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15 Then he asked them, “But who do you say I am?”

16 Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah,[a] the Son of the living God.”

17 Jesus replied, “You are blessed, Simon son of John,[b] because my Father in heaven has revealed this to you. You did not learn this from any human being. 18 Now I say to you that you are Peter (which means ‘rock’),[c] and upon this rock I will build my church, and all the powers of hell[d] will not conquer it. 19 And I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven. Whatever you forbid[e] on earth will be forbidden in heaven, and whatever you permit[f] on earth will be permitted in heaven.”

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  1. 16:16 Or the Christ. Messiah (a Hebrew term) and Christ (a Greek term) both mean “anointed one.”
  2. 16:17 Greek Simon bar-Jonah; see John 1:42; 21:15-17.
  3. 16:18a Greek that you are Peter.
  4. 16:18b Greek and the gates of Hades.
  5. 16:19a Or bind, or lock.
  6. 16:19b Or loose, or open.

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