God wants it [by God’s will] I will ·be allowed to come [succeed in coming] to you. 11 I ·want very much [long] to see you, to ·give [impart to; or share with] you some spiritual gift to make you strong. 12 I mean that I want us to ·help each other [be mutually encouraged/comforted] ·with the faith we have [by each other’s faith]. ·Your faith will help me, and my faith will help you [L …both yours and mine]. 13 Brothers and sisters, I want you to know that I ·planned [intended] many times to come to you, but ·this has not been possible [L have been hindered/ unsuccessful until now]. I wanted to come so that I could ·help you grow spiritually [L harvest some fruit among you] as I have ·helped the other [L among the rest of the] Gentiles.
14 I have a ·duty [obligation; debt] to all people—Greeks and ·those who are not Greeks [or barbarians; C this pairing could mean (1) ethnic Greeks and other Gentiles; (2) Greek speakers (people in the Roman empire) and non-Greek speakers (those outside the Roman empire); or (3) cultured people and uncultured people], the wise and the foolish [C perhaps contrasting educated with uneducated, or philosophically sophisticated (1 Cor. 1:18–31) with simple-minded]. 15 That is why I ·want so much [am so eager] to preach the ·Good News [Gospel] to you in Rome.
16 [L For] I am not ashamed of the ·Good News [Gospel], because it is the power God uses to save everyone who believes—to save the Jews first, and then to save ·Gentiles [L the Greeks; C here meaning anyone who is not Jewish; contrast v. 14]. 17 The ·Good News [Gospel] shows ·how God makes people right with himself [or God’s righteous character; L the righteousness of/from God]—·that it begins and ends with faith [or that advances from one believing person to the next; or that begins with God’s faithfulness and results in people’s faith; L from faith to faith]. As the Scripture says, “But ·those who are right with God will live by faith [or those made righteous through faith will live (eternally); Hab. 2:4].”
All People Have Sinned
18 [L For] God’s ·anger [wrath; retribution] is ·shown [being revealed] from heaven against all the ·evil [ungodly] and ·wrong [wicked; unrighteous] things people do. By their ·own evil lives [wickedness; unrighteousness] they ·hide [suppress] the truth. 19 God ·shows [reveals] his ·anger [wrath; retribution] because ·some knowledge of [what can be known about] him has been made ·clear [plain; evident] to them. Yes, God has ·shown himself [revealed/disclosed it] to them. 20 For since the creation of the world, God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and ·all the things that make him God [his divine nature]—have been clearly ·seen [perceived], understood through what God has made. So people have no excuse. 21 They knew God, but they did not give glory to God or thank him. Their thinking became ·useless [futile; pointless]. Their ·foolish [ignorant; uncomprehending] ·minds [L hearts] were ·filled with darkness [darkened]. 22 They claimed to be wise, but they became fools. 23 They ·traded [exchanged] the glory of ·God who lives forever [the immortal/imperishable God] for the worship of ·idols [images] made to look like ·earthly [mortal; perishable] people, birds, animals, and reptiles.
24 Because they did these things, God ·abandoned them to [allowed them to pursue; gave them over to] ·their sinful desires [L the desires of their hearts], resulting in ·sexual impurity [L uncleanness; impurity] and the dishonoring of their bodies with one another. 25 They ·traded [exchanged] the truth of God for ·a lie [or the lie; see Gen. 3:4–5] and worshiped and served ·the creation [or the creature; or created things] instead of the Creator, who ·should be praised [or is blessed] forever. Amen.
26 Because people did those things, God ·abandoned them to [allowed them to pursue; gave them over to] ·shameful [dishonorable; degrading] ·lusts [passions]. [L Their] Women ·stopped having natural sex and started having sex with other women [L exchanged natural (heterosexual) relations for unnatural ones]. 27 In the same way, men ·stopped having [abandoned] natural ·sex [L relations with women] and ·began wanting [L were inflamed in their lust for] each other. Men did shameful things with other men, and in ·their bodies [L themselves] they received the ·punishment [recompense; due penalty] for ·those wrongs [their error].
28 [L And since/just as] People did not ·think it was important [consider it worthwhile; see fit] to ·have a true knowledge of [or acknowledge] God. So God ·abandoned them to [allowed them to pursue; gave them over to] ·their own worthless thinking [a depraved/corrupted mind] to do things they should not do. 29 They are filled with every kind of ·sin [unrighteousness; injustice], ·evil [wickedness], ·selfishness [greed], and ·hatred [evil; malice; depravity]. They are full of ·jealousy [envy], murder, ·fighting [strife; quarreling], ·lying [deceit; treachery], and ·thinking the worst about each other [spite; maliciousness]. They are gossips 30 and ·say evil things about each other [slanderers; backstabbers]. They hate God. They are ·rude [insolent; haughty] and ·conceited [proud; arrogant] and ·brag about themselves [boastful]. They invent ways of doing evil. They do not ·obey [respect] their parents. 31 They are ·foolish [senseless; undiscerning], they ·do not keep their promises [or are covenant-breakers], and they show no ·kindness [love; affection] or ·mercy [pity] to others. 32 They know God’s ·law says [righteous decree; just requirement] that those who live like this should die. But they themselves not only continue to do these evil things, they ·applaud [approve of; encourage] others who do them.