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The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s.(A)

Colloquy of the Young Woman and Friends

Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth!
For your love is better than wine;(B)
    your anointing oils are fragrant;
your name is perfume poured out;
    therefore the maidens love you.(C)
Draw me after you; let us make haste.
    The king has brought me into his chambers.
We will exult and rejoice in you;
    we will extol your love more than wine;
    rightly do they love you.(D)

I am black and beautiful,
    O daughters of Jerusalem,
like the tents of Kedar,
    like the curtains of Solomon.(E)
Do not gaze at me because I am dark,
    because the sun has gazed on me.
My mother’s sons were angry with me;
    they made me keeper of the vineyards,
    but my own vineyard I have not kept!(F)
Tell me, you whom my soul loves,
    where you pasture your flock,
    where you make it lie down at noon,
for why should I be like one who is veiled
    beside the flocks of your companions?(G)

If you do not know,
    O fairest among women,
follow the tracks of the flock
    and pasture your kids
    beside the shepherds’ tents.(H)

Colloquy of the Young Man, Friends, and the Young Woman

I compare you, my love,
    to a mare among Pharaoh’s chariots.(I)
10 Your cheeks are comely with ornaments,
    your neck with strings of jewels.(J)
11 We will make you ornaments of gold,
    studded with silver.

12 While the king was on his couch,
    my nard gave forth its fragrance.
13 My beloved is to me a bag of myrrh
    that lies between my breasts.
14 My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blossoms
    in the vineyards of En-gedi.(K)

15 Ah, you are beautiful, my love;
    ah, you are beautiful;
    your eyes are doves.(L)
16 Ah, you are beautiful, my beloved,
    truly lovely.
Our couch is green;
17     the beams of our house are cedar;
    our rafters[a] are pine.(M)

I am a rose of Sharon,
    a lily of the valleys.(N)

As a lily among brambles,
    so is my love among maidens.

As an apple tree among the trees of the wood,
    so is my beloved among young men.
With great delight I sat in his shadow,
    and his fruit was sweet to my taste.(O)
He brought me to the banqueting house,
    and his intention toward[b] me was love.(P)
Sustain me with raisins,
    refresh me with apples,
    for I am faint with love.(Q)
O that his left hand were under my head
    and that his right hand embraced me!(R)
I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem,
    by the gazelles or the wild does:
do not stir up or awaken love
    until it is ready!(S)

Springtime Rhapsody

The voice of my beloved!
    Look, he comes,
leaping upon the mountains,
    bounding over the hills.(T)
My beloved is like a gazelle
    or a young stag.
Look, there he stands
    behind our wall,
gazing in at the windows,
    looking through the lattice.(U)
10 My beloved speaks and says to me:
“Arise, my love, my fair one,
    and come away,(V)
11 for now the winter is past,
    the rain is over and gone.
12 The flowers appear on the earth;
    the time of singing has come,
and the voice of the turtledove
    is heard in our land.(W)
13 The fig tree puts forth its figs,
    and the vines are in blossom;
    they give forth fragrance.
Arise, my love, my fair one,
    and come away.(X)
14 O my dove, in the clefts of the rock,
    in the covert of the cliff,
let me see your face;
    let me hear your voice,
for your voice is sweet,
    and your face is lovely.(Y)
15 Catch us the foxes,
    the little foxes,
that ruin the vineyards—
    for our vineyards are in blossom.”(Z)

16 My beloved is mine, and I am his;
    he pastures his flock among the lilies.(AA)
17 Until the day breathes
    and the shadows flee,
turn, my beloved, be like a gazelle
    or a young stag on the cleft mountains.[c](AB)

Love’s Dream

Upon my bed at night
    I sought him whom my soul loves;
I sought him but found him not;
    I called him, but he gave no answer.[d](AC)
“I will rise now and go about the city,
    in the streets and in the squares;
I will seek him whom my soul loves.”
    I sought him but found him not.(AD)
The sentinels found me,
    as they went about in the city.
“Have you seen him whom my soul loves?”(AE)
Scarcely had I passed them,
    when I found him whom my soul loves.
I held him and would not let him go
    until I brought him into my mother’s house
    and into the chamber of her that conceived me.(AF)
I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem,
    by the gazelles or the wild does:
do not stir up or awaken love
    until it is ready!(AG)

The Young Man and His Party Approach

Who is that coming up from the wilderness
    like a column of smoke,
perfumed with myrrh and frankincense,
    with all the fragrant powders of the merchant?(AH)
Look, it is the litter of Solomon!
Around it are sixty mighty men
    of the mighty men of Israel,
all equipped with swords
    and expert in war,
each with his sword at his thigh
    because of alarms by night.(AI)
King Solomon made himself a palanquin
    from the wood of Lebanon.
10 He made its posts of silver,
    its back of gold, its seat of purple;
its interior was inlaid with stone.
    Daughters[e] of Jerusalem,(AJ)
11     come out and look[f]
    at King Solomon,
at the crown with which his mother crowned him
    on the day of his wedding,
    on the day of the gladness of his heart.


  1. 1.17 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  2. 2.4 Heb banner above
  3. 2.17 Or on the mountains of Bether; meaning of Heb uncertain
  4. 3.1 Gk: Heb lacks this line
  5. 3.10 Cn Compare Gk: Heb with love from the daughters
  6. 3.11 Gk: Heb adds daughters of Zion

Paul and the Other Apostles

Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me.(A) I went up in response to a revelation. Then I laid before them (though only in a private meeting with the acknowledged leaders) the gospel that I proclaim among the gentiles, in order to make sure that I was not running, or had not run, in vain.(B) But even Titus, who was with me, was not compelled to be circumcised, though he was a Greek.(C) But because of false brothers and sisters secretly brought in, who slipped in to spy on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus, so that they might enslave us(D) we did not submit to them even for a moment, so that the truth of the gospel might always remain with you.(E) And from those who were supposed to be acknowledged leaders (what they actually were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)—those leaders contributed nothing to me.(F) On the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel for the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been entrusted with the gospel for the circumcised(G) (for he who worked through Peter making him an apostle to the circumcised also worked through me in sending me to the gentiles), and when James and Cephas and John, who were acknowledged pillars, recognized the grace that had been given to me, they gave to Barnabas and me the right hand of fellowship, agreeing that we should go to the gentiles and they to the circumcised.(H) 10 They asked only one thing, that we remember the poor, which was actually what I was[a] eager to do.(I)

Paul Rebukes Peter at Antioch

11 But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face because he stood self-condemned,(J) 12 for until certain people came from James, he used to eat with the gentiles. But after they came, he drew back and kept himself separate for fear of the circumcision faction.(K) 13 And the other Jews joined him in this hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they were not acting consistently with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas before them all, “If you, though a Jew, live like a gentile and not like a Jew, how can you compel the gentiles to live like Jews?”[b](L)

Jews and Gentiles Are Saved by Faith

15 We ourselves are Jews by birth and not gentile sinners, 16 yet we know that a person is justified[c] not by the works of the law but through the faith of Jesus Christ.[d] And we have come to believe in Christ Jesus, so that we might be justified by the faith of Christ[e] and not by doing the works of the law, because no one will be justified by the works of the law.(M) 17 But if, in our effort to be justified in Christ, we ourselves have been found to be sinners, is Christ then a servant of sin? Certainly not! 18 But if I build up again the very things that I once tore down, then I demonstrate that I am a transgressor. 19 For through the law I died to the law, so that I might live to God. I have been crucified with Christ,(N) 20 and it is no longer I who live, but it is Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God,[f] who loved me and gave himself for me.(O) 21 I do not nullify the grace of God, for if righteousness[g] comes through the law, then Christ died for nothing.


  1. 2.10 Or had been
  2. 2.14 Some interpreters hold that the quotation extends into the following paragraph
  3. 2.16 Or reckoned as righteous
  4. 2.16 Or faith in Jesus Christ
  5. 2.16 Or faith in Christ
  6. 2.20 Or by faith in the Son of God
  7. 2.21 Or justification