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Hezekiah Consults Isaiah

37 When King Hezekiah heard it, he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth and went into the house of the Lord.(A) And he sent Eliakim, who was in charge of the palace, and Shebna the secretary, and the senior priests, covered with sackcloth, to the prophet Isaiah son of Amoz.(B) They said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah: This day is a day of distress, of rebuke, and of disgrace; children have come to the birth, and there is no strength to bring them forth.(C) It may be that the Lord your God heard the words of the Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to mock the living God, and will rebuke the words that the Lord your God has heard; therefore lift up your prayer for the remnant that is left.”(D)

[[When the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah, Isaiah said to them, “Say to your master: Thus says the Lord: Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have reviled me.(E) I myself will put a spirit in him, so that he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land; I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.”]][a](F)

The Rabshakeh returned and found the king of Assyria fighting against Libnah, for he had heard that the king had left Lachish. Now the king[b] heard concerning King Tirhakah of Cush, “He has set out to fight against you.” When he heard it, he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,(G) 10 “Thus shall you speak to King Hezekiah of Judah: Do not let your God on whom you rely deceive you by promising that Jerusalem will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.(H) 11 See, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, destroying them utterly. Shall you be delivered?(I) 12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, the nations that my predecessors destroyed, Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and the people of Eden who were in Telassar?(J) 13 Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of Laar, Sepharvaim, Hena, or Ivvah?”

Hezekiah’s Prayer

14 Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers and read it; then Hezekiah went up to the house of the Lord and spread it before the Lord. 15 And Hezekiah prayed to the Lord, saying: 16 “O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, who are enthroned above the cherubim, you are God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; you have made heaven and earth.(K) 17 Incline your ear, O Lord, and hear; open your eyes, O Lord, and see; hear all the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent to mock the living God.(L) 18 Truly, O Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations and their lands(M) 19 and have hurled their gods into the fire, though they were no gods but the work of human hands—wood and stone—and so they were destroyed.(N) 20 So now, O Lord our God, save us from his hand, so that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you alone are the Lord.”(O)

21 Then Isaiah son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying: “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Because you have prayed to me concerning King Sennacherib of Assyria,(P) 22 this is the word that the Lord has spoken concerning him:

She despises you; she scorns you—
    virgin daughter Zion;
she tosses her head—behind your back,
    daughter Jerusalem.(Q)

23 “Whom have you mocked and reviled?
    Against whom have you raised your voice
and haughtily lifted your eyes?
    Against the Holy One of Israel!(R)
24 By your servants you have mocked the Lord,
    and you have said, ‘With my many chariots
I have gone up the heights of the mountains,
    to the far recesses of Lebanon;
I felled its tallest cedars,
    its choicest cypresses;
I came to its remotest height,
    its densest forest.(S)
25 I dug wells
    and drank waters;
I dried up with the sole of my foot
    all the streams of Egypt.’

26 “Have you not heard
    that I determined it long ago?
I planned from days of old
    what now I bring to pass,
that you should make fortified cities
    crash into heaps of ruins,(T)
27 while their inhabitants, shorn of strength,
    are dismayed and confounded;
they have become like plants of the field
    and like tender grass,
like grass on the housetops
    that is scorched before the east wind.[c](U)

28 “I know your rising up[d] and your sitting down,
    your going out and coming in
    and your raging against me.(V)
29 Because you have raged against me
    and your arrogance has come to my ears,
I will put my hook in your nose
    and my bit in your mouth;
I will turn you back on the way
    by which you came.(W)

30 “And this shall be the sign for you: This year eat what grows of itself and in the second year what springs from that; then in the third year sow, reap, plant vineyards, and eat their fruit. 31 The surviving remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and bear fruit upward,(X) 32 for from Jerusalem a remnant shall go out and from Mount Zion a band of survivors. The zeal of the Lord of hosts will do this.(Y)

33 “Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city, shoot an arrow there, come before it with a shield, or cast up a siege ramp against it. 34 By the way that he came, by the same he shall return; he shall not come into this city, says the Lord. 35 For I will defend this city to save it, for my own sake and for the sake of my servant David.”(Z)

Sennacherib’s Defeat and Death

36 Then the angel of the Lord set out and struck down one hundred eighty-five thousand in the camp of the Assyrians; when morning dawned, they were all dead bodies.(AA) 37 Then King Sennacherib of Assyria left, went home, and lived at Nineveh. 38 As he was worshiping in the house of his god Nisroch, his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer killed him with the sword, and they escaped into the land of Ararat. His son Esar-haddon succeeded him.(AB)

Hezekiah’s Illness

38 In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death. The prophet Isaiah son of Amoz came to him and said to him, “Thus says the Lord: Set your house in order, for you shall die; you shall not recover.”(AC) Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed to the Lord: “Remember now, O Lord, I implore you, how I have walked before you in faithfulness with a whole heart and have done what is good in your sight.” And Hezekiah wept bitterly.(AD)

Then the word of the Lord came to Isaiah: “Go and say to Hezekiah, Thus says the Lord, the God of your ancestor David: I have heard your prayer; I have seen your tears; I will add fifteen years to your life.(AE) I will deliver you and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria and defend this city.(AF)

“This is the sign to you from the Lord, that the Lord will do this thing that he has promised:(AG) See, I will make the shadow cast by the declining sun on the dial of Ahaz turn back ten steps.” So the sun turned back on the dial the ten steps by which it had declined.[e](AH)

A writing of King Hezekiah of Judah, after he had been sick and had recovered from his sickness:

10 I said: In the noontide of my days
    I must depart;
I am consigned to the gates of Sheol
    for the rest of my years.(AI)
11 I said, I shall not see the Lord
    in the land of the living;
I shall look upon mortals no more
    among the inhabitants of the world.(AJ)
12 My dwelling is plucked up and removed from me
    like a shepherd’s tent;
like a weaver I have rolled up my life;
    he cuts me off from the loom;
from day to night you bring me to an end;(AK)
13     I cry for help[f] until morning;
like a lion he breaks all my bones;
    from day to night you bring me to an end.(AL)

14 Like a swallow or a crane[g] I clamor;
    I moan like a dove.
My eyes are weary with looking upward.
    O Lord, I am oppressed; be my security!(AM)
15 But what can I say? For he has spoken to me,
    and he himself has done it.
All my sleep has fled[h]
    because of the bitterness of my soul.(AN)

16 O Lord, by these things people live,
    and in all these is the life of my spirit.[i]
    Oh, restore me to health and make me live!
17 Surely it was for my welfare
    that I had great bitterness,
but you have held back[j] my life
    from the pit of destruction,
for you have cast all my sins
    behind your back.(AO)
18 For Sheol cannot thank you;
    death cannot praise you;
those who go down to the Pit cannot hope
    for your faithfulness.(AP)
19 The living, the living, they thank you,
    as I do this day;
fathers make known to children
    your faithfulness.(AQ)

20 The Lord will save me,
    and we will sing to stringed instruments[k]
all the days of our lives,
    at the house of the Lord.(AR)

[[21 Now Isaiah had said, “Let them take a lump of figs and apply it to the boil, so that he may recover.”(AS) 22 Hezekiah also had said, “What is the sign that I shall go up to the house of the Lord?”]][l]


  1. 37.5–7 Q ms lacks 37.5–7
  2. 37.9 Heb he
  3. 37.27 Q ms: MT and a field before standing grain
  4. 37.28 Q ms Gk: MT lacks your rising up
  5. 38.8 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  6. 38.13 Cn: Meaning of Heb uncertain
  7. 38.14 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  8. 38.15 Cn Compare Syr: Heb I will walk slowly all my years
  9. 38.16 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  10. 38.17 Cn Compare Gk Vg: Heb loved
  11. 38.20 Heb my stringed instruments
  12. 38.21–22 Q ms lacks 38.21–22

The New Life in Christ

So if you have been raised with Christ, seek the things that are above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.(A) Set your minds on the things that are above, not on the things that are on earth, for you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.(B) When Christ who is your[a] life is revealed, then you also will be revealed with him in glory.(C)

Put to death, therefore, whatever in you is earthly: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and greed (which is idolatry).(D) On account of these the wrath of God is coming on those who are disobedient.[b](E) These are the ways you also once followed, when you were living that life.[c] But now you must get rid of all such things: anger, wrath, malice, slander, and abusive[d] language from your mouth.(F) Do not lie to one another, seeing that you have stripped off the old self with its practices 10 and have clothed yourselves with the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge according to the image of its creator.(G) 11 In that renewal[e] there is no longer Greek and Jew, circumcised and uncircumcised, barbarian, Scythian, enslaved and free, but Christ is all and in all!(H)

12 Therefore, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience.(I) 13 Bear with one another and, if anyone has a complaint against another, forgive each other; just as the Lord[f] has forgiven you, so you also must forgive. 14 Above all, clothe yourselves with love, which binds everything together in perfect harmony. 15 And let the peace of Christ[g] rule in your hearts, to which indeed you were called in one body. And be thankful.(J) 16 Let the word of Christ[h] dwell in you richly; teach and admonish one another in all wisdom; and with gratitude in your hearts sing psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs to God.[i](K) 17 And whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through him.(L)

Rules for Christian Households

18 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord.(M) 19 Husbands, love your wives and never treat them harshly.

20 Children, obey your parents in everything, for this is your acceptable duty in the Lord.(N) 21 Fathers, do not provoke your children, or they may lose heart. 22 Slaves, obey your earthly masters[j] in everything, not with a slavery performed merely for looks, to please people, but wholeheartedly, fearing the Lord.[k](O) 23 Whatever task you must do, work as if your soul depends on it, as for the Lord and not for humans, 24 since you know that from the Lord you will receive the inheritance as your reward; you serve the Lord Christ.(P) 25 For the wrongdoer will be paid back for whatever wrong has been done, and there is no partiality.(Q)


  1. 3.4 Other authorities read our
  2. 3.6 Gk the sons of disobedience; other ancient authorities lack on those who are disobedient
  3. 3.7 Or living among such people
  4. 3.8 Or filthy
  5. 3.11 Gk its creator, where
  6. 3.13 Other ancient authorities read just as Christ
  7. 3.15 Other ancient authorities read of God
  8. 3.16 Other ancient authorities read of God or of the Lord
  9. 3.16 Other ancient authorities read to the Lord
  10. 3.22 In Gk the same word is used for master and Lord
  11. 3.22 In Gk the same word is used for master and Lord