Elijah Predicts Drought

17 Now Elijah the Tishbite, who was of [a](A)the settlers of Gilead, said to Ahab, “(B)As the Lord, the God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, (C)there shall certainly be neither dew nor rain during these years, except by my word.” Then the word of the Lord came to him, saying, “Go away from here and turn eastward, and hide yourself by the brook Cherith, which is [b]east of the Jordan. And it shall be that you will drink from the brook, and (D)I have commanded the ravens to provide food for you there.” So he went and did everything according to the word of the Lord, for he went and lived by the brook Cherith, which is [c]east of the Jordan. And the ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning and bread and meat in the evening, and he would drink from the brook. But it happened after a while that the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land.

Then the word of the Lord came to him, saying, “Arise, go to (E)Zarephath, which belongs to Sidon, and stay there; behold, (F)I have commanded a widow there to provide food for you.” 10 So he arose and went to Zarephath, and when he came to the entrance of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering sticks; and (G)he called to her and said, “Please get me a little water in a [d]cup, so that I may drink.” 11 As she was going to get it, he called to her and said, “Please bring me a piece of bread in your hand.” 12 But she said, “(H)As the Lord your God lives, (I)I have no food, only a handful of flour in the [e]bowl and a little oil in the jar; and behold, I am gathering [f]a few sticks so that I may go in and prepare it for me and my son, so that we may [g]eat it and (J)die.” 13 However, Elijah said to her, “Do not fear; go, do as you have said. Just make me a little bread loaf from [h]it first and bring it out to me, and afterward you may make one for yourself and for your son. 14 For this is what the Lord, the God of Israel says: ‘The [i]bowl of flour shall not be used up, nor shall the jar of oil become empty, until the day that the Lord provides rain on the face of the earth.’” 15 So she went and did everything in accordance with the word of Elijah, and she and he and her household ate for many days. 16 The [j]bowl of flour was not used up, nor did the jar of oil become empty, in accordance with the word of the Lord which He spoke through Elijah.

Elijah Raises the Widow’s Son

17 Now it happened after these things that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, became sick; and his [k]condition became very grave, until at the end [l]he was no longer breathing. 18 So she said to Elijah, “[m](K)Why is my business any of yours, you (L)man of God? Yet you have come to me to bring my wrongdoing to remembrance, and to put my son to death!” 19 But he said to her, “Give me your son.” Then he took him from her [n]arms and carried him up to the upstairs room where he was living, and laid him on his own bed. 20 And he called to the Lord and said, “Lord, my God, have You also brought catastrophe upon the widow with whom I am [o]staying, by causing her son to die?” 21 (M)Then he stretched himself out over the boy three times, and called to the Lord and said, “Lord, my God, please, let this boy’s life return [p]to him.” 22 And the Lord listened to the voice of Elijah, (N)and the life of the boy returned [q]to him and he revived. 23 Elijah then took the boy and brought him down from the upstairs room into the house and gave him to his mother; and Elijah said, “See, your son is alive.” 24 Then the woman said to Elijah, “(O)Now I know that you are a man of God, and that the word of the Lord in your mouth is truth.”

Obadiah Meets Elijah

18 Now it happened (P)after many days that the word of the Lord came to Elijah in the third year, saying, “Go, present yourself to Ahab, and (Q)I will provide rain on the face of the earth.” So Elijah went to present himself to Ahab. Now the famine was severe in Samaria. Ahab summoned Obadiah, (R)who was in charge of the household. (Now Obadiah [r](S)feared the Lord greatly; for (T)when Jezebel killed the prophets of the Lord, Obadiah took a hundred prophets and hid them by fifties in a cave, and (U)provided them with bread and water.) Then Ahab said to Obadiah, “Go through the land to all the springs of water and to all the river valleys; perhaps we will find grass and keep the horses and mules alive, and not have to kill some of the cattle.” So they divided the land between them to [s]survey it; Ahab went one way by himself, and Obadiah went another way by himself.

Now as Obadiah was on the way, behold, Elijah met him, (V)and he recognized him and fell on his face and said, “Is it you, Elijah my master?” And he said to him, “It is I. Go, say to your master, ‘Behold, Elijah is here.’” But he said, “What [t]sin have I committed, that you are handing your servant over to Ahab, to put me to death? 10 (W)As surely as the Lord your God lives, there is no nation or kingdom to which my master has not sent word to search for you; and whenever they say, ‘He is not here,’ he makes the kingdom or nation swear that they could not find you. 11 Yet now you are saying, ‘Go, say to your master, “Behold, Elijah is here!”’ 12 And it will come about when I leave you (X)that the Spirit of the Lord will carry you to where I do not know; so when I come and inform Ahab and he cannot find you, he will kill me, though I, your servant, have [u]feared the Lord from my youth. 13 (Y)Has it not been reported to my master what I did when Jezebel killed the prophets of the Lord, that I hid a hundred [v]prophets of the Lord by fifties in a cave, and provided them with bread and water? 14 Yet now you are saying, ‘Go, say to your master, “Behold, Elijah is here”’; he will then kill me!” 15 Then Elijah said, “(Z)As surely as the Lord of armies lives, before whom I stand, I will certainly present myself to him today.” 16 So Obadiah went to meet Ahab and informed him; then Ahab went to meet Elijah.

17 When Ahab saw Elijah, (AA)Ahab said to him, “Is this you, the cause of disaster to Israel?” 18 He said, “I have not brought disaster to Israel, but you and your father’s house have, because (AB)you have abandoned the commandments of the Lord and (AC)you have followed the Baals. 19 Now then, send orders and gather to me all Israel at (AD)Mount Carmel, (AE)together with 450 prophets of Baal and four hundred prophets of [w](AF)the Asherah, who eat at Jezebel’s table.”

God or Baal on Mount Carmel

20 So Ahab sent orders among all the sons of Israel and brought the prophets together at Mount Carmel. 21 Then Elijah approached all the people and said, “(AG)How long are you going to [x]struggle with the two choices? (AH)If the Lord is God, follow Him; but if Baal, follow him.” But the people did not answer him so much as a word. 22 Then Elijah said to the people, “I (AI)alone am left as a prophet of the Lord, while Baal’s prophets are (AJ)450 men. 23 Now have them give us two oxen; and have them choose the one ox for themselves and cut it up, and place it on the wood, but put no fire under it; and I will prepare the other ox and lay it on the wood, and I will not put a fire under it. 24 Then you call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of the Lord; and (AK)the God who answers by fire, He is God.” And all the people replied, “[y]That is a good idea.”

25 So Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, “Choose the one ox for yourselves and prepare it first, since there are many of you, and call on the name of your god, but put no fire under the ox.” 26 Then they took the ox which [z]was given them and they prepared it, and they called on the name of Baal from morning until noon, saying, “O Baal, answer us!” But there was (AL)no voice and no one answered. And they [aa]limped about the altar which [ab]they had made. 27 And at noon Elijah ridiculed them and said, “Call out with a loud voice, since he is a god; undoubtedly he is attending to business, or is on the way, or is on a journey. Perhaps he is asleep, and will awaken.” 28 So they cried out with a loud voice, and (AM)cut themselves according to their custom with swords and lances until blood gushed out on them. 29 When midday was past, they raved (AN)until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice; but there was no voice, no one answered, and [ac]no one paid attention.

30 Then Elijah said to all the people, “Come forward to me.” So all the people came forward to him. And (AO)he repaired the altar of the Lord which had been torn down. 31 Then Elijah took twelve stones, corresponding to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the Lord had come, saying, “(AP)Israel shall be your name.” 32 And with the stones he built an altar in (AQ)the name of the Lord; and he made a trench around the altar, large enough to hold two [ad]measures of seed. 33 (AR)Then he laid out the wood, and he cut the ox in pieces and placed it on the wood. 34 And he said, “Fill four large jars with water and pour it on the burnt offering and on the wood.” And he said, “Do it a second time,” so they did it a second time. Then he said, “Do it a third time,” so they did it a third time. 35 The water flowed around the altar, and he also filled the trench with water.

Elijah’s Prayer

36 Then (AS)at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, Elijah the prophet approached and said, “(AT)Lord, God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, today let it be known that (AU)You are God in Israel and that I am Your servant, and that (AV)I have done all these things at Your word. 37 Answer me, Lord, answer me, so that this people may know that You, Lord, are God, and that You have turned their heart back.” 38 Then the (AW)fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt offering and the wood, and the stones and the dust; and it licked up the water that was in the trench. 39 When all the people saw this, they fell on their faces; and they said, “(AX)The Lord, He is God; the Lord, He is God!” 40 Then Elijah said to them, “Seize the prophets of Baal; do not let one of them escape.” So they seized them; and Elijah brought them down to (AY)the brook Kishon, (AZ)and slaughtered them there.

41 Now Elijah said to Ahab, “Go up, eat and drink; for there is the sound of the roar of a heavy shower.” 42 So Ahab went up to eat and drink. But Elijah went up to the top of (BA)Carmel; and he (BB)bent down to the earth and put his face between his knees. 43 And he said to his servant, “Go up now, look toward the sea.” So he went up and looked, but he said, “There is nothing.” Yet Elijah said, “Go back” seven times. 44 And when he returned the seventh time, he said, “Behold, (BC)a cloud as small as a person’s hand is coming up from the sea.” And Elijah said, “Go up, say to Ahab, ‘Harness your chariot horses and go down, so that the heavy shower does not stop you.’” 45 Meanwhile the sky became dark with clouds and wind came up, and there was a heavy shower. And Ahab rode and went to (BD)Jezreel. 46 Then (BE)the hand of the Lord was on Elijah, and (BF)he [ae]belted his cloak around his waist and [af]outran Ahab [ag]to Jezreel.

Elijah Flees from Jezebel

19 Now Ahab told Jezebel everything that Elijah had done, and [ah](BG)how he had killed all the prophets with the sword. Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, “(BH)So may the gods do to me and more so, if by about this time tomorrow I do not make your [ai]life like the [aj]life of one of them.” And he [ak]was afraid, and got up and ran for his [al]life and came to (BI)Beersheba, which belongs to Judah; and he left his servant there. But he himself went a day’s journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a broom tree; and (BJ)he asked for himself to die, and said, “Enough! Now, Lord, take my [am]life, for I am no better than my fathers.” Then he lay down and fell asleep under a broom tree; but behold, there was (BK)an angel touching him, and he said to him, “Arise, eat!” And he looked, and behold, there was at his head a round loaf of bread baked on hot coals, and a pitcher of water. So he ate and drank, and lay down again. But the angel of the Lord came back a second time and touched him, and said, “Arise, eat; because the journey is too long for you.” So he arose and ate and drank, and he journeyed in the strength of that food for (BL)forty days and forty nights to (BM)Horeb, the mountain of God.

Elijah at Horeb

Then he came there to a cave and spent the night there; and behold, (BN)the word of the Lord came to him, and He said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” 10 And he said, “(BO)I have been very zealous for the Lord, the God of armies; for the sons of Israel have abandoned Your covenant, (BP)torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. And (BQ)I alone am left; and they have sought to take my life.”

11 So He said, “(BR)Go out and stand on the mountain before the Lord.” And behold, the Lord was passing by! And (BS)a great and powerful wind was tearing out the mountains and breaking the rocks in pieces before the Lord; but the Lord was not in the wind. And after the wind there was an earthquake, but the Lord was not in the earthquake. 12 And after the earthquake, a fire, but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire, (BT)a sound of a gentle blowing. 13 When Elijah heard it, (BU)he wrapped his face in his cloak and went out and stood in the entrance of the cave. And behold, (BV)a voice came to him and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?” 14 Then he said, “(BW)I have been very zealous for the Lord, the God of armies; for the sons of Israel have abandoned Your covenant, torn down Your altars, and killed Your prophets with the sword. And I alone am left; and they have sought to take my life.”

15 The Lord said to him, “Go, return on your way to the wilderness of Damascus; and when you have arrived, (BX)you shall anoint Hazael king over Aram. 16 You shall also anoint (BY)Jehu the son of Nimshi king over Israel; and you shall anoint (BZ)Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel-meholah as prophet in your place. 17 And it shall come about that the (CA)one who escapes from the sword of Hazael, Jehu (CB)shall put to death, and the one who escapes from the sword of Jehu, Elisha shall put to death. 18 (CC)Yet I will leave seven thousand in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal and every mouth that has not (CD)kissed him.”

19 So he departed from there and found Elisha the son of Shaphat while he was plowing, with twelve yoke of oxen in front of him, and he with the twelfth. And Elijah came over to him and threw (CE)his cloak on him. 20 Then he left the oxen behind and ran after Elijah, and said, “Please (CF)let me kiss my father and my mother, then I will follow you.” And he said to him, “Go back, for [an]what have I done to you?” 21 So he returned from following him, and took the pair of oxen and sacrificed them, and (CG)cooked their meat with the implements of the oxen, and gave it to the people and they ate. Then he got up and followed Elijah and served him.


  1. 1 Kings 17:1 Another reading is Tishbe in Gilead
  2. 1 Kings 17:3 Lit facing
  3. 1 Kings 17:5 Lit facing
  4. 1 Kings 17:10 Lit vessel
  5. 1 Kings 17:12 Lit pitcher
  6. 1 Kings 17:12 Lit two
  7. 1 Kings 17:12 I.e., have their last meal
  8. 1 Kings 17:13 Lit there
  9. 1 Kings 17:14 Lit pitcher
  10. 1 Kings 17:16 Lit pitcher
  11. 1 Kings 17:17 Lit illness
  12. 1 Kings 17:17 Lit breath was not left in him
  13. 1 Kings 17:18 Lit What to me and to you, an ancient idiom
  14. 1 Kings 17:19 Lit breast
  15. 1 Kings 17:20 Lit sojourning
  16. 1 Kings 17:21 Lit upon his inward part
  17. 1 Kings 17:22 Lit upon his inward part
  18. 1 Kings 18:3 Or revered
  19. 1 Kings 18:6 Lit pass through
  20. 1 Kings 18:9 Lit have I sinned
  21. 1 Kings 18:12 Or revered
  22. 1 Kings 18:13 Lit men of the prophets
  23. 1 Kings 18:19 I.e., wooden symbol of a female deity
  24. 1 Kings 18:21 Lit limp on the two crutches
  25. 1 Kings 18:24 Lit The matter is good
  26. 1 Kings 18:26 Lit he gave
  27. 1 Kings 18:26 I.e., in a type of ceremonial dance
  28. 1 Kings 18:26 As in some mss and ancient versions; MT he
  29. 1 Kings 18:29 Lit there was no attention
  30. 1 Kings 18:32 Heb seahs; i.e., one seah equals about 7 qt. or 7.7 liters
  31. 1 Kings 18:46 I.e., for travel
  32. 1 Kings 18:46 Lit ran ahead of
  33. 1 Kings 18:46 Lit until your coming to
  34. 1 Kings 19:1 Lit all that he had
  35. 1 Kings 19:2 Lit soul
  36. 1 Kings 19:2 Lit soul
  37. 1 Kings 19:3 Reading of many mss; MT may read saw
  38. 1 Kings 19:3 Lit soul
  39. 1 Kings 19:4 Lit soul
  40. 1 Kings 19:20 I.e., so as to influence Elisha’s decision

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